Publications 1998

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1998) Power-Sharing in Multi-Ethnic Political Systems, Security Dialogue 29(1): 25–36.
Arnett, Eric (1998) Reassurance versus Deterrence: Expanding Iranian Participation in Confidence-Building Measures, Security Dialogue 29(4): 435–447.
Arosalo, Sirkka (1998) Social Conditions for Political Violence: Red and White Terror in the Finnish Civil War of 1918, Journal of Peace Research 35(2): 3–22.
Ayulo, Michael J. & Sean Byrne (1998) External Economic Aid in Ethno-Political Conflict: A View from Northern Ireland, Security Dialogue 29(4): 421–434.
Bailes, Alyson J.K. & Ian Bremmer (1998) Russia's Total Security Environment, Security Dialogue 29(1).
Bar-Tal, Daniel (1998) The Rocky Road toward Peace: Beliefs on Conflict in Israeli Textbooks, Journal of Peace Research 35(6): 723–742.
Beres, Louis René (1998) Israeli Nuclear Weapons after Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Tests, Security Dialogue 29(3): 377–380.
Blum, Michael; Deng Jian Jin; James A. Wall; Ronda R. Callister; Nam-Hyeon Kim & Dong-Won Sohn (1998) Mediation in the USA, China, Japan, and Korea, Security Dialogue 29(2): 235–248.
Borawski, John (1998) NATO in the 21st Century: Into the Slipstream, Security Dialogue 29(4): 499–502.
Bourantonis, Dimitris & Georgios Kostakos (1998) Innovations in Peace-Keeping: The Case of Albania, Security Dialogue 29(1): 49–58.
Boutin, J.D. Kenneth & Amitav Acharya (1998) The Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone Treaty, Security Dialogue 29(2): 219–230.
Carment, David & Patrick James (1998) The United Nations at 50: Managing Ethnic Crises - Past and Present, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 61–82.
Cha, Victor D. (1998) Is There Still a Rational North Korean Option for War?, Security Dialogue 29(4): 477–490.
Clapham, Christopher (1998) Rwanda: The Perils of Peace-Making, Journal of Peace Research 35(2): 49–66.
Crescenzi, Mark J. & Paul F. Diehl (1998) Reconfiguring the Arms Race-War Debate, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 111–118.
Dabelko, Geoffrey D. & Stacy D. VanDeveer (1998) European Insecurities: Can't Live With 'Em, Can't Shoot 'Em, Security Dialogue 29(2): 177–190.
Dannreuther, Roland (1998) Is Russia Returning to the Middle East?, Security Dialogue 29(3): 345–358.
Desivilya, Helena Syna (1998) Jewish-Arab Coexistence in Israel: The Role of Joint Professional Teams, Journal of Peace Research 35(4): 429–452.
Diehl, Paul F. & Jaroslav Tir (1998) Demographic Pressure and Interstate Conflict: Linking Population Growth and Density to Militarized Disputes and Wars, 1930-89, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 319–339.
Diehl, Paul F. (1998) Environmental Conflict: An Introduction, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 275–277.
DiMuccio, Ralph B.A. (1998) Review Essay: The Study of Appeasement in International Relations, Journal of Peace Research 35(2): 101–115.
Drury, A. Cooper (1998) Revisiting ""Economic Sanctions Reconsidered, Journal of Peace Research 35(4): 497–509.
Ellner, Andrea (1998) Emerging Security Regimes in Central and South Asia - Towards a Nuclear Weapons Free Zone?, Security Dialogue 29(1).
Foster, Edward (1998) Ad Hoc in Albania: Did Europe Fail? A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 29(2): 213–217.
Frensley, Nathalie J. (1998) Ratification Processes and Conflict Termination, Journal of Peace Research 35(2): 23–47.
Gates, Scott; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Håvard Hegre & Ranveig Gissinger (1998) Timing the Changes in Political Structures. A New Polity Database, Journal of Conflict Resolution 42(2): 231–242.
Gissinger, Ranveig (1998) Fører økonomisk åpenhet til indre konflikt?, Norsk statsvitenskapelig tidsskrift 14(4): 309–320.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1998) Armed Conflict and the Environment: A Critique of the Literature, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 381–400.
Goldblat, Jozef (1998) A Flawless Treaty? A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 29(2): 231–233.
Greco, Ettore (1998) New Trends in Peace-keeping: The Experience of Operation Alba, Security Dialogue 29(2): 201–212.
Guoxing, Ji (1998) China Versus South China Sea Security, Security Dialogue 29(1): 101–112.
Harff, Barbara & Ted Robert Gurr (1998) Systematic Early Warning of Humanitarian Emergencies, Journal of Peace Research 35(5): 551–580.
Hauge, Wenche Iren & Tanja Ellingsen (1998) Beyond Environmental Scarcity: Causal Pathways to Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 299–317.
Homer-Dixon, Thomas & Val Percival (1998) Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict: The Case of South Africa, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 279–298.
Huxley, Tim (1998) A Threat in the South China Sea? A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 29(1): 113–118.
Johannsen, Margret (1998) Towards an Israeli Policy of Opaque Nuclear Restraint and Disarmament, Security Dialogue 29(4): 505–509.
Khan, Mohommed A. Muqtedar (1998) US Foreign Policy and Political Islam: Interests, Ideas, and Ideology, Security Dialogue 29(4): 449–462.
Khashan, Hilal (1998) An Unpropitious Return! A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 29(3): 359–365.
Khattak, N.M.K. (1998) PAKBAT in Haiti: Professionalism in UN Peacekeeping, Security Dialogue 29(4): 502–505.
Khouri, Rami G. (1998) The Arab-Israeli Peace Process: Lessons from the Five Years since Oslo, Security Dialogue 29(3): 333–344.
Kinsella, David (1998) Arms Transfer Dependence and Foreign Policy Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 7–23.
Knopf, Jeffrey W. (1998) Domestic Sources of Preferences for Arms Cooperation: The Impact of Protest, Journal of Peace Research 35(6): 677–695.
Kuusisto, Riikka (1998) Framing the Wars in the Gulf and in Bosnia: The Rhetorical Definitions of the Western Power Leaders in Action, Journal of Peace Research 35(5): 603–620.
Laugen, Torunn (1998) The World Bank and the UN in the Occupied Territories, Security Dialogue 29(1): 63–77.
Lee, Kelley (1998) Finding a Better Way for Humanitarian Action - Creating a Global Institutional Framework. A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 29(2): 151–155.
Makinda, Samuel M. (1998) Sovereignty and Global Security, Security Dialogue 29(3): 281–292.
McDermott, Anthony (1998) The Rules and Workings of the UN's Supreme Ruling Body, Security Dialogue 29(3): 375–376.
McDermott, Anthony (1998) UN Reform: A Task to Test the Patience of Sisyphus, Security Dialogue 29(1): 119–120.
McFaul, Michael A. (1998) Russia's 'Privatized' State as an Impediment to Democratic Consolidation: Part I, Security Dialogue 29(2): 191–199.
McFaul, Michael A. (1998) Russia's 'Privatized' State as an Impediment to Democratic Consolidation: Part II, Security Dialogue 29(3): 315–332.
McSweeney, Bill (1998) Interests and Identity in the Construction of the Belfast Agreement, Security Dialogue 29(3): 303–314.
Medvedev, Sergei (1998) Subregionalism in Northeast Asia: A Post-Westphalian View, Security Dialogue 29(1): 89–100.
Mema, Fatmir (1998) Did Albania Really Need Operation 'ALBA'?, Security Dialogue 29(1): 59–62.
Midlarsky, Manus I. (1998) Democracy and the Environment: An Empirical Assessment, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 341–361.
Moens, Alexander (1998) NATO's Dilemma and the Elusive European Defence Identity, Security Dialogue 29(4): 463–475.
Moerk, Ernst L. (1998) From War-Hero to Villain: Reversal of the Symbolic Value of War and a Warrior King, Journal of Peace Research 35(4): 453–469.
Mooradian, Moorad (1998) How Intractable Is the Karabakh Conflict?, Security Dialogue 29(2): 252–254.
Morton, Jeffrey S. (1998) The Legal Status of Laser Weapons That Blind, Journal of Peace Research 35(6).
Müftüler-Bac, Meltem (1998) Turkey and Israel: An Axis of Tension and Security, Security Dialogue 29(1): 121–123.
Muller, Edward N. & Erich Weede (1998) Rebellion, Violence and Revolution: A Rational Choice Perspective, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 43–59.
Nowlan, Kevin B. (1998) Past Wars Avoided. Any Lessons for the Future?, Security Dialogue 29(2): 249–250.
Payne, Rodger A. (1998) The Limits and Promise of Environmental Conflict Prevention: The Case of the GEF, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 363–380.
Pearson, Frederic S. & John Sislin (1998) Patterns in Arms Acquisitions by Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Security Dialogue 29(4): 393–408.
Pugh, Michael (1998) The Withering of UN Humanitarian Reform. A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 29(2): 157–161.
Reuveny, Rafael & Heejoon Kang (1998) Bilateral Trade and Political Conflict/Cooperation: Do Goods Matter?, Journal of Peace Research 35(5): 581–602.
Richmond, Oliver P. (1998) Devious Objectives and the Disputants' View of International Mediation: A Theoretical Framework, Journal of Peace Research 35(6): 707–722.
Roberts, Adam (1998) Implementation of the Laws of War in Late 20th-Century Conflicts: Part I, Security Dialogue 29(2): 137–150.
Roberts, Adam (1998) Implementation of the Laws of War in Late 20th-Century Conflicts: Part II, Security Dialogue 29(3): 265–280.
Saidabadi, Mohammad Reza (1998) Progress and Regress in EU-Iran Relations Since 1989, Security Dialogue 29(1): 123–125.
Sample, Susan G. (1998) Furthering the Investigation into the Effects of Arms Buildups, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 122–126.
Sandler, Shmuel & Hemda Ben-Yehuda (1998) Crisis Magnitude and Interstate Conflict: Changes in the Arab-Israel Dispute, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 83–109.
Santmire, Tara;Wilkenfeld, Jonathan;Kraus, Sarit;Holley, Kim M.;Santmire, Toni E.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1998) Differences in Cognitive Complexity Levels among Negotiators and Crisis Outcomes , Political Psychology 19(4): 721–748.
Schjølset, Anita (1998) Er noen demokratier fredeligere enn andre?, Norsk statsvitenskapelig tidsskrift 14(1): 67–90.
Schwartz, Daniel (1998) Environmental Terrorism: Analyzing the Concept, Journal of Peace Research 35(4): 483–496.
Schwarzer, Gudrun (1998) The Peaceful Settlement of Interstate Conflict: Saar, Austria, and Berlin, Journal of Peace Research 35(6): 743–757.
Schwoebel, Mary Hope (1998) Complex Humanitarian Emergencies: Stay in Your Own Lane!, Security Dialogue 29(2): 255–256.
Shambaugh, George E. & Richard A. Matthew (1998) Sex, Drugs, and Heavy Metal: Transnational Threats and National Vulnerabilities, Security Dialogue 29(2): 163–175.
Simowitz, Roslyn L. & Matthew C. Sheffer (1998) Cumulation, Evaluation, and the Research Process: A Response to Starr & Siverson, Journal of Peace Research 35(2): 94–100.
Simowitz, Roslyn L. (1998) Evaluating Conflict Research on the Diffusion of War, Journal of Peace Research 35(2): 67–86.
Singh, Swaran (1998) Gujral Doctrine: 'Reciprocity' Remains Integral to India's Fresh Initiatives, Security Dialogue 29(1).
Siverson, Randolph M. & Harvey Starr (1998) Cumulation, Evaluation, and the Research Process: Investigating the Diffusion of Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 35(2): 87–93.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1998) Kjønnsidentitet: Er feminitet iboende fredelig?, Internasjonal Politikk 56(1): 55–74.
Smith, Dan; & Fixdal, Mona (1998) Humanitarian Intervention and Just War , Mershon International Studies Review 42(2): 283–312.
Smith, Ron (1998) Quantitative Methods in Peace Research, Journal of Peace Research 35(4): 419–427.
Suhrke, Astri (1998) Facing Genocide: The Record of the Belgian Battalion in Rwanda, Security Dialogue 29(1): 37–48.
Sverdrup, Bjørn Otto (1998) Review Essay:`Odysseus and the Lilliputians' - Germany, the European Union and the Smaller European States, Journal of Peace Research 35(6): 759–770.
Szonyi, Istvan (1998) Towards a Wider Civilian Partnership for Peace, Security Dialogue 29(2): 251–252.
Toivonen, Timo (1998) War and Equality: The Social Background of the Victims of the Finnish Winter War, Journal of Peace Research 35(4): 471–482.
Trenin, Dmitri V. (1998) Russia and the Emerging Security Environment in Northeast Asia, Security Dialogue 29(1): 79–88.
Turner, Scott (1998) Global Civil Society, Anarchy, and Governance: Assessing an Emerging Paradigm, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 25–42.
Turner, Stansfield (1998) The Specter of Nuclear Proliferation, Security Dialogue 29(3): 293–301.
von Tangen Page, Michael (1998) Arms Decommissioning and the Northern Ireland Peace Agreement, Security Dialogue 29(4): 409–420.
Wallace, Michael D. (1998) Comments on articles by Sample and Diehl & Crescenzi, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 119–121.
Wallensteen, Peter & Margareta Sollenberg (1998) Armed Conflict and Regional Conflict Complexes, 1989-97, Journal of Peace Research 35(5): 621–634.
Wang, T.Y. (1998) Arms Transfers and Coups d'État : A Study on Sub-Saharan Africa, Journal of Peace Research 35(6): 659–675.
Ward, Michael D.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1998) Democratizing for Peace , American Political Science Review 92(1): 51–61.
Ward, Michael D.;O'Loughlin, John;Cohen, Jordin S.;Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede;Brown, David S.;Reilly, David A.;Lofdahl, Corey L.; & Shin, Michael E. (1998) The Diffusion of Democracy, 1946-1994 , Annals of the Association of American Geographers 88(4): 545–574.
Wehr, Paul & James Downton (1998) Persistent Pacifism: How Activist Commitment is Developed and Sustained, Journal of Peace Research 35(5): 531–550.
Weiss, Thomas G. (1998) Humanitarian Shell Games: Whither UN Reform?, Security Dialogue 29(1): 9–23.
Wessells, Michael G. (1998) Review Essay: Children, Armed Conflict, and Peace, Journal of Peace Research 35(5): 635–646.
White, Nigel D. (1998) UN Law at a Crossroads: An Analysis of the Charter in Practice, Security Dialogue 29(4): 497–498.
Williams, John (1998) Review Essay: Mervyn Frost and the Constitution of Liberalism, Journal of Peace Research 35(4): 511–517.
Wong, Yiu-chung (1998) Crisis of Governance in Hong Kong: One Year after Reversion to China, Security Dialogue 29(4): 491–496.
Zaharescu, Vladimir & Stefani Hoffman (1998) The Empire Doesn't Strike Back: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 29(3): 367–373.
Zhang, Ming (1998) The Asia-Pacific Triangle and the US Response, Security Dialogue 29(1): 126–128.

Monograph

Gates, Scott (1998) Game Theory Topics: Incomplete Information, Repeated Games and N-player Games. Thousand Oaks, CAQuantitative Applications in the Social Sciences Series.
Humes, Brian D. & Evelyn Fink (1998) Information Repeated Games, and N-Player Games. Thousand Oaks, CAQuantitative Applications in the Social Sciences (122).
Lyons, Terrence (1998) Voting for Peace: Postconflict Elections in Liberia. : Brookings Institution Press. .
Miller, Ragnhild Hustad; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Monica Jacobsen; Jennifer L. Bailey & Anita Schjølset (1998) Det nye sikkerhetsbildet. Mot en demokratisk og fredelig verden?. Trondheim.
Sogner, Ingrid & Clive Archer (1998) Norway, European Integration and Atlantic Security. London.

Book Chapter

Baev, Pavel K. (1998) Peacekeeping and Conflict Management in Euroasia, in Security Dilemmas in Russia and Euroasia. London: (209–229).
Baev, Pavel K. (1998) Security as Seen from Russia, in Sikkerhetspolitisk tenkning i en ny tid - Fra enhet til mangfold. Oslo: (213–236).
Baev, Pavel K. (1998) The Russian Military Today: What Kind of Reform is Implementable?, in Russland, Quo Vadis?. Oslo: (53–68).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1998) Fred og demokrati [Peace and Democracy], in Demokrati – vilkår og virkninger. Oslo & Bergen: (297–314).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg(1998) The Hazara of Aghanistan: The Thorny Path Towards Political Unity, 1978-1992, in Atabaki, Touraj; & O'Kane, John, eds, Post-Soviet Central Asia. : I. B. Tauris(177–198).
Park, Yong-Hee & John R. Oneal (1998) But Power and Wealth Are Satisfying: A Reply to Lemke and Reed, in Journal of Conflict Resolution. (517–520).
Smith, Dan (1998) Language and Discourse in Conflict and Conflict Resolution, in Language and Conflict: a Neglected Relationship. Clevedon: (8–42).
Smith, Dan (1998) Legitimacy, Justice and Preventive Intervention, in Preventing Violent Conflicts: Past Record and Future Challenges, Report no. 48. Uppsala: (261–278).
Syse, Henrik (1998) Felleskap og demokrati, in Demokrati: Vilkår og virkninger. Bergen: (93–105).
Syse, Henrik (1998) Om å være en del av samfunnet, in Virkelighet og vitenskap. Oslo: (301–335).
Syse, Henrik (1998) Religiøs tenkning og felles etikk - kan de to forenes?, in Ved dette merket skal du seire. Oslo: (16–21).
Takle, Marianne (1998) Tysk-Europa politikk: Fra visjoner til pragmantisme [German-European politics: From visions to pragmatism], in Godrun Gaarder, ed., Hvor går Tyskland? Innenrikspolitiske utfordringer ved århundreskiftet. Oslo: Norsk Institutt for Strategiske Studier (117–138).
Tank, Pinar (1998) Security Issues Emanating from the Mediterrananean Basin, in Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union. London: SAGE (161–184).
Tank, Pinar (1998) The CFSP and the Nation State, in Kjell A. Eliassen, ed., Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union. London: SAGE (9–22).
Tunander, Ola (1998) Den kluvna maktens ansikten, in Eliterna som Abdikerade. Stockholm: (133–162).
Tunander, Ola (1998) Geopolitikens fader - Rudolf Kjelléns ""staten som livsform, in Internasjonal Politikk. (475–489).

Non-refereed Journal Article

Baev, Pavel K. (1998) Bear Hug for the Baltic, World Today 54(3): 78–79.
Baev, Pavel K. (1998) Boris Woos the Baltic, But are the Russians for Real, Jane's Intelligence Review 10(2): 9–12.
Baev, Pavel K. (1998) Er de post-kommunistiske konflikter i Europa over?, Nordisk øst-forum 12(3): 5–12.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1998) Preface, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 5–6.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (1998) Development, Trade and Armed Conflict: The Vicious Circle of Marginalisation, ICDA Journal 5(1): 43–51.
Kolås, Åshild (1998) Chinese Media Discources on Tibet: The Language of Inequality, Tibet Journal 23(3): 70–77.
Lode, Kåre (1998) From Our Readers: Continuation of the Peace Process in Mali, Security Dialogue 29(3): 380–384.
Lumpe, Lora (1998) Controlling Small Arms, Disarmament Diplomacy 1(32): 2–7.
McDermott, Anthony (1998) The UN and NGO's: Humanitarian Intervention in Future Conflicts, Contemporary Security Policy 19(3): 1–26.
Senghaas, Dieter (1998) A Clash of Civilizations - An Idée Fixe?, Journal of Peace Research 35(1): 127–132.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1998) Hvem frygter sin egen nationalitet?, Det udenrigspolitiske magasin(3): 71–77.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1998) Rokhlin Enters the Political Fray, Jane's Intelligence Review 10(1): 14–17.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1998) Who is Afraid of his Nationality?, CSEES Newsletter (Center for Slavic and East European Studies, University of California at Berkley)(1): 9–12.
Smith, Dan (1998) Europe's Suspended Conflicts, War Report(58): 11–16.
Syse, Henrik (1998) Dyd og Krig, Pacem 1(2): 133–138.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (1998) Norway and a Major International Crisis: Suez - The Difficult Case, Diplomacy & Statecraft 9(3): 211–241.

Popular Article

Tunander, Ola (1998) Demokratins lättsinne [The Carelessness of Democracy], Svenska Dagbladet, 5 December.
Tunander, Ola (1998) Kräver demokratin dödsskvadroner? [Does Democracy demand Death Squads?], Svenska Dagbladet, 6 December.

Report - Other

Tunander, Ola (1998) Nordiskt Samarbete [Nordic Cooperation], Nytt fra Norge (News from Norway), : .

Book Review

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1998) Review of Sayed Askar Mousavi, ed., The Hazaras of Afghanistan: An Historical, Cultural, Economic and Political Study, in Central Asian Survey 17(3): 510–513.