Publications 1997

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

(1997) The Sinking Ship Syndrome in European Security, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1997) Arms and Reconstruction in Post-Conflict Societies, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 359–366.
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1997) Norwegian Church Aid's Humanitarian and Peace-Making Work in Mali, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1997) Review Essay: Arms and Reconstruction in Post-Conflict Societies, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 359–366.
Antonakis, Nicholas (1997) Military Expenditure and Economic Growth in Greece, 1960-90, Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 89–100.
Auvinen, Juha Y. (1997) Political Conflict in Less Developed Countries 1981-89, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 177–195.
Ayres, R. William (1997) Mediating International Conflicts: Is Image Change Necessary?, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 431–447.
Bachteler, Tobias (1997) Explaining the Democratic Peace: The Evidence from Ancient Greece Reviewed, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 315–323.
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Post-Soviet Reintegration Puzzle. Reference Review, Security Dialogue 29(3): 376–378.
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Post-Soviet Reintegration Puzzle, Security Dialogue 28(3): 376–378.
Baglione, Lisa A. (1997) Finishing START and Achieving Unilateral Reductions: Leadership and Arms Control at the End of the Cold War, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 135–152.
Bahgat, Gawdat (1997) Beyond Containment: US-Iranian Relations at a Crossroads, Security Dialogue 28(4): 453–464.
Bailey, Kathleen C. & C. Paul Robinson (1997) To Zero or Not to Zero: A US Perspective on Nuclear Disarmament, Security Dialogue 28(2): 149–158.
Behr, Mark (1997) Living in the Fault Lines, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Belous, Vladimir (1997) Key Aspects of the Russian Nuclear Strategy, Security Dialogue 28(2): 159–171.
Benda?a, Alejandro (1997) Demobilized Soldiers as Peace-Builders in Nicaragua, Security Dialogue 28(2): 249–250.
Beriker Atiyas, Nimet (1997) The Kurdish Conflict in Turkey: Issues, Parties and Prospects, Security Dialogue 28(4): 439–452.
Boroujerdi, Mehrzad (1997) Iranian Islam and the Faustian Bargain of Western Modernity (FO), Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 1–5.
Bratt, Duane (1997) Rebuilding Fractured Societies, Security Dialogue 28(2): 173–176.
Breslin, Shaun (1997) The China Challenge? Development, Environment and National Security, Security Dialogue 28(4): 497–508.
Bukkvoll, Tor (1997) Ukraine and NATO - The Politics of Soft Cooperation, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Bush, Ray (1997) The World of Problems and Human Potential, Security Dialogue 28(1): 124–125.
Cappelli, Riccardo (1997) Peace-maintenance Is Not the Response, Security Dialogue 28(4): 509–510.
Cawthra, Gavin (1997) Sub-Regional Security: The Southern African Development Community, Security Dialogue 28(2): 207–218.
Cheng, Joseph Y.S. (1997) What Awaits the People of Hong Kong?, Security Dialogue 28(2): 237–242.
Chopra, Jarat (1997) The Peace-Maintenance Response, Security Dialogue 28(2): 177–189.
Cilliers, Jakkie & Hussein Solomon (1997) Southern Africa and the Quest for Collective Security, Security Dialogue 28(2): 191–205.
Cossa, Ralph A. (1997) Avoiding New Myths: US-Japan Security Relations, Security Dialogue 28(2): 219–231.
Denholm Crosby, Ann (1997) A Middle Power Military in Alliance: Canada and NORAD, Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 37–52.
Dunér, Bertil (1997) The Fight for Greater NGO Participation in the UN, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Elbedour, Salman; Bruce A. Center & David T. Bastien (1997) Identity Formation in the Shadow of Conflict: Projective Drawings by Palestinian and Israeli Arab Children from the West Bank and Gaza, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 217–231.
Ellingsen, Tanja (1997) Fargerikt fellesskap eller etnisk heksebrygg? Væpnet konflikt og politisk styresett under og etter den kalde krigen , Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift 13(2): 145–167.
Fixdal, Mona (1997) Anti-personnel Landmines: A Just Means of War? , Security Dialogue 28(3): 271–285.
Frisch, Hillel (1997) Ethnicity, Territorial Integrity, and Regional Order: Palestinian Identity in Jordan and Israel, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 257–269.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Ward, Michael D. (1997) Double Take: Reexamining Democracy and Autocracy in Modern Polities , Journal of Conflict Resolution 41(3): 361–383.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Håvard Hegre (1997) Peace and Democracy: Three Levels of Analysis, Journal of Conflict Resolution 41(2): 283–310.
Goldblat, Jozef (1997) No-First-Use: A Prerequisite for Nuclear Disarmament, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Groom, A. J. R. (1997) The World of International Relations, Security Dialogue 28(1): 123–124.
Harlig, Jeffrey (1997) Language Conflict: The Case of Slovakia, Security Dialogue 28(4): 479–491.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1997) Transcending Traditionalism: The Emergence of Non-state Military Formations in Afghanistan, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 271–287.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Fixdal, Mona (1997) Anti-personnel Landmines: A Just Means of War? , Security Dialogue 28(3): 271–285.
Heldt, Birger (1997) The Dependent Variable of the Domestic-External Conflict Relationship: Anecdotes, Theories, and Systemic Studies, Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 101–106.
Heraclides, Alexis (1997) The Kosovo Conflict and Its Resolution: In Pursuit of Ariadne's Thread, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Herd, Graeme P. (1997) Baltic Security Politics, Security Dialogue 28(2): 251–253.
Johansen, Robert C. (1997) Radical Islam and Nonviolence: A Case Study of Religious Empowerment and Constraint Among Pashtuns, Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 53–71.
Jones, Peter (1997) Arms Control in the Middle East: Some Reflections on ACRS, Security Dialogue 28(1).
King, Charles (1997) Policing Language: Linguistic Security and the Sources of Ethnic Conflict. A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 28(4): 493–496.
Krohn-Hansen, Christian (1997) Review Essay: The Anthropology and Ethnography of Political Violence, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 233–240.
Kuan, Hsin-chi (1997) Does Hong Kong Have a Future?, Security Dialogue 28(2): 233–236.
Lemke, Douglas (1997) The Continuation of History: Power Transition Theory and the End of the Cold War, Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 23–36.
Levy, Yagil (1997) After Rabin and Peres: The Personal Dimension of Israel's Turn to Peace, Security Dialogue 28(4): 465–478.
Lode, Kåre (1997) The Peace Process in Mali: Oiling the Works?, Security Dialogue 28(4): 409–424.
Lumsden, Malvern (1997) Focus On: Breaking the Cycle of Violence, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 377–383.
Magno, Francisco A. (1997) Environmental Security in the South China Sea, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Makinda, Samuel M. (1997) Ethnic Claims versus Political Imperatives in Rwanda and Burundi, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Malone, David M. (1997) The UN Security Council in the Post-Cold War World: 1987-97, Security Dialogue 28(4): 393–408.
McDermott, Anthony (1997) Development and Reform of the UN System, Security Dialogue 28(3): 375–376.
McDermott, Anthony (1997) UN Peace-keeping: Expansion and Evolution of Operations in a New Era, Security Dialogue 28(2): 247–248.
Melvern, Linda (1997) Genocide behind the Thin Blue Line, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Mor, Ben D. (1997) Peace Initiatives and Public Opinion: The Domestic Context of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 187–215.
Mousseau, Michael (1997) Democracy and Militarized Interstate Collaboration, Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 73–87.
Nelson, Paul J. (1997) Deliberation, Leverage or Coercion? The World Bank, NGOs, and Global Environmental Politics: Comment on Payne, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 467–472.
Nustad, Knut G. (1997) The Ends of Development: Comments on an Obituary, Forum for Development Studies 1997(1): 155–166.
Østerud, Øyvind (1997) Focus on Postmodernisms: A Rejoinder, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 337–338.
Ottone, Ernesto (1997) Overcoming Poverty and Exclusion as Causes of Insecurity in Latin America, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Patomäki, Heikki (1997) The Rhetorical Strategies and the Misleading Nature of Attacks on "Postmodernism": A Reply to Ysterud, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 325–329.
Pavliuk, Oleksandr (1997) Ukraine and Regional Cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Payne, Rodger A. (1997) Reply to Nelson, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 470–472.
Peceny, Mark (1997) A Constructivist Interpretation of the Liberal Peace: The Ambiguous Case of the Spanish-American War, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 415–430.
Puchala, Donald J. (1997) Some Non-Western Perspectives on International Relations, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 129–134.
Pugh, Michael & S. Alex Cunliffe (1997) The Lead Agency Concept in Humanitarian Assistance: The Case of the UNHCR, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Raknerud, Arvid & Håvard Hegre (1997) The Hazard of War. Reassessing the Evidence of the Democratic Peace, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 385–404.
Rønnfeldt, Carsten (1997) Review Essay: Three Generations of Environment and Security Research, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 473–482.
Roy, A. Bikash (1997) Intervention Across Bisecting Borders, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 303–314.
Rummel, Rudolph J. (1997) Is Collective Violence Correlated with Social Pluralism?, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 163–175.
Salla, Michael E. (1997) Creating the 'Ripe Moment' in the East Timor Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 449–466.
Sample, Susan G. (1997) Arms Races and Dispute Escalation: Resolving the Debate, Journal of Peace Research 34(1): 7–22.
Sayed, Abdulhay (1997) The Future of the Israeli Nuclear Force and the Middle East Peace Process, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Seccombe, Ralph (1997) Troublesome Boomerang: Illicit Drugs Policy and Security, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Shevtsova, Lilia (1997) Dilemmas of Post-Communist Russia, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Siu-kai, Lau (1997) Political Conflicts in Post-1997 Hong Kong, Security Dialogue 28(2): 243–246.
Smith, Dan (1997) From Truth to Reconciliation?, Security Dialogue 28(1): 113–114.
Smith, Dan (1997) From Truth to Reconciliation, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Smith, Steve (1997) Epistemology, Postmodernism and International Relations Theory, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 330–336.
Solomon, Benjamin (1997) Focus On: Return to the First Image, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 249–255.
Sørensen, Georg & Bruce M. Russett (1997) A Rejoinder, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 323–329.
Starr, Harvey (1997) Democracy and Integration: Why Democracies Don't Fight Each Other, Journal of Peace Research 34(2): 153–162.
Steinberg, Gerald M. (1997) Deterrence and Middle East Stability: An Israeli Perspective: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Tishkov, Valery (1997) Political Anthropology of the Chechen War, Security Dialogue 28(4): 425–437.
Van Belle, Douglas A. (1997) Press Freedom and the Democratic Peace, Journal of Peace Research 34(4): 405–414.
van Ham, Peter (1997) Central Europe and the EU's Intergovernmental Conference: The Dialectics of Enlargement, Security Dialogue 28(1).
Walker, Ronald (1997) Nuclear Disarmament: Zero and How to Get There, Security Dialogue 28(2): 137–147.
Wallensteen, Peter & Margareta Sollenberg (1997) Armed Conflicts, Conflict Termination and Peace Agreements, 1989-1996, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 339–358.
Werner, Suzanne (1997) In Search of Security: Relative Gains and Losses in Dyadic Relations, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 289–302.
Wong, Yiu-chung (1997) The Two-Faced Tung Chee-hwa, Security Dialogue 28(3).
Xiaoling, Yao (1997) Family Ties in China-Taiwan Relations, Security Dialogue 28(1).


Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Russia's Policies in the Caucasus. London.
Burgess, J. Peter (1997) The Gender of Signs. Essays in Comparative Literature. Volda.
Gates, Scott & John Brehm (1997) Working, Shirking and Sabotage: Bureaucratic Response to a Democratic Public. Ann Arbor, MI.
Humes, Brian D. & Scott Gates (1997) Games, Information and Politics: Applying Game Theoretic Models to Political Science. Ann Arbor, MI.
Markakis, John (1997) Resource Conflict in the Horn of Africa. London.
Tishkov, Valery (1997) Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union. The Mind Aflame. London: Sage.
Tishkov, Valery (1997) Ocherki teorii i politiki etnichnosti v Rossii. Moscow: Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk.

Book Chapter

(1997) Identichnost i konflikt v post-Sovetskih gosudarstvah, in Moscow: .
(1997) Nordisk sikkerhetspolitikk - på vei mot EU og Nato, in (94–).
(1997) Tolerance and Accord for Transforming Societies, in A Culture of Peace and Democracy. a Handbook. Moscow: .
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1997) Interactions of Ethnicity, Economy, and Configuration of Society in Separatist Movements in Africa, in Separatism: Culture Counts, Resources Decide. Bergen: .
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1997) The Military, in Transition Without End: Nigerian Politics and Civil Society under Babangida. Boulder, CO: .
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Russian Misuse of Airpower in the Chechen War, in Use of Air Power in Peace Operations. NUPI UN Programme, no. 7.. Oslo: (77–93).
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Russia's Departure from Empire: From Self-Assertiveness to a New Retreat, in Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe. London: (174–196).
Bøckman, Harald (1997) Den kinesiske litterære scenen: Fra ideologisk minefelt til manus på auksjon, in Den kinesiske utfordringen. Oslo: (221–235).
Bøckman, Harald (1997) Kina fra maoisme til nasjonalisme, in Den kinesiske utfordringen. Oslo: (98–113).
Frøystad, Kathinka (1997) Norge og Sør-Asia, in Norges Utenrikspolitikk. Oslo: .
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede(1997) Civilian Resistance in Norway 1940-45 Protest, Power, and Change: an Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action from ACT-UP to Women’S Suffrage. : .
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1997) Democracy and Armed Conflict in the Third World, in Causes of Conflict in the Third World. Oslo: (69–81).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1997) Environmental Conflict and the Democratic Peace, in Conflict and the Environment. Dordrecht: (91–106).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1997) The Hazara of Afghanistan: The Thorny Path Towards Political Unity, 1978-1992, in Post-Soviet Central Asia: Proceedings of the ESCAS Fifth Conference, Copenhagen, 1995. London: .
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1997) War and Change in Afghanistan: Reflections on Research Priorities, in Language - Culture - Society: Contributions from the Nordic Central Asian Studies Symposium 1996.. London: .
McDermott, Anthony (1997) The UN and NGOs: Humanitarian Interventions in Future Conflicts, in Humanitarian force, PRIO report 4/97. Oslo: (71–98).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1997) Seksualisert vold som våpen i krig, in Kvinner, krise og krig (Women, Crisis and War), NUPI Rapport 225. Oslo: (47–55).
Smith, Dan (1997) Etter den kalde krigen - nye rammer for utenrikspolitikk, in Norges Utenrikspolitikk. Oslo: (50–70).
Smith, Dan (1997) Interventionist Dilemmas and Justice, in Humanitarian Force. (13–39).
Smith, Dan (1997) Notes on Problematising International Relations through Gender, in Kvinner, krise og krig, NUPI-Rapport 225. Oslo: (13–18).
Smith, Dan (1997) Peace and Politics after the Cold War, in A Culture of Peace and Democracy. Moscow: (120–133).
Smith, Dan (1997) The Way of War in the 1990s, in A Culture of Peace and Democracy. (134–145).
Smith, Dan(1997) ¿Por qué han de chocar las civilizaciones? Xoc De Civilitzacions. : (288–299).
Smith, Dan(1997) Razreshenie vooruzhennykh konfliktov Tolerantnost I Soglasie (Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi Konferetsii, Yakutsk, Iyun, 1995.). : (39–52).
Tunander, Ola (1997) Introduction, in Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe: Security, Territory and Identity. London: (1–14).
Tunander, Ola (1997) Norge og Norden, in Norges Utenrikspolitik. Oslo: (282–299).
Tunander, Ola (1997) Post-Cold War Europe - a Synthesis of a Bipolar Friend-Foe Structure and a Hierarchic Cosmos-Chaos Structure?, in Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe: Security, Territory and Identity. London: (15–42).
Tunander, Ola (1997) With the World Spirit on Horseback - A Round-trip to Berlin: From the Metaphysics of the Wall to the Metaphysics of the Mirror, in Remaking Identity: Political Culture and Cultural Politics in Today's Europe. Amsterdam: (213–236).

Edited Volume

(1997) Semia, gender i kultura. Materialy mezhdunarodnykh konferentsii, 1994, 1995. Moscow.
(1997) Tolerantnosti. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii, Yakutsk, 1995. Moscow.
(1997) Vynuzhdennye migranty: integratsia ili vozvraschenie. Moscow.
Burgess, J. Peter (ed.) (1997) Cultural Politics and Political Culture in Postmodern Europe. Amsterdam/Atlanta. Postmodern Studies.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (ed.) (1997) Conflict and the Environment. Dordrecht: Springer.
Østreng, Willy; & Dan Smith, eds, (1997) Research on Environment, Poverty and Conflict. Oslo.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (ed.) (1997) Conflicts in the OSCE Area. Oslo: PRIO.
Smith, Dan (ed.) (1997) The State of War and Peace Atlas. London.
Smith, Dan; Ketil Volden; & Dan Smith, eds, (1997) Causes of Conflict in the Third World. Oslo: PRIO.
Tunander, Ola; Pavel K. Baev; & Victoria Ingrid Einagel, eds, (1997) Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe. Security, Territory and Identity. London.
Tunander, Ola; Pavel K. Baev; & Victoria Ingrid Einagel, eds, (1997) Geopolitics of Post-Wall Europe: Security, Territory and Identity. London: Sage.

Non-refereed Journal Article

(1997) O fenomene etnichnosti, Etnograficheskoe obozrenie(3).
(1997) O geopolitike chechenskoi voiny, Svobodnaja misl (Free Thought)(3).
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Can Russia Do It Alone in the Caucasus, Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs 2(3): 167–172.
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Conflict Management in the Former Soviet South: The Dead-end of Russian Interventions, European Security 6(4): 111–129.
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Going It Alone in the Caucasus, War Report(52): 36–37.
Baev, Pavel K. (1997) Russia's Airpower in the Chechen War: Denial, Punishment and Defeat, Journal of Slavic Military Studies 10(2): 1–18.
Fixdal, Mona (1997) Landminor - Rättferdiga Vapen? , Internationella Studier (3): 29–32.
Gates, Scott & Mark Lainer (1997) Incarcerated Youth at Risk: Evaluating the AIDS Risk Reduction Model, Journal of Criminal Justice 24(6): 537–548.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1997) Landmines in Southern Africa: Regional Initiatives for Clearance and Control, Contemporary Security Policy 18(1): 83–108.
McDermott, Anthony (1997) Making U.N. Reform an Event, The World Today 53(7): 172–174.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1997) Förnuft och känsla i Ryssland, Internationella Studier(2): 3–8.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1997) Rybkin: Yeltsin's Softer Option, Jane's Intelligence Review 9(6): 251–253.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1997) The Terek Cossacks: A Loose Cannon in the North Caucasus, War Report: 14–.
Smith, Dan (1997) Conflicts of Interest, Geographical Magazine 69(5): 16–19.
Tunander, Ola (1997) A Complex Partnership, International Affairs - a Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy and International Relations 43(4): 58–67.
Tunander, Ola (1997) New Russian-Norwegian Relations - A Complex Partnership , International Affairs (Moscow) 43(4): 58–65.
Tunander, Ola (1997) Slozhnoe Partnerstvo, Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn (Moscow)(5): 62–69.

PRIO Report

Lode, Kåre (1997) Civil Society Takes Responsibility. Popular Involvement in the Peace Process in Mali, PRIO Report, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
McDermott, Anthony (1997) Humanitarian Force, PRIO Report, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1997) Gendered Battlefields. A Gender Analysis of Peace and Conflict, PRIO Report, 6. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Brodshaug, Else Marie; & Magne Barth (1997) Nordisk sikkerhetspolitikk - på vei mot EU og NATO.
Lumsden, Malvern (1997) Peacebuilding in Macedonia: searching for common ground in civil societyOslo.