Publications 1994

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Abell, John D. (1994) Military Spending and Income Inequality, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 35–43.
Ahrari, M. Ehsan (1994) Islam as a Source of Conflict and Change in the Middle East, Security Dialogue 25(2): 177–192.
Al-Dessouki, Mourad (1994) Challenges to Peace and Security in the Middle East, Security Dialogue 25(4): 473–474.
Alexander, J. Davidson (1994) Military Conversion Policies in the USA: 1940s and 1990s, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 19–33.
Alleyne, Mark D. (1994) Thinking about the International System in the `Information Age_: Theoretical Assumptions and Contradictions, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 407–424.
Aly, Abdel Monem Said (1994) The Road to Oslo and Beyond: Prospects for an Arab-Israeli Peace, Security Dialogue 25(1): 37–50.
Amer, Ramses (1994) The United Nations' Reactions to Foreign Military Interventions, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 425–444.
Anthony, Ian (1994) Old Whine in a New Bottle, Security Dialogue 25(1): 111–112.
Axell, Karin & Peter Wallensteen (1994) Conflict Resolution and the End of the Cold War, 1989-93, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 333–349.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) The Balkans: The Russians Are Coming?, Security Dialogue 25(2): 237–238.
Ball, Desmond (1994) A New Era in Confidence Building: The Second Track Process in the Asia/Pacific Region, Security Dialogue 25(2): 157–176.
Bar-Siman-Tov, Yaacov (1994) The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Learning Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 75–92.
Bassiouni, M. Cherif (1994) Former Yugoslavia: Investigating Violations of International Humanitarian Law and Establishing an International Criminal Tribunal, Security Dialogue 25(4): 409–423.
Bebler, Anton (1994) On the Conflicts in Former Yugoslavia, Security Dialogue 25(3): 353–355.
Bookman, Milica Z. (1994) War and Peace: The Divergent Breakups of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 175–187.
Boron, Atilio A. (1994) Towards s Post-Hegemonic Age? The End of Pax Americana, Security Dialogue 25(2): 211–222.
Christie, Kenneth (1994) The UN and Cambodia, Security Dialogue 25(3): 356–357.
Cronberg, Tarja (1994) Civil Reconstructions of Military Technology: The United States and Russia, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 205–218.
Delpech, Thérèse (1994) What Future for Nuclear Weapons?, Security Dialogue 25(4): 405–408.
d'Orville, Hans & Dragoljub Najman (1994) A New System to Finance the UN, Security Dialogue 25(2): 135–144.
D'Souza, Frances (1994) Democracy as a Cure for Famine, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 369–373.
Duke, Simon (1994) Germanizing Europe: Europeanizing Germany?, Security Dialogue 25(4): 425–436.
Edmonds, John (1994) A Complete Nuclear Test Ban - Why Has it Taken so Long?, Security Dialogue 25(4): 375–388.
Egeland, Jan (1994) Norway's Middle East Peace Channel - an Insiders View, Security Dialogue 25(3): 349–351.
Ekéus, Rolf (1994) Iraq: The Future of Arms Control, Security Dialogue 25(1): 7–16.
Ganesan, Narayanan (1994) Taking Stock of Post-Cold War Developments in ASEAN, Security Dialogue 25(4): 457–468.
Geisler, Gisela (1994) The 1992 Kenyan Election Observation, Security Dialogue 25(1): 114–116.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Mot demokrati i Mexico? [Towards Democracy in Mexico?], Internasjonal Politikk 52(1): 89–104.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1994) Treholt-litteraturen: En studie i polarisering, Internasjonal Politikk 52(2): 275–287.
Goldblat, Jozef (1994) Legal or Illegal? The Perennial Controversy over Nuclear Weapons, Security Dialogue 25(4): 397–403.
Gonchar, Ksenia R. (1994) Military Spending in the USSR: A Reconsideration, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 219–228.
Gorbachev, Mikhail S. (1994) At the Threshold of the 21st Century, Security Dialogue 25(3): 247–253.
Granbom, Per Olof (1994) Dumped Chemical Ammunition in the Baltic: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(1): 105–110.
Hagtvet, Bernt (1994) Right-Wing Extremism in Europe, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 241–246.
Hammarström, Mats (1994) The Diffusion of Military Conflict: Central and South-East Europe in 1919-20 and 1991-92, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 263–280.
Hensel, Paul R. (1994) One Thing Leads to Another: Recurrent Militarized Disputes in Latin America, 1816-1986, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 281–297.
Heraclides, Alexis (1994) Secessionist Conflagration: What Is to Be Done?, Security Dialogue 25(3): 283–293.
Ibrahim, Saad Eddin (1994) Islamic Activism: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(2): 193–198.
Jacobsen, Carl Gustav (1994) Bosnian War Crimes: Problems of Definition and Prosecution, Security Dialogue 25(2): 238–240.
Jennar, Raoul M. (1994) UNTAC: ""International Triumph"" in Cambodia?, Security Dialogue 25(2): 145–156.
Kirch, Aksel & Marika Kirch (1994) On Estonian Russians and Separatism, Security Dialogue 25(1): 112–114.
Kleiboer, Marieke (1994) Ripeness of Conflict: A Fruitful Notion?, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 109–116.
Knutsen, Torbjørn L. (1994) Re-reading Rousseau in the Post-Cold War World, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 247–262.
Korhonen, Pekka (1994) The Theory of the Flying Geese Pattern of Development and Its Interpretations, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 93–108.
Krohn, Axel (1994) The Challenge of Dumped Chemical Ammunition in the Baltic Sea, Security Dialogue 25(1): 93–103.
Ling, Lily H. M. (1994) Rationalizations for State Violence in Chinese Politics: The Hegemony of Parental Governance, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 393–405.
Lock, Peter (1994) The Systemic Bed-Rock of Transition, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 351–357.
Looney, Robert E. & Peter C. Frederiksen (1994) Budgetary Consequences of Defense Expenditures in Pakistan: Short-Run Impacts and Long-Run Adjustments, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 11–18.
Moses, Jonathon W. (1994) The Eighteenth Brumaire of Boris Yeltsin, Security Dialogue 25(3): 335–347.
Nehme, Michel G. (1994) The Kurdish Dilemma: A Regional Perspective, Security Dialogue 25(4): 474–476.
Ok, Tae Hwan (1994) Dealing With North Korea: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(3): 317–319.
Ordeshook, Peter C. & Emerson M.S. Niou (1994) A Game-Theoretic Interpretation of Sun Tzu's The Art of War, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 161–174.
Patomäki, Heikki (1994) Emerging Latemodern Reconstructivism, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 451–459.
Peleg, Ilan & Gad Barzilai (1994) Israel and Future Borders: Assessment of a Dynamic Process, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 59–73.
Perruci, Gamaliel (1994) Latin America and International Security in the Post-Cold War Order, Security Dialogue 25(2): 199–209.
Regan, Patrick M. (1994) War Toys, War Movies, and the Militarization of the United States, 1900-85, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 45–58.
Rosas, Allan (1994) Towards Some International Law and Order, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 129–135.
Rosenau, James N. (1994) New Dimentions of Security: The Interaction of Globalizing and Localizing Dynamics, Security Dialogue 25(3): 255–281.
Roy, Denny (1994) North Korea and the Madman Theory, Security Dialogue 25(3): 307–316.
Rubinstein, Alvin Z. (1994) Lessons of the Cold War, Security Dialogue 25(3): 295–306.
Rummel, Rudolph J. (1994) Power, Genocide and Mass Murder, Journal of Peace Research 31(1): 1–10.
Salamé, Ghassan (1994) The Middle East: Elusive Security, Indefinable Region, Security Dialogue 25(1): 17–35.
Schierup, Carl-Ulrik (1994) Ex-Yugoslavia and the Balkanization of Europe, Security Dialogue 25(1): 116–118.
Schulz, Eberhard (1994) Should Europeanized Germans Germanize Europe? A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 25(4): 437–441.
Shevtsova, Lilia (1994) Russia Facing New Choices: Contradictions of Post-Communist Development, Security Dialogue 25(3): 321–334.
Simpson, John (1994) The 1995 NPT Conference: Substantive Issues Will Shape the Outcome, Security Dialogue 25(2): 223–236.
Skauge, Tom (1994) Contraction and Detraction: Non-Equilibrium Studies of Civil-Military Relations, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 189–203.
Smith, Dan (1994) Just War, Clausewitz and Sarajevo, Journal of Peace Research 31(2).
Smith, Dan (1994) Just War, Clausewitz and Sarajevo, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 136–142.
Smith, James D.D. (1994) Mediator Impartiality: Banishing the Chimera, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 445–450.
Soroos, Marvin S. (1994) Global Change, Environmental Security, and the Prisoner's Dilemma, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 317–332.
Steinberg, Gerald M. (1994) Israeli Security and the Peace Process, Security Dialogue 25(1): 51–62.
Thakur, Ramesh (1994) Human Rights: Amnesty International and the United Nations, Journal of Peace Research 31(2): 143–160.
Timerbaev, Roland (1994) A Hostage to Political Realities: A Russian Commentary, Security Dialogue 25(4): 389–392.
Togeby, Lise (1994) The Gender Gap in Foreign Policy Attitudes, Journal of Peace Research 31(4): 375–392.
Tsipko, Alexander (1994) A New Russian Identity or Old Russia's Reintegration, Security Dialogue 25(4): 443–455.
Wallensteen, Peter (1994) Representing the World: A Security Council for the 21st Century, Security Dialogue 25(1): 63–75.
Weart, Spencer R. (1994) Peace Among Democratic and Oligarchic Republics, Journal of Peace Research 31(3): 299–316.
Whitman, Jim & Ian Bartholomew (1994) Collective Control of UN Peace Support Operations: A Policy Proposal, Security Dialogue 25(1): 77–92.
York, Herbert F. (1994) What's New in the Nineties? An American Commentary, Security Dialogue 25(4): 393–395.

Monograph

Cappelen, Ådne; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Olav Bjerkholt (1994) The Wages of Peace: Disarmament in a Small Industrialized Economy. London.
Cappelen, Ådne; Olav Bjerkholt & Nils Petter Gleditsch (1994) The Wages of Peace. Disarmament in a Small Industrialized Economy. London.
Goldblat, Jozef (1994) Arms Control: A Guide to Negotiations and Agreements. London.
Myhre, Tore; Janne H. Matlary; Nina Græger & Thomas Hylland Eriksen (1994) Kan EU være demokratisk? Politisk identitet og legitimering i en ny tid. Oslo.
Ottosen, Rune (1994) Mediestrategier og fiendebilder i internasjonale konflikter: Norske medier i skyggen av Pentagon. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Steineger, Erik (1994) Miljø og konflikt - Miljølære for den videregående skole. Oslo.

Book Chapter

(1994) The Mass Media as Mythmaker of Smart Bombs and Commercializer for the Weapons Industry, in Lessons from the Gulf War: Social Science Findings. Lanham, MD: .
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1994) Military Dimensions of Africa's Debt and Adjustment Problems, in Afrika - mellom konflikter og utvikling. Oslo: .
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Nuclear Instruments for Russians Politics, in Nuclear Rivalry and International Order. London: .
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russian Perspectives on the Barents Region, in The Barents Region: Cooperation in Arctic Europe. London: (175–186).
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russia's Conflicting Interests in the Baltic Sea, in The Baltic Sea: New Developments in National Policies and International Cooperation. Ebenhausen: Kluwer Law International .
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) The Impact on Relations between Western Europe and Russia, in The Implications of the Yugoslav Crisis for Western Europe's Foreign Relationsns. Chaillot Paper 17.. Paris: (35–49).
Bøckman, Harald (1994) A Historical Sketch of Sinology in Norway, in Chinese Studies in the Nordic Countries. Survey no. 3. .
Enckell, Pehr; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Jørgen Burchardt (1994) Forord, in Det vitenskapelige tidsskrift. Rapport fra en konferanse for vitenskapelige tidsskrifter. TemaNord 1994:574. København: .
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1994) Conversion and the Environment, in Green Security or Militarized Environment?. Aldershot & Brookfield, VT: (131–154).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1994) Den nordiske tidsskriftflora, in Rapport fra en konferanse for vitenskapelige tidsskrifter. TemaNord 1994:574. København: .
Hegre, Håvard (1994) Journal. En presentasjon av et styringsverktøy, in Det vitenskapelige tidsskrift. Rapport fra en konferanse for vitenskapelige tidsskrifter. TemaNord 1994:574. København: (147–150).
Smith, Dan (1994) Dynamics of Contemporary Conflict: Consequences for Development Strategies, in Environment, Poverty, Conflict. PRIO Report, no. 2/94. Oslo: .
Smith, Dan (1994) Por qué han de chocar las civilizaciones?, in Papeles. (26–36).
Tunander, Ola (1994) Inventing the Barents Region - Overcoming the East-West Divide, in The Barents Region - Cooperation in Arctic Europe. London: (31–44).
Wæver, Ole & Ola Tunander (1994) Murar: Europas nya medeltid [Walls: Europe's New Middle Ages], in Tunander, Ola; & Ola Tunander, eds, Europa och Muren: Om 'den andre', gränslandet och historiens återkomst i 90-talets Europa. Ålborg: Nordic Summer University (15–21).

Edited Volume

(1994) Narody Rossii. Moscow.
Einagel, Victoria Ingrid (ed.) (1994) Samfunnsgeografi Hovedfagsårbok 1993. Oslo.
Stokke, Olav Schram; & Ola Tunander, eds, (1994) The Barents Region - Cooperation in Arctic Europe. London: Sage Publications.
Tunander, Ola; & Olav Schram Stokke, eds, (1994) The Barents Region - Cooperation in Arctic Europe. London: Sage.

Non-refereed Journal Article

(1994) Kan Tyskland være et normalt land?, Samora 16(2): 28–29.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russian Military Thinking and the ""Near Abroad, Janes's Intelligence Review 6(12): 531–533.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russia's Armed Forces: Spontaneous Demobilization, Bulletin of Arms Control(13): 8–13.
Baev, Pavel K. (1994) Russias Experiments and Experience in Conflict Management and Peacekeeping, International Peacekeeping 1(3): 245–260.
Bøckman, Harald (1994) Sinologimiljøet i Norge - skjeve blikk på en fagtradisjon, Nyhetsbrev for Norsk Kinaforum(1): 25–31.
Eide, Martin (1994) Science Journalism without Science Journalists, Public Understanding of Science 3(4): 425–435.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Democide: Drept av egen regjering [Democide: Killed by one's own Government] , Ikkevold (159): 18–29.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Høyreekstrem terrorisme, voldsbruk og lovverket [Extreme Right Terrorism, Violence, and the Law] , Ikkevold (161): 20–23.
Myhre, Tore (1994) Demokrati - en felles europeisk skjebne?, Samora 0(5).
Smith, Dan (1994) A Political Community of the Faithful, Midøst Forum 8(1).
Smith, Dan (1994) Nationalism and Peace: Theoretical Notes for Research and Political Agendas, Innovation 7(3): 219–236.
Smith, Dan (1994) Why Should Civilisations Clash?, Diplomacy 20(3).
Sogner, Ingrid (1994) The European Idea: The Scandinavian Answer, Scandinavian Journal of History 18(3): 307–327.
Tishkov, Valery (1994) Perspectives on Ethnic Accord in Post-Soviet Space, Cultural Survival Quarterly 18(2): 52–57.
Tishkov, Valery (1994) Post Soviet Ethnography. Not a Crisis but Something More Serious, Anthropology and Archeology of Eurasia (Special Issue) 33(3): 87–92.

PRIO Report

Græger, Nina; & Dan Smith (1994) Environment, Poverty and Conflict, PRIO Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

Conference Paper

Baev, Pavel K. (1994) New Security Paradigms for Europe, presented at Security for the Baltic Region. PRIO Report, 4/94, Oslo, 1 January.
Smith, Dan (1994) Market, Development, Conflict, presented at 42nd Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, Berlin, 1 January.

Report - Other

(1994) Security for the Baltic Region.
Græger, Nina; & Kjersti Løken (1994) En Union for alle?- om demokrati, identitet og legitimitet i EU.