Publications 2021

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Bakken, Ingrid Vik & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Civil War and Female Empowerment, Journal of Conflict Resolution 65(5): 982–1009.
Bartusevičius, Henrikas (2021) Physical strength predicts political violence, Evolution and Human Behavior 42(5): 423–430.
Bartusevičius, Henrikas; Alexander Bor; Frederik Jørgensen & Michael Bang Petersen (2021) The psychological burden of the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with anti-systemic attitudes and political violence, Psychological Science 32(9): 1391–1403.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Ida Roland Birkvad (2021) Religious norms and homeownership among Norwegian Muslim women, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. DOI: 1–18.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2021) The afterlife of buzzwords: the journey of rightsbased approaches through the humanitarian sector, The International Journal of Human Rights. DOI: 1–21.
Buhaug, Halvard & Nina von Uexkull (2021) Vicious circles: Violence, vulnerability, and climate change, Annual Review of Environment and Resources 46: 545–568.
Buhaug, Halvard; Mihai Croicu; Hanne Fjelde & Nina von Uexkull (2021) A Conditional Model of Local Income Shock and Civil Conflict, Journal of Politics 83(1): 354–366.
Carling, Jørgen; Marta Bivand Erdal & Cathrine Talleraas (2021) Living in two countries: Transnational living as an alternative to migration, Population, Space and Place 27(5): e2471.
Carrozza, Ilaria (2021) Legitimizing China's Growing Engagement in African Security: Change within Continuity of Official Discourse, The China Quarterly. DOI: 10.1017/S0305741021000242.
Dyrstad, Karin; Kristin M. Bakke & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2021) Perceptions of Peace Agreements and Political Trust in Post-War Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland, International Peacekeeping. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2020.1869541.
Eck, Kristine; Sophia Hatz; Charles Crabtree & Atsushi Tago (2021) Evade and Deceive? Citizen Responses to Online Surveillance, Journal of Politics (forthcoming).
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Arnfinn H. Midtbøen (2021) ‘Birthplace unknown’: on the symbolic value of the passport for identity-construction among naturalised citizens, Identities. DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2021.1933827.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Katrine Fangen (2021) A state-centred conception of nationhood? Norwegian bureaucrats on the nation, Ethnicities. DOI: 10.1177/14687968211012567.
Erdal, Marta Bivand (2021) Migrants’ Multifocal Sedentarism: Ambivalent Belonging and Desired Recognition in Transnational Social Fields Connecting Pakistan and Norway, Journal of Intercultural Studies. DOI: 10.1080/07256868.2021.1971167.
Ezzati, Rojan Tordhol (2021) ‘United through our values’? Expressing unity through value-talk after terrorism in France and Norway, Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnab033.
Fangen, Katrine & Lisanne Lichtenberg (2021) Gender and family rhetoric on the German far right, Patterns of Prejudice. DOI: 10.1080/0031322X.2021.1898815: 1–23.
Ganson, Brian & Kristian Hoelscher (2021) Theorising MSMEs in Contexts of Urban Violence, Journal of Illicit Economies and Development 2(2): 222–241.
Gilmore, Elisabeth & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Climate mitigation policies and the potential pathways to conflict: Outlining a research agenda, WIREs Climate Change. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.722.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Luke Abbs (2021) Ticked off, but scared off? Riots and the fate of nonviolent campaigns, Mobilization 26(1): 21–39.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (2021) This time is different! Or perhaps not? Neomalthusians and cornucopians in the age of climate change, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 1–9.
Goetz, Stefan; Toe Aung; John Adams; Clint McKenna; Catherine Hess; Stiven Roytman; Joey T. Cheng; Samuele Zilioli & David Puts (2021) Low fundamental and formant frequencies predict fighting ability among male mixed martial arts fighters, Scientific Reports 11(1).
Hatay, Mete & Rebecca Bryant (2021) Performing peace: Vernacular reconciliation and the diplomacy of return in Cyprus, Journal of Refugee Studies. DOI: 10.1093/jrs/feab003/6252979.
Hegre, Håvard; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Peder Landsverk (2021) Can we predict armed conflict? How the first 9 years of published forecasts stand up to reality, International Studies Quarterly.
Horst, Cindy & Odin Lysaker (2021) Miracles in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt and Refugees as ‘Vanguard’, Journal of Refugee Studies 34(1): 67–84.
Horst, Cindy & Tore Vincents Olsen (2021) Transnational Citizens, Cosmopolitan Outlooks? Migration as a Route to Cosmopolitanism, Nordic Journal of Migration Research 11(1): 4–19.
Kamerlin, Shina Caroline Lynn; David J. Allen; Bas de Bruin; Etienne Derat & Henrik Urdal (2021) Journal Open Access and Plan S: Solving Problems or Shifting Burdens?, Development and Change. DOI: 10.1111/dech.12635.
Kolås, Åshild & Lacin Idil Oztig (2021) From towers to walls: Trump’s border wall as entrepreneurial performance, Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space. DOI: 10.1177/23996544211003097.
Kristensen, Anders; Tobias Ide & Henrikas Bartusevičius (2021) First comes the river, then comes the conflict? A qualitative comparative analysis of flood-related political unrest, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 83–97.
Leon-Ablan, Gabriel; Toke Aidt & Max Satchell (2021) The Social Dynamics of Collective Action: Evidence from the Diffusion of the Swing Riots, 1830-31, Journal of Politics.
Linke, Andrew & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) Environmental stress and agricultural landownership in Africa, Global Environmental Change 67: 102237–.
Linke, Andrew & Brett Ruether (2021) Weather, wheat, and war: Security implications of climate variability for conflict in Syria, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 114–131.
Lorentzen, Jenny (2021) Women as ‘new security actors’ in preventing and countering violent extremism in Mali, International Affairs 97(3): 721–738.
Martins, Bruno Oliveira & Jocelyn Mawdsley (2021) Sociotechnical Imaginaries of EU Defence: The Past and the Future in the European Defence Fund, Journal of Common Market Studies. DOI: 10.1111/jcms.13197.
Martins, Bruno Oliveira; Chantal Lavallée & Andrea Silkoset (2021) Drone Use for COVID-19 Related Problems: Techno-solutionism and its Societal Implications, Global Policy. DOI:
Miklian, Jason & Kristian Hoelscher (2021) SMEs and Exogenous Shocks: A Conceptual Literature Review and Future Research Agenda, International Small Business Journal.
Nordås, Ragnhild & Dara Kay Cohen (2021) Conflict-related sexual violence, Annual Review of Political Science 24: 193–211.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Gudmund Horn Hermansen & Carl Henrik Knutsen (2021) Characterizing and Assessing Temporal Heterogeneity: Introducing a Change Point Framework, with Applications on the Study of Democratization, Political Analysis.
Olsson, Louise & Erika Forsberg (2021) Examining Gender Inequality and Armed Conflict at the Subnational Level, Journal of Global Security Studies. DOI: 10.1093/jogss/ogaa023.
Olsson, Louise & Madhav Joshi (2021) War termination and women's political rights, Social Science Research. DOI:
Palik, Júlia (2021) Watchdogs of Pause: The Challenges of Ceasefire Monitoring in Yemen, International Peacekeeping. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2021.1918004.
Pfaff, Katharina & Alejandro Quiro Flores (2021) Private provision of public goods and political survival: Rail transport in four European democracies in the 20th century, Research in Transportation Economics.
Pfaff, Katharina & Christian Bjørnskov (2021) Differences matter: the effect of coup types on physical integrity rights, European Journal of Political Economy.
Pfaff, Katharina; Eric Neumayer & Thomas Pluemper (2021) Protest Against COVID-19 Containment Policies in European Countries, Protest Against COVID-19 Containment Policies in European Countries.
Pfaff, Katharina; Eric Neumayer & Thomas Pluemper (2021) The strategy of protest against Covid‐19 containment policies in Germany, Social Science Quarterly. DOI:
Pfaff, Katharina; Thomas Pluemper & Eric Neumayer (2021) Querdenken: the German anti-lockdown movement that thrives on public distrust, LSE (London Scholl of Economics and Political Sciences).
Rosvold, Elisabeth Lio & Halvard Buhaug (2021) GDIS, a global dataset of geocoded disaster locations, Scientific Data 8(61).
Rustad, Siri Aas; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Haakon Gjerløw; Francis Mwesigye; Tony Odokonyero & Gudrun Østby (2021) Maternal Health Care Among Refugees and Host Communities in Northern Uganda: Access, Quality, and Discrimination, Frontiers in Global Women's Health 2.
Schutte, Sebastian; Constantin Ruhe & Niranjan Sahoo (2021) How Fear of Violence Drives Intergroup Conflict: Evidence from a Panel Survey in India, Terrorism and Political Violence. DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2021.1903439.
Schutte, Sebastian; Jonas Vestby; Jørgen Carling & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Climatic conditions are weak predictors of asylum migration, Nature Communications 12: 2067–.
Szulecki, Kacper; Davide Bertelli; Marta Bivand Erdal; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy & Gabriella Mikiewicz (2021) To vote or not to vote? Migrant electoral (dis)engagement in an enlarged Europe, Migration Studies. DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnab025.
Tartir, Alaa & Nicolas Florquin (2021) Urban Peace-Building through Community-Based Initiatives to Control SALWs in Libya, Journal of Illicit Economies and Development 2(2): 99–103.
Thomson, Henry; Halvard Buhaug; Henrik Urdal & Elisabeth Lio Rosvold (2021) Group organization, elections and urban political mobilization in the developing world, Democratization. DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2021.1944117.
Tønnesson, Stein; Min Zaw Oo & Maung Ne Lynn Aung (2021) Pretending to be States: The Use of Facebook by Armed Groups in Myanmar, Journal of Contemporary Asia. DOI: 10.1080/00472336.2021.1905865.
Tziarras, Zenonas (2021) International Competition and Cooperation in the New Eastern Mediterranean, Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190846626.013.654.
Vesco, Paola; Matija Kovacic; Malcolm Mistry & Mihai Croicu (2021) Climate variability, crop and conflict: Exploring the impacts of spatial concentration in agricultural production, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 98–113.
Vestby, Jonas; Halvard Buhaug & Nina von Uexkull (2021) Why do some poor countries see armed conflict while others do not? A dual sector approach, World Development 138: 105273–.
von Uexkull, Nina & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Security implications of climate change: A decade of scientific progress, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 3–17.

PhD Thesis

Jdid, Noor (2021) "Taking part in society the way I am" An exploration of active citizenship norms in Denmark and Norway. PhD thesis, Centre for Women’s and Gender Research (SKOK), University of Bergen, Bergen.

Book Chapter

Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and the Arctic: High Ambitions, Modernized Capabilties and Risky Setbacks, in Graeme P. Herd, ed., Russia's Global Reach: a Security and Statecraft Assessment. Garmisch-Partenkirchen: George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (25–33).
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russian Nuclear Instruments and Arms Control Approaches, in Graeme P. Herd, ed., Russia's Global Reach: a Security and Statecraft Assessment. Garmisch-Partenkirchen: George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (91–100).
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia's Security Interests and Military Build-up in the Arctic, in Gaens, Bart; & Kristi Raik, eds, Nordic-Baltic Connectivity with Asia via the Baltic. Tallinn: ICDS (32–56).
Casiraghi, Simone; James Peter Burgess & Kristoffer Lidén (2021) Ethics and border control technologies, in Border Control and New Technologies: Addressing Integrated Impact Assessment. Brussels: ASP Academic and Scientific Publishers (81–97).
Casiraghi, Simone; James Peter Burgess & Kristoffer Lidén (2021) Social acceptance and border control technologies, in Border Control and New Technologies: Addressing Integrated Impact Assessment. Brussels: ASP Academic and Scientific Publishers (99–115).
Deglow, Annekatrin & Hanne Fjelde (2021) The Quality of Government and Civil Conflict, in Bågenholm, Andreas; Monika Bauhr; Marcia Grimes; & Bo Rothstein, eds, Oxford University Press Handbook on the Quality of Government. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Krause, Jana & Louise Olsson (2021) Women’s Participation in Peace Processes, in MacGinty, Roger; & Anthony Wanis-St.John, eds, Contemporary Peacemaking: Conflict, Violence and Peace Processes. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2021) The Ethics of Liberal Peacebuilding, in The Oxford Handbook of Peacebuilding, Statebuilding, and Peace Formation. Oxford: Oxford University Press (42–58).
Nygaard, Lynn P. & Maria Savva (2021) Belonging and becoming in academia: a conceptual framework, in Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press (10–26).
Nygaard, Lynn P. (2021) Into the fray: becoming an academic in my own right, in Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press (121–135).
Savva, Maria & Lynn P. Nygaard (2021) The 'peripheral' student in academia: an analysis, in Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press (154–172).
Wilén, Nina (2021) Justifying Interventions: The Case of ECOWAS in Liberia, in Simon, Hendrik; & Lothar Brock, eds, The Justification of War and International Order: from Past to Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Edited Volume

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; & Elisa Pascucci, eds, (2021) Citizen Humanitarianism at European Borders. London and New York: Routledge. Humanitarian Studies series.
Savva, Maria; & Lynn P. Nygaard, eds, (2021) Becoming a Scholar: Cross-cultural reflections on identity and agency in an education doctorate. London: UCL Press.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Allen, Nathaniel & Luka Biong Deng Kuol (2021) Civil-Military Relations and Sudan’s Treacherous Path to Democracy, Texas National Security Review.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's designs for German timidity perpetuating European discord, The National Interest.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and Turkey Deconflict Their Geopolitical Moves in the Caucasus, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs.
Brazys, Samuel; Arusha Cooray; Åshild Kolås & Krishna Vadlamannati (2021) Editorial: New conversations in development studies, Journal of International Development 33(6): 947–952.
Tziarras, Zenonas (2021) Energy and Sovereignty in the new Geopolitics of the Eastern Mediterranean, Oxford Energy Forum: 58–61.

Popular Article

Akal, Ayşe Bala (2021) Denmark leading the race to the bottom: Hostility as a form of migration control, RLI Blog on Refugee Law and Forced Migration, 29 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) A new surge of external aggressiveness?, Washington post, 28 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Amidst seemingly easing tensions, Putin left much unsaid in speech to parliament, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 26 April.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) August anniversaries in Russia: A lithany of bad memories, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 16 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Autocratic symbiosis drags Belarus and Russia down, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 9 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Contradictory US and Russian messaging on the Biden-Putin Geneva summit, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 14 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Distortions in Russian economic policy exposed at pompous forum, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 7 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Fake elections and Russia's belligerent foreign policy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 20 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Kremlin Tests Limits of New US Administration, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 25 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Moscow cannot find opening to boost its role in the Middle East, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 17 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Naval parade plays into Putin's dangerous vanity, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 26 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Navalny Has Set a Damning Dilemma for Putin's Regime, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 20 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Penned in on multiple international issues, Putin strives to show resolve on Ukraine, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 12 April.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin pauses, but Russia's propensity for trouble-making persists, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 3 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin Postures as a ‘Davos Man’ While Bolstering His Autocracy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 1 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's fixation on Ukraine is demagogic, delusional and dangerous, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 19 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's paranoia, more than nuclear weapons and oil, make Russia dangerous, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 2 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's penchant for drawing and crossing "red lines", Eurasia Daily Monitor, 6 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's predictable Syrian compromise amidst hostile Russian behavior, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 12 July.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Putin's satisfaction with Geneva summit will not last, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 21 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and America's overlapping legacies in Afghanistan, Order from Chaos, 18 August.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia Blackmails and Courts Europe, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 15 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia Defiant of White House’s Foreign Policy Agenda, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 8 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia finds itself marginalized between China and reuniting West, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 29 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia predictable steps up attacks on US-European unity, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 28 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia recoils from possibility of stable relations with US, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 10 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia takes measure of how Afghanistan resonates in the Middle East, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 7 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia tries to counter US moves in the Middle East, in vain, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 1 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia’s Looming Year of Predictable Stagnancy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 11 January.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russian gas, German elections, and US sanctions, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 27 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russian-style multilateralism: Decorative and ineffectual, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 13 September.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia's four diplomatic encounters and a summit, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 4 October.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia's historical markers and a hampered future, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 9 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Special services aggravate bad governance in Russia, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 15 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The Arctic prelude to a "stabilization" summit, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 24 May.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The EU-Russia antagonism stretches from Ukraine to the Arctic, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 18 October.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) The Kremlin's quandry with supporing an isolated Belarus, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 1 June.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Two words that shook Putin's regime, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 22 March.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) War scare is Putin's natural element, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 5 April.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) West's renewed focus on solidarity and coordination perturbs Kremlin, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 22 February.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) What Difference Will the Nobel Peace Prize Make in Russia?, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 12 October.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Year 2020 in Review: The Maturation of Russia's Autocracy, Eurasia Daily Monitor, 4 January.
Benjaminsen, Tor Arve; Halvard Buhaug & Stig Jarle Hansen (2021) De egentlige årsakene til konflikter tåkelegges, Morgenbladet, 7 April.
Buhaug, Halvard & Nina von Uexkull (2021) Climate-conflict research: A decade of scientific progress, New Security Beat, 23 February.
Carling, Jørgen (2021) What makes people want to migrate? One chart sums it up, The Startup, 2 February.
Carrozza, Ilaria & Henrik Buljo Anstorp (2021) Kommer Kina til å gjenoppbygge Afghanistan, Irak og Syria? [Will China rebuild Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria?], Aftenposten, 4 September.
Chang, Patty; Louise Olsson & Angela Muvumba Sellström (2021) Advancing Women, Peace and Security in the UN Security Council: Critical Choices for Elected Member States, IPI Global Observatory, 7 October.
EU Research, (2021) Can climate variability spark conflict?, EU Research, 11 October.
Fangen, Katrine (2021) Why did Muslims become the new enemy in Europe?, Right Now!, 9 July.
Hatay, Mete (2021) Insel Unter Einfluss, Wie Ankara versucht, die Geschichte Nordzyperns umzuschreiben [Island Under Influence], Le Monde Diplomatique (Special Edition on Turkey), 2 May.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen & Are Knudsen (2021) Gazastripen etter våpenhvilen [Gaza after the ceasefire], Dagens Næringsliv, 28 May.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen & Erling Lorentzen Sogge (2021) The Palestinian elections that weren't, The Loop, 22 May.
Jensehaugen, Jørgen (2021) The politics of refugee relief: UNRWA and the ongoing funding crisis, Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies Blog, 28 January.
Joshi, Madhav & Louise Olsson (2021) What's at stake for women in Afghanistan, Political Vioelnce at a Glance, 15 April.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2021) When the storm subsides: what happened to grassroots initiatives assisting refugees?, ISS blog on Global Development and Social Justice, 28 May.
Muvumba Sellström, Angela; Louise Olsson; Stephen Moncrief; Elisabeth Jean Wood; Karin Johansson; Chiara Ruffa; Amelia Hoover Green; Ann-Kristin ‘Anki’ Sjöberg & Roudabeh Kishi (2021) New Perspectives on Preventing Conflict-Related Sexual Violence, The International Peace Institute (IPI) Global Observatory, 16 February.
Nordås, Ragnhild & Robert Nagel (2021) Report back better, Foreign Policy, 7 May.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Håvard Hegre & Peder Landsverk (2021) Kan vi forutse krig? Studier gir grunn til optimisme [Can we predict conflict? Studies give cause for optimism], Aftenposten, 26 January.
Olsson, Louise & Madhav Joshi (2021) WHAT’S NEXT FOR WOMEN’S RIGHTS IN AFGHANISTAN?, Political Violence @ a Glance, 13 September.
Tziarras, Zenonas & Jalel Harchaoui (2021) What Erdogan Really wants in the Eastern Mediterranean, Foreign Policy, 19 January.
von Uexkull, Nina & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Is climate change driving global conflict?, Political Violence at a Glance, 1 February.

Master Thesis

Aadalen, Malin Nærum (2021) The Effects of Different Types of Sectarian Violence on Trust in State- and Societal Institutions: Evidence from Egypt. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Azba, Natalie (2021) The Illusion of Inclusion: Assessing the Effects and Gendered Implications of Power Sharing. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Lunde Colleuille, Erlend (2021) An Impossible Balancing Act: France and the Lebanese Civil War, 1975–1982. MA thesis, Department of Archeology, Conservation and History (IAKH), University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Nilsen, Amalie (2021) Can Pre-Election Protests Influence Voter Behaviour? The Case of Hong Kong's Anti-ELAB Movement. MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Conference Paper

Martins, Bruno Oliveira (2021) Public address to the UNOCT on UAS threats against vulnerable targets, including soft targets and critical infrastructure, presented at International Expert Group Meeting on the Protection of Vulnerable Targets and Unmanned Aircraft Systems, UN Office of Counter-Terrorism, 2021.10.06–07.
Olsson, Louise; Patty Chang & Angela Muvumba Sellström (2021) Understanding E10 strategies and influence: Sweden and Women, Peace and Security in the UN Security Council, presented at International Studies Association Annual Convention, Online, April 6.

PRIO Policy Brief

Nagel, Robert; Ragnhild Nordås; Gudrun Østby; Siri Aas Rustad & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) Children at Risk of Wartime Sexual Violence, 1990–2019, Conflict Trends, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Strand, Håvard & Håvard Hegre (2021) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2020, Conflict Trends, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Stai, Nora Kristine; Ida Rødningen; Louise Olsson & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2021) Breaking Down Barriers for Norway’s Deployment of Military Women, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Clausen, Maria Louise (2021) Piloting Humanitarian Biometrics in Yemen, MidEast Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Predictable and Unexpected Compromise: UN Humanitarian Aid Comes to Syria for Another Year, MidEast Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Bjørn Schirmer-Nilsen (2021) Irresolvable Dilemmas? The Prospects for Repatriation for Syrian Refugees, MidEast Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2021) Afghan Peace Will Require a Neighborly Concert, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2021) The Foreign Policy of the Afghan Taliban, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy & Hassan Aden (2021) Refugee Education: A Long-Term Investment, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandnes, Marie (2021) The G5 Sahel Joint Force: Operationalisation and Dependency on External Actors, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Nilsen, Marte; Amara Thiha; Ilaria Carrozza & Øystein H. Rolandsen (2021) China in Myanmar: Complex Engagements, Complicated Relations, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Bala Akal, Ayşe & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2021) The EU and Offshore Asylum Processing: Why Looking to Australia Is Not a Way Forward, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Loyle, Cyanne; Dacan Nobert; Nkayimbi Sarah; Acen Susan Oroma & Lino Owor Ogora (2021) Justice during the War with the Lord’s Resistance Army in Uganda, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Andersson, Magnus Seland & Hilde Henriksen Waage (2021) The Geopolitics of Syria’s Reconstruction, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Anstorp, Henrik Buljo & Cindy Horst (2021) Broadening the Concept of Humanitarian Accountability, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Bertelli, Davide; Marta Bivand Erdal; Kacper Szulecki; Anatolie Cosciug; Angelina Kussy; Gabriella Mikiewicz & Corina Tulbure (2021) Migrant Political Engagement and Voting from Abroad: Insights from Interviews with Polish and Romanian Migrants in Barcelona and Oslo, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hagen-Zanker, Jessica & Gemma Hennessey (2021) What Do We Know about the Subjective and Intangible Factors That Shape Migration Decision-Making?, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2021) “Nobody Listens to Us”: Minors in DDR Processes – The Gender Dimension, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Olsson, Louise; Angela Muvumba Sellström; Patty Chang; Torunn L. Tryggestad; Peter Wallensteen & Ingebjørg Finnbakk (2021) Sweden as an Elected Member of the UN Security Council: Promoting Women, Peace and Security as Core Council Business, 2017–18, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Barakat, Sultan; Siri Aas Rustad; Mona Hedaya; & Sansom Milton (2021) Conflict Trends in the Arab World, 1946–2019Doha & Oslo: Center for Conflict and Humanitarian Studies (CHS) & the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Barakat, Sultan; Siri Aas Rustad; Mona Hedaya; & Sansom Milton (2021) اتجاهات النزاعات في العالم العربي [Conflict Trends in the Arab World, 1946–2019]Doha & Oslo: Center for Conflict and Humanitarian Studies (CHS) & the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
Biong Deng Kuol, Luka; & Christopher Oringa (2021) Is Education a Pathway to Fostering Civicness and a Resilient Social Contract in Africa? The Case of South SudanLondon: The South Sudan Studies Association (SSSA) and the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; Kristoffer Lidén; John Karlsrud; Salla Turunen; Astri Suhrke; & Antonio De Lauri (2021) Protection of Civilians – Norway in the Security Council, CMI Report, 2021. Chr. Michelsen Institute.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Abbey Steele; Helga Malmin Binningsbø; Michael Weintraub; Christopher Fariss; Pablo Ruiz Hiebra; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; & Pablo Ruiz Hiebra, eds, (2021) Lights and Shadows of the Peace Agreement Implementation in Colombia: Attitudes and Perceptions in the PDET Territories, PRIO-UNDP joint report. .

Report - External Series

Aslany, Maryam; Jørgen Carling; Mathilde Bålsrud Mjelva; & Tone Sommerfelt (2021) Systematic review of determinants of migration aspirations, QuantMig deliverable, 2,2. Southampton: University of Southampton.
Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Russia and Turkey: Stretegic Partners and Rivals, Russie.Nei.Reports, 35. Paris: IFRI.
Carling, Jørgen; & Mathilde Bålsrud Mjelva (2021) Survey instruments and survey data on migration aspirations, QuantMig project deliverable, 2. Southampton: University of Southampton.
Hatay, Mete (2021) Varosha: Between Human Rights and Realpolitik, FES Briefing. Nicosia: FES Cyprus.


Elvebakken, Johanne Rokke (2021) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - June 2021, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2021: PRIO.
Elvebakken, Johanne Rokke (2021) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - March 2021, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2021: PRIO.
Elvebakken, Johanne Rokke (2021) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - September 2021, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2021: PRIO.

Book Review

Baev, Pavel K. (2021) Review of Mikhail Suslov, ed., Geopolitical Imagination: Ideology and Utopia in Post-Soviet Russia, in Journal of Peace Research .
Fangen, Katrine (2021) Review of Cynthia Miller-Idriss: Hate in the Homeland: The New Global Far Right, book review, in Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift 5(3): 63–66.
Sagård, Tora (2021) Review of de Carvalho, Benjamin; & Halvard Leira, eds, Hva er Internasjonal Politikk, in Internasjonal Politikk 79(3): 257–260.
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) Review of A. S. Bhalla, ed., Asia's Trouble Spots: The Leadership Question in Conflict Resolution, in Journal of Peace Research Book Notes .
Tønnesson, Stein (2021) Review of Carl Henrik Knutsen, ed., Demokrati og diktatur [Democracy and dictatorship], in Apollon 2021(2): 59–59.