Peer-reviewed Journal Article - With Replication Data

2021

Bakken, Ingrid Vik & Halvard Buhaug (2021) Civil War and Female Empowerment, Journal of Conflict Resolution 65(5): 982–1009.
Dyrstad, Karin; Kristin M. Bakke & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2021) Perceptions of Peace Agreements and Political Trust in Post-War Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland, International Peacekeeping. DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2020.1869541.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (2021) This time is different! Or perhaps not? Neomalthusians and cornucopians in the age of climate change, Journal of Peace Research 58(1): 1–9.
Hegre, Håvard; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Peder Landsverk (2021) Can we predict armed conflict? How the first 9 years of published forecasts stand up to reality, International Studies Quarterly.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Gudmund Horn Hermansen & Carl Henrik Knutsen (2021) Characterizing and Assessing Temporal Heterogeneity: Introducing a Change Point Framework, with Applications on the Study of Democratization, Political Analysis.
Vestby, Jonas; Halvard Buhaug & Nina von Uexkull (2021) Why do some poor countries see armed conflict while others do not? A dual sector approach, World Development 138: 105273–.

2020

Fjelde, Hanne; Carl Henrik Knutsen & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2020) Which institutions matter? Re-considering the democratic civil peace, International Studies Quarterly. DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqaa076.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (2020) Toward a Social-Democratic Peace?, Ethics & International Affairs 34(1): 67–75.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; Nils Lid Hjort & Celine Marie Løken Cunen (2020) Statistical sightings of better angels: Analysing the distribution of battle-deaths in interstate conflict over time, Journal of Peace Research 57(2): 221–234.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Elisabeth Lio Rosvold & Halvard Buhaug (2020) Development Aid, Drought, and Coping Capacity, Journal of Development Studies 56(8): 1578–1593.

2019

Buhaug, Halvard & Jonas Vestby (2019) On Growth Projections in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways, Global Environmental Politics 19(4): 118–132.
Hegre, Håvard; Lisa Hultman & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2019) Evaluating the conflict-reducing effect of UN peacekeeping operations, The Journal of Politics 81(1): 215–232.
Østby, Gudrun; Michele Leiby & Ragnhild Nordås (2019) The Legacy of Wartime Violence on Intimate-Partner Abuse: Microlevel Evidence from Peru, 1980–2009, International Studies Quarterly 63(1): 1–46.
Vestby, Jonas (2019) Climate variability and individual motivations for participating in political violence, Global Environment Change 56: 114–123.

2017

Hegre, Håvard; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Ranveig Flaten Ræder (2017) Evaluating the scope and intensity of the conflict trap: A dynamic simulation approach, Journal of Peace Research 54(2): 243–261.
Knutsen, Carl Henrik; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Tore Wig (2017) Autocratic Elections: Stabilizing Tool or Force for Change?, World Politics 69(1): 98–143.
Vestby, Jonas; Siri Aas Rustad & Monika Salmivalli (2017) Identifying the effect of climate variability on communal conflict through randomization, Climatic Change. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-017-1914-3.

2016

Buhaug, Halvard; Lars-Erik Cederman & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2016) Ulikhet, eksklusjon og borgerkrig [Inequality, Exclusion, and Civil War], Politica 48(1): 12–29.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Ida Rudolfsen (2016) Are Muslim countries more prone to violence?, Research and Politics 3(2): 1–9.
Hegre, Håvard; Halvard Buhaug; Katherine V. Calvin; Jonas Nordkvelle; Stephanie T. Waldhoff & Elisabeth Gilmore (2016) Forecasting civil conflict along the shared socioeconomic pathways, Environmental Research Letters 11(5): 054002.
Loyle, Cyanne & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2016) Justice during Armed Conflict: A New Dataset on Government and Rebel Strategies, Journal of Conflict Resolution. DOI: 10.1177/0022002716655441.
von Uexkull, Nina; Mihai Croicu; Hanne Fjelde & Halvard Buhaug (2016) Civil conflict sensitivity to growing season drought, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113(44): 12391–12396.

2015

Bringedal Houge, Anette; Kjersti Lohne & May-Len Skilbrei (2015) Gender and Crime Revisited: Criminological Gender Research on International and Transnational Crime and Crime Control, Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention 16(2): 160–174.
Buhaug, Halvard; Tor Arve Benjaminsen; Espen Sjaastad & Ole Magnus Theisen (2015) Climate variability, food production shocks, and violent conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa, Environmental Research Letters 10(12): 125015–.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv (2015) The role of international organizations in regime transitions: How IGOs can tie a dictator’s hands, Conflict Management and Peace Science. DOI: 10.1177/0738894215599554.
Tollefsen, Andreas Forø & Halvard Buhaug (2015) Insurgency and Inaccessibility, International Studies Review 17(1): 6–25.

2014

Buhaug, Halvard; Jonas Nordkvelle; Thomas Bernauer; Tobias Böhmelt; Michael Brzoska; Joshua W. Busby; Antonio Ciccone; Hanne Fjelde; Erik Gartzke; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Jack A. Goldstone; Håvard Hegre; Helge Holtermann; Vally Koubi; Jasmin S. A. Link; Peter Michael Link; Päivi Lujala; John O'Loughlin; Clionadh Raleigh; Jürgen Scheffran; Janpeter Schilling; Todd G. Smith; Ole Magnus Theisen; Richard S. J. Tol; Henrik Urdal & Nina von Uexkull (2014) One effect to rule them all? A comment on climate and conflict, Climatic Change 127(3): 391–397.
Buhaug, Halvard; Lars-Erik Cederman & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2014) Square Pegs in Round Holes: Inequalities, Grievances, and Civil War, International Studies Quarterly 58(2): 418–431.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Jonas Nordkvelle & Håvard Strand (2014) Peace research – Just the study of war?, Journal of Peace Research 51(2): 145–158.
Wischnath, Gerdis & Halvard Buhaug (2014) On Climate Variability and Civil War in Asia, Climatic Change 122(4): 709–721.
Wischnath, Gerdis & Halvard Buhaug (2014) Rice or riots: On food production and conflict severity across India, Political Geography 43: 6–15.

2013

Østby, Gudrun; Håvard Strand; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Ragnhild Nordås (2013) Gender Gap or Gender Bias in Peace Research? Publication Patterns for Journal of Peace Research 1983–2008, International Studies Perspectives 14(4): 493–506.

2012

Benjaminsen, Tor Arve; Koffi Alinon; Halvard Buhaug & Jill Tove Buseth (2012) Does Climate Change Drive Land-Use Conflicts in the Sahel?, Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 97–111.
Bernauer, Thomas; Tobias Böhmelt; Halvard Buhaug; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Theresa Tribaldos; Eivind Berg Weibust & Gerdis Wischnath (2012) Water-Related Intrastate Conflict and Cooperation (WARICC): A New Event Dataset, International Interactions 38(4): 529–545.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Cyanne Loyle ; Scott Gates & Jon Elster (2012) Armed Conflict and Post-Conflict Justice, 1946–2006: A Dataset, Journal of Peace Research 49(5): 731–740.
Brochmann, Marit & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2012) Shared Rivers and Conflict – A Reconsideration, Political Geography 31(8): 519–527.
Brochmann, Marit; Jan Ketil Rød & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2012) International Borders and Conflict Revisited, Conflict Management and Peace Science 29(2): 170–194.
Cappelen, Ådne & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2012) En fredsgevinst for Norge - eller fortsatt opprustning? [A Peace Dividend for Norway - Or Continued Rearmament?], Samfunnsøkonomen 26(6): 26–31.
Dahl, Marianne & Bjørn Høyland (2012) Peace on Quicksand? Challenging the Conventional Wisdom About Economic Growth and Post-Conflict Risks, Journal of Peace Research 49(3): 423–429.
Deiwiks, Christa; Lars-Erik Cederman & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2012) Inequality and Conflict in Federations, Journal of Peace Research 49(2): 289–304.
Holtermann, Helge (2012) Explaining the Development–Civil War Relationship, Conflict Management and Peace Science 29(1): 56–78.
Rustad, Siri Aas & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2012) A Price Worth Fighting For? Natural Resources and Conflict Recurrence, Journal of Peace Research 49(4): 531–546.
Slettebak, Rune (2012) Don’t Blame the Weather! Climate-Related Natural Disasters and Civil Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 163–176.
Theisen, Ole Magnus (2012) Climate Clashes? Weather Variability, Land Pressure, and Organized Violence in Kenya, 1989–2004, Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 81–96.
Theisen, Ole Magnus; Helge Holtermann & Halvard Buhaug (2012) Climate Wars? Assessing the Claim that Drought Breeds Conflict, International Security 36(3): 79–106.
Tollefsen, Andreas Forø; Håvard Strand & Halvard Buhaug (2012) PRIO-GRID: A Unified Spatial Data Structure, Journal of Peace Research 49(2): 363–374.

2011

Dyrstad, Karin; Halvard Buhaug; Kristen Ringdal; Albert Simkus & Ola Listhaug (2011) Microfoundations of Civil Conflict Reconciliation: Ethnicity and Context, International Interactions 37(4): 363–387.
Østby, Gudrun; Henrik Urdal; Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin; S. Mansoob Murshed & Håvard Strand (2011) Population Pressure, Horizontal Inequality and Political Violence: A Disaggregated Study of Indonesian Provinces, 1990–2003, Journal of Development Studies 47(3): 377–398.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Halvard Buhaug; Åshild Falch & Scott Gates (2011) All Conflict Is Local: Modeling Sub-National Variation in Civil Conflict Risk, Conflict Management and Peace Science 28(1): 15–40.

2010

Buhaug, Halvard (2010) Climate Not to Blame for African Civil Wars, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(38): 16477–16482.
Buhaug, Halvard (2010) Dude, Where's My Conflict? LSG, Relative Strength, and the Location of Civil War, Conflict Management and Peace Science 27(2): 107–128.
Hegre, Håvard; John R. Oneal & Bruce M. Russett (2010) Trade Does Promote Peace: New Simultaneous Estimates of the Reciprocal Effects of Trade and Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 47(6): 763–774.

2009

Buhaug, Halvard; Scott Gates & Päivi Lujala (2009) Geography, Rebel Capability, and the Duration of Civil Conflict, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 544–569.
Cederman, Lars-Erik; Halvard Buhaug & Jan Ketil Rød (2009) Ethno-Nationalist Dyads and Civil War: A GIS-Based Analysis, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 496–525.
Østby, Gudrun; Clionadh Raleigh & Håvard Hegre (2009) Poverty and Civil War Events: A Disaggregated Study of Liberia, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 298–623.
Østby, Gudrun; Ragnhild Nordås & Jan Ketil Rød (2009) Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa, International Studies Quarterly 53(2): 301–324.

2008

Buhaug, Halvard & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2008) Contagion or Confusion? Why Conflicts Cluster in Space, International Studies Quarterly 52(2): 215–233.
Buhaug, Halvard; Lars-Erik Cederman & Jan Ketil Rød (2008) Disaggregating Ethno-Nationalist Civil Wars: A Dyadic Test of Exclusion Theory, International Organization 62(3): 531–551.
Hegre, Håvard (2008) Gravitating toward War: Preponderance May Pacify, but Power Kills, Journal of Conflict Resolution 52(4): 566–589.
Østby, Gudrun (2008) Polarization, Horizontal Inequalities and Violent Civil Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 45(2): 143–162.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Jan Ketil Rød; Wenche Larsen & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2008) Foliage and Fighting: Forest Resources and the Onset, Duration, and Location of Civil War, Political Geography 27(7): 761–782.

2007

Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Indra de Soysa & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2007) Green Giant or Straw Man? Environmental Pressure and Civil Conflict, 1961–99, Population and Environment 28(6): 337–353.
Butler, Christopher K.; Neil J. Mitchell & Tali Gluch (2007) Security Forces and Sexual Violence: A Cross-National Analysis of a Principal-Agent Argument, Journal of Peace Research 44(6): 669–987.
de Soysa, Indra & Eric Neumayer (2007) Resource Wealth and the Risk of Civil War Onset: Results from a New Dataset of Natural Resource Rents, 1970–1999, Conflict Management and Peace Science 24(3): 201–218.
Hendrix, Cullen & Sarah M. Glaser (2007) Trends and triggers: Climate, climate change and civil conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa, Political Geography 26(6): 695–715.
Lujala, Päivi; Jan Ketil Rød & Nadja Thieme (2007) Fighting Over Oil: Introducing a New Dataset, Conflict Management and Peace Science 24(3): 239–256.
Meier, Patrick; Doug Bond & Joe Bond (2007) Environmental Influences on Pastoral Conflict in the Horn of Africa, Political Geography 26(6): 716–735.
Raleigh, Clionadh & Henrik Urdal (2007) Climate Change, Environmental Degradation and Armed Conflict, Political Geography 26(6): 674–694.

2006

Buhaug, Halvard (2006) Relative Capability and Rebel Objective in Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 43(6): 691–708.
Buhaug, Halvard; & Jan Ketil Rød (2006) Local Determinants of African Civil Wars, 1970-2001, Political Geography 25(3): 315–335.
Furlong, Kathryn; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Håvard Hegre (2006) Geographic Opportunity and Neomalthusian Willingness: Boundaries, Shared Rivers, and Conflict, International Interactions 32(1): 79–108.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Mark P. Jones & Håvard Strand (2006) Institutional Inconsistency and Political Instability: Polity Duration, 1800-2000, American Journal of Political Science 50(4): 893–908.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Kathryn Furlong; Håvard Hegre; Bethany Ann Lacina & Taylor Owen (2006) Conflicts over Shared Rivers: Resource Wars or Fuzzy Boundaries?, Political Geography 25(4): 361–382.
Lacina, Bethany Ann (2006) Explaining the Severity of Civil War, Journal of Conflict Resolution 50(2): 276–289.
Lacina, Bethany Ann; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Bruce M. Russett (2006) The Declining Risk of Death in Battle, International Studies Quarterly 50(3): 673–680.
Urdal, Henrik (2006) A Clash of Generations? Youth Bulges and Political Violence, International Studies Quarterly 50(3): 607–630.

2005

Buhaug, Halvard (2005) Dangerous Dyads Revisited: Democracies May Not Be that Peaceful after All, Conflict Management and Peace Science 22(2): 95–111.
Buhaug, Halvard; & Päivi Lujala (2005) Accounting for Scale: Measuring Geography in Quantitative Studies of Civil War, Political Geography 24(4): 399–418.
Lacina, Bethany Ann; & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2005) Monitoring Trends in Global Combat: A New Dataset of Battle Deaths, European Journal of Population 21(2): 145–165.
Lujala, Päivi; Nils Petter Gleditsch; & Elisabeth Gilmore (2005) A Diamond Curse? Civil War and a Lootable Resource, Journal of Conflict Resolution 49(4): 538–562.
Strand, Håvard; Nils Petter Gleditsch; & Mirjam E. Sørli (2005) Why Is There So Much Conflict in the Middle East?, Journal of Conflict Resolution 49(1): 141–165.
Urdal, Henrik (2005) People vs. Malthus: Population Pressure, Environmental Degradation, and Armed Conflict Revisited, Journal of Peace Research 42(4): 417–434.

2004

Walter, Barbara (2004) Does Conflict Beget Conflict? Explaining Recurrent Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 41(3): 371–388.

2003

Furlong, Kathryn & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2003) The Boundary Dataset, Conflict Management and Peace Science 20(1): 93–117.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Claire Metelits & Håvard Strand (2003) Posting Your Data: Will You Be Scooped or Will You Be Famous?, International Studies Perspectives 4(1): 89–97.
Lektzian, David; & Mark Souva (2003) The Economic Peace Between Democracies: Economic Sanctions and Domestic Institutions, Journal of Peace Research 40(6): 641–660.
Long, Andrew G. (2003) Defense Pacts and International Trade, Journal of Peace Research 40(5): 537–552.

2002

Buhaug, Halvard & Scott Gates (2002) The Geography of Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 39(4): 417–433.
Craft, Cassady; & Joseph P. Smaldone (2002) The Arms Trade and the Incidence of Political Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1967-1997, Journal of Peace Research 39(6): 693–710.

2000

Toset, Hans Petter Wollebæk; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Håvard Hegre (2000) Shared Rivers and Interstate Conflict, Political Geography 19(8): 971–996.

1999

de Soysa, Indra & John R. Oneal (1999) Boon or Bane? Reassessing the Effects of Foreign Capital on Economic Growth, American Sociological Review 64(5): 766–782.

1998

Hauge, Wenche Iren & Tanja Ellingsen (1998) Beyond Environmental Scarcity: Causal Pathways to Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 299–317.