Gender

Coordinator: Jenny Lorentzen

​​​​​How does war affect women and men differently? What is the role of gender in the ways wars are fought? Why has sexual violence become a strategic weapon of war? What are women's contributions to peace? How can women and women's concerns be integrated into mediation processes? Are gender concerns of any relevance to security sector reform? These are some of the questions gender researchers at PRIO focus on in their various projects. 

​PRIO has become a hub for research on gender, peace, and conflict in Norway. Our expertise is unparalleled regarding sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict situations, as well as on global regimes and strategies for the implementation of gender sensitive peace and security policies. Guided by a focus on academic excellence, our research has informed Norwegian, as well as international, policy development in the UN and NATO on important areas such as:

  • Mainstreaming of gender perspectives in peacebuilding
  • Gender sensitive mine action
  • Fighting sexual violence
  • How to recruit and retain women in the armed forces.

Our research methodology uses a mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods. These include fieldwork, interview studies, textual study and theory development, as well as statistical methods. Reflecting PRIO's inter-disciplinary approach to peace studies, the disciplinary background of our researchers spans across political science, history, social anthropology, and psychology.

In addition to research, publishing, and provision of policy advice, researchers on the Gender research group are also engaged in teaching, training, and the organization of seminars and conferences on both a national and international level.

Research topics

  • Conflic​​t-related sexual violence and its sociopolitical implications
  • Why, when, and where sexual violence in war occurs
  • Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers
  • The UN and implementation of UNSCR 1325 on women, peace and security – strategies and action plans
  • Women's participation in conflict mediation, conflict resolution, and peacebuilding
  • Women's security in fragile states
  • Gender and security sector reform
  • Reintegration of female fighters in post-conflict societies
  • Gender perspectives on transnational crime
  • Maternal health - during and after conflict
  • Gendered dimensions of migration
  • Legal issues – women's access to resources post-conflict
  • Implications of gendering
  • Conventional understandings of security and risk
  • Gender and the military
  • The effects of war on civilian populations

Projects

Current Projects

Past Projects

Research Group News

Upcoming Events

Past Events

Publications

Recent publications

Manchanda, Rita & Seema Kakran (2017) Gendered power transformations in India’s Northeast: Peace politics in Nagaland, Cultural Dynamics 29(1): 63–82.
Hansen, Julie Marie & Jenny Lorentzen (2017) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - September 2017, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2017: PRIO.
Olsson, Louise (2017) Fred och säkerhet ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv [Peace and Security in an Equal Rights Perspective], in Aggestam, Karin; & Kristine Höglund, eds, Om krig och fred. En introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier. Lund: Studentlitteratur.
Olsson, Louise & Theodora-Ismene Gizelis (2017) The Production of the Global Study: What’s in a measurement?, in Davies, Sara; & Jacqui True, eds, Oxford University Press Handbook on Women, Peace and Security (WPS). Oxford: Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).
Olsson, Louise (2017) Same Peace, Different Quality? The importance of Security Equality for Quality Peace, in Joshi, Madhav; & Peter Wallensteen, eds, Understanding Quality Peace. Milton Park and New York: Routledge.
Davies, Sara & Jacqui True (2017) When there is no justice: gendered violence and harm in post-conflict Sri Lanka, The International Journal of Human Rights. DOI: 10.1080/13642987.2017.1360025.
Kolås, Åshild & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2017) Introduction: Women, Peace and Security in Review, in Åshild Kolås, ed., Women, Peace and Security: from Civil War to Post-Conflict Reconstruction. Abingdon: Routledge (1-8).
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Marek Pawlak (2017) Reproducing, transforming and contesting gender relations and identities through migration and transnational ties, Gender, Place and Culture. DOI: 10.1080/0966369X.2017.1372378.
True, Jacqui & Aida A. Hozić (2017) Brexit as a scandal: gender and global trumpism, Review of International Political Economy 24(2): 270–287.
True, Jacqui & Sara Davies (2017) Norm Entrepreneurship in Foreign Policy: William Hague and the Prevention of Sexual Violence in Conflict, Foreign Policy Analysis 13(3): 701–721.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Manchanda, Rita & Seema Kakran (2017) Gendered power transformations in India’s Northeast: Peace politics in Nagaland, Cultural Dynamics 29(1): 63–82.
Davies, Sara & Jacqui True (2017) When there is no justice: gendered violence and harm in post-conflict Sri Lanka, The International Journal of Human Rights. DOI: 10.1080/13642987.2017.1360025.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Marek Pawlak (2017) Reproducing, transforming and contesting gender relations and identities through migration and transnational ties, Gender, Place and Culture. DOI: 10.1080/0966369X.2017.1372378.
True, Jacqui & Aida A. Hozić (2017) Brexit as a scandal: gender and global trumpism, Review of International Political Economy 24(2): 270–287.
True, Jacqui & Sara Davies (2017) Norm Entrepreneurship in Foreign Policy: William Hague and the Prevention of Sexual Violence in Conflict, Foreign Policy Analysis 13(3): 701–721.
Horst, Cindy (2017) Implementing the women, peace and security agenda? Somali debates on women's public role and political participation, Journal of Eastern African Studies. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2017.1348000.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2017) Finding the Roads to Justice? Examining Trajectories of Transition for Internally Displaced Women in Colombia, Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 6(1): 1–18.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Gudrun Østby & Ragnhild Nordås (2016) Does Artisanal Mining Increase the Risk of Sexual Violence? Micro-level evidence from Eastern Congo, Quality in Primary Care 24(2): 77–80.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Gudrun Østby & Ragnhild Nordås (2016) Artisanal mining, conflict, and sexual violence in Eastern DRC, The Extractive Industries and Society 3(2): 475–484.
Lemaitre, Julieta (2016) After the War: Displaced Women, Ordinary Ethics, and Grassroots Reconstruction in Colombia, Social & Legal Studies 25(5): 545–565.
Motaze, Nkengafac V.; Primus Che Chi; Pierre Ongolo-Zogo; Jean Serge Ndongo & Charles Shey Wiysonge (2015) Government regulation of private health insurance, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015(4): 1–14.
Chi, Primus Che; Patience Bulage; Henrik Urdal & Johanne Sundby (2015) A qualitative study exploring the determinants of maternal health service uptake in post-conflict Burundi and Northern Uganda, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 15(18).
Chi, Primus Che; Henrik Urdal; Odidika U.J. Umeora; Johanne Sundby; Paul Spiegel & Declan Devane (2015) Improving maternal, newborn and women's reproductive health in crisis settings, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015(8): 1–26.
Chi, Primus Che; Patience Bulage; Henrik Urdal & Johanne Sundby (2015) Perceptions of the effects of armed conflict on maternal and reproductive health services and outcomes in Burundi and Northern Uganda: a qualitative study, BMC International Health and Human Rights 15(7): 1–15.
Lemaitre, Julieta & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2015) Shifting Frames, Vanishing Resources, and Dangerous Political Opportunities: Legal Mobilization among Displaced Women in Colombia, Law & Society Review 49(1): 5–38.
Bringedal Houge, Anette; Kjersti Lohne & May-Len Skilbrei (2015) Gender and Crime Revisited: Criminological Gender Research on International and Transnational Crime and Crime Control, Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention 16(2): 160–174.
Kolås, Åshild (2014) Mothers and Activists in the Hills of Assam, Economic and Political Weekly 49(43): 41–48.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2014) State Feminism Going Global: Norway on the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, Cooperation and Conflict 49(4): 464–482.
Samaddar, Ranabir & Anjuman Ara Begum (2014) New Fault Line in Conflict? Women's Emergence as the Subject of Peace in the North-East, Economic and Political Weekly 49(44): 74–83.
Moral, Rakhee Kalita (2014) The Woman Rebel and the State: Making War, Making Peace in Assam, Economic and Political Weekly 49(44): 66–73.
Banerjee, Paula (2014) New Conundrums for Women in North-East India: Nagaland and Tripura, Economic and Political Weekly 49(44): 57–65.
Deka, Arunima (2014) Of Pills and Politics: Contraceptives and Women in Assam, Social Change and Development 11(1): 118–130.
Demetriou, Olga (2014) 'Struck by the Turks': Reflections on Armenian Refugeehood in Cyprus, Patterns of Prejudice 48(2): 167–181.
Hudson, Heidi & Henning Melber (2014) Contextualising African Identities, Othering and the Politics of Space, Africa Insight 44(1): 1–6.
Hudson, Heidi (2014) Gendercidal Violence and the Technologies of Othering in Libya and Rwanda, Africa Insight 44(1): 103–120.
Cohen, Dara Kay & Ragnhild Nordås (2014) Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict: Introducing the SVAC Dataset, 1989–2009, Journal of Peace Research 51(3): 418–428.
Urdal, Henrik & Primus Che Chi (2013) War and Gender Inequalities in Health: The Impact of Armed Conflict on Fertility and Maternal Mortality, International Interactions 39(4): 489–510.
Nordås, Ragnhild & Siri Aas Rustad (2013) Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers: Understanding Variation, International Interactions 39(4): 511–534.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2013) Internally Displaced Women as Knowledge Producers and Users in Humanitarian Action: The View from Colombia, Disasters 37(1): 36–50.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2012) Responsibility to Protect or Prevent? Victims and Perpetrators of Sexual Violence Crimes in Armed Conflicts, Global Responsibility to Protect 4(2): 154–171.
Demetriou, Olga (2012) The Militarization of Opulence: Engendering a Conflict Heritage Site, International Feminist Journal of Politics 14(1): 56–77.
Singh, Narpinder; Are Hugo Pripp; Torkel Brekke & Babill Stray-Pedersen (2010) Different sex ratios of children born to Indian and Pakistani immigrants in Norway, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 10(40).
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2010) The UN Peacebuilding Commission and Gender: A Case of Norm Reinforcement, International Peacekeeping 17(2): 159–171.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2009) Women in the Norwegian Armed Forces. Gender Equality or Operational Imperative?, Minerva Journal of Women and War 3(2): 34–51.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2009) Traditions and Transitions: Perceptions of 'Good Womanhood' Among Twenty Bosnian Focus Group Participants, International Feminist Journal of Politics 11(3): 392–411.
Brekke, Torkel (2009) The Concept of Religion and the Debate on the Rights of Women in the Constitutional Debates of India, Nordic Journal of Religion and Society 22(1): 71–85.
Plümper, Thomas & Eric Neumayer (2006) The Unequal Burden of War: The Effect of Armed Conflict on the Gender Gap in Life Expectancy, International Organization 60(3): 723–754.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2006) Therapeutic Work With Victims of Sexual Violence in War and Postwar: A Discourse Analysis of Bosnian Experiences, Peace & Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 12(2): 93–118.
Olsson, Louise (2000) Mainstreaming Gender in Multidimensional Peacekeeping: A Field Perspective, International Peacekeeping 7(3).

PhD Thesis

Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2014) International Norms and Political Change: 'Women, Peace and Security' and the UN Security Agenda. PhD thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo.

Monograph

Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) The Political Psychology of War Rape: Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina. London: Routledge. War, Politics and Experience.
Olsson, Louise (2009) Gender Equality and United Nations Peace Operations in Timor-Leste. Leiden: Brill Publishers.

Book Chapter

Olsson, Louise (2017) Fred och säkerhet ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv [Peace and Security in an Equal Rights Perspective], in Aggestam, Karin; & Kristine Höglund, eds, Om krig och fred. En introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier. Lund: Studentlitteratur.
Olsson, Louise & Theodora-Ismene Gizelis (2017) The Production of the Global Study: What’s in a measurement?, in Davies, Sara; & Jacqui True, eds, Oxford University Press Handbook on Women, Peace and Security (WPS). Oxford: Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).
Olsson, Louise (2017) Same Peace, Different Quality? The importance of Security Equality for Quality Peace, in Joshi, Madhav; & Peter Wallensteen, eds, Understanding Quality Peace. Milton Park and New York: Routledge.
Kolås, Åshild & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2017) Introduction: Women, Peace and Security in Review, in Åshild Kolås, ed., Women, Peace and Security: from Civil War to Post-Conflict Reconstruction. Abingdon: Routledge (1-8).
Olsson, Louise & Erika Forsberg (2016) Gender inequality and internal conflict, in Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lemaitre, Julieta & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Structural Remedies and the One Million Pesos: On the Limits of Court-Ordered Social Change for Internally Displaced Women in Colombia, in Rubenstein, Kim; & Katharine G. Young, eds, The Public Law of Gender from the Local to the Global. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (99–122).
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2016) The gender(ed) impact of the Peacebuilding Architecture, in de Coning, Cedric; & Eli Stamnes, eds, UN Peacebuilding Architecture. the first 10 years. London and New York: Routledge (97–108).
Demetriou, Olga & Maria Hadjipavlou (2016) Engendering the Post-Liberal Peace in Cyprus: UNSC Resolution 1325 as a Tool, in Richmond, Oliver P.; & Sandra Pogodda, eds, Post-Liberal Peace Transitions: Between Peace Formation and State Formation. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press (83–104).
Olsson, Louise; Anita Schjølset & Frida Möller (2015) Women’s participation in international operations and missions, in Gizelis, Theodora-Ismene; & Louise Olsson, eds, Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UN Resolution 1325. Milton Park and New York: Routledge.
Urdal, Henrik & Primus Che Chi (2015) War and Gender Inequalities in Health, in Gizelis , Theodora-Ismene; & Louise Olsson, eds, Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325. Abingdon: Routledge (116–137).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2015) From IDPs to Victims in Colombia: A Bottom-Up Reading of Law in Post-Conflict Transitions, in Saul, Matthew; & James A. Sweeney, eds, International Law and Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy. London and New York: Routledge (251–271).
Hudson, Heidi (2015) Untangling the gendering of the security-development nexus, in Paul Jackson, ed., Handbook of International Security and Development. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing (47–63).
Nordås, Ragnhild & Siri Aas Rustad (2015) Assessing Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers, in Olsson, Louise; & Theodora-Ismene Gizelis , eds, Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UNSCR 1325. London: Taylor & Francis (138–162).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2015) Women, War, Violence and Peacemaking – International Developments, in Kjersti Ericsson, ed., Women in War: Examples from Norway and Beyond. London: Ashgate (217–236).
Nordås, Ragnhild & Lars Morten Bjørkholt (2014) Seksualisert vold i krig of konflikt [Sexualized violence in war and conflict], in Anita Schjølset, ed., Gender i Forsvaret. Oslo: Abstrakt Forlag (243–272).
Demetriou, Olga (2014) Situating Loss in the Greek-Turkish Encounter in Cyprus, in Vally Lytra, ed., When Greeks and Turks Meet: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Relationship Since 1923. Farnham: Ashgate (45–64).
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2014) FNs sikkerhetsrådsresolusjon 1325 om kvinner, fred og sikkerhet, in Gender i Forsvaret. Fra teorit til praksis. Oslo: abstrakt forlag (95–124).
Upadhyaya, Anjoo Sharan & Afreen Khan (2013) Millennium Development Goals and the Status of Nepalese Women, in Anjoo Sharan Upadhyaya, ed., Nepal in Transition to Democracy. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2012) Conceptualizing Sexual Violence Perpetrators in War, in Bergsmo, Morten; Alf Butenschøn Skre; & Elisabeth J. Wood, eds, Understanding and Proving International Sex Crimes. Beijing: Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher (495–509).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) Sexual Violence in the Post-Yugoslav Wars, in de Jonge Oudraat, Chantal; Helga Hernes; & Kathleen Kuehnast, eds, Women and War: Power and Protection in the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press (65–84).
Olsson, Louise (2008) Resolution 1325 och den Nordiska Snabbinsatsstyrkan, in Anders W. Berggren, ed., Förutsättningar för att verka internationellt - Slutrapport från temaområde Människan i NBF 2004 - 2008. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan.
Syse, Henrik (2008) Krigens etikk - bare for menn? [Ethics of War - for Men Only?], in Skjeie, Hege; Inger Skjelsbæk; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, Kjønn, krig, konflikt. Oslo: PAX (92–102).
Hernes, Helga (2008) De nye krigene i et kjønnsperspektiv [The New Wars in a Gender Perspective], in Skjeie, Hege; Inger Skjelsbæk; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, Kjønn, krig. konflikt. Oslo, Norway: PAX (17–32).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2008) Kjønn og vold i krigssonen [Gender and Violence in the War Zone], in Skjeie, Hege; Inger Skjelsbæk; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, Kjønn, krig og konflikt. Oslo, Norway: PAX (46–59).
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2008) Kvinner, fred og sikkerhet - en ny dagsorden i FN [Women, Peace and Security - A New UN Agenda], in Skjeie, Hege; Inger Skjelsbæk; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, Kjønn, krig, konflikt. Oslo, Norway: PAX (138–152).
Tønnesson, Stein (2008) Hva er nytt i krig? [What's New in War?], in Skjeie, Hege; Inger Skjelsbæk; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, Kjønn, krig, konflikt. Oslo: PAX (127–137).
Olsson, Louise (2005) The Namibian Peace Operation in a Gender Context, in Mazurana, Dyan; Angela Angela Raven-Roberts; & Jane Parpart, eds, Gender, Conflict, and Peacekeeping. Boulder & Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.

Edited Volume

Kolås, Åshild (ed.) (2017) Women, Peace and Security in Nepal: From Civil War to Post-Conflict Reconstruction. London and New York: Routledge.
Kolås, Åshild (ed.) (2017) Women, Peace and Security in Northeast India. New Delhi: Zubaan Books.
Gizelis, Theodora-Ismene; & Louise Olsson, eds, (2015) Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UN Resolution 1325. Milton Park and New York: Routledge.
Hernes, Helga; Kathleen Kuehnast; & Chantal de Jonge Oudraat, eds, (2011) Women and War: Power and Protection in the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace.
Skjelsbæk, Inger; Hege Skjeie; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, (2008) Kjønn, Krig og Konflikt [Gender, War, Conflict]. Oslo, Norway: PAX.
Olsson, Louise; & Torunn L. Tryggestad, eds, (2001) Women and International Peacekeeping. London & Portland: Frank Cass Publishers. Cass Series on Peacekeeping.
Tryggestad, Torunn L.; & Kari Karamé, eds, (2000) Gender Perspectives on Peace and Conflict Studies. Oslo.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Wallacher, Hilde (2009) Gender in Community Consultations, The Journal of ERW and Mine Action 12(2).
Carling, Jørgen (2005) Trafficking in Women from Nigeria to Europe, Migration Information Source.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2003) The Role of Gender in South Asian Conflict Zones, Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 9(4): 387–389.

Popular Article

Lorentzen, Jenny (2016) Dagen derpå for likestilling i utenrikspolitikken med Trump som president, Dagsavisen Nye Meninger, 17 November.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2015) From IDPs to Victims in Colombia: Transition from Humanitarian Crisis through Law Reform?, Reliefweb, 1 December.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kjersti Lohne (2015) What's wrong with the idea that 'robots don't rape'?, Open Democracy, 1 November.
Hatay, Mete (2015) Osmanlı ve İngiliz Döneminde Toplumsal Cinsiyet [The Gender Politics During Ottoman and British period], Poli, Havadis Newspaper, 27.09.2015, 27 September.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kjersti Lohne (2015) Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Killing the ‘Robots-don’t-Rape’ Argument, IntLawGrrls, 5 August.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2015) Beyond Sexual Violence: Gendered Political Insecurity as a Threat to Peace, IntLawGrrls, 8 April.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Inger Skjelsbæk (2012) Kvinner skaper endring [Women create change], Flyktningregnskapet 2012, 20 June.
Skjelsbæk, Inger & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2011) Gledelig Fredspris [A Peace Prize to Celebrate], Dagbladet, 7 October.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2011) Kvinners kropp som slagmark [Women's Bodies as Battlefields], UNICEF Magasinet, 1 June.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2011) Ingen fred utan kvinner [No Peace Without Women], Nye Meninger, 19 Jan, 19 January.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2007) Kvinner i Kamp [Women in Battle], Morgenbladet, 24 August.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2007) Likestilt til å delta [Equal Right of Participation], Dagbladet, 19 Aug, 19 August.
Hernes, Helga; Inger Skjelsbæk & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2006) Fred og fattigdom [Peace and Poverty], Dagbladet, 10 Dec, 10 December.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2006) Tiden neppe inne for en kvinne [Time is Hardly Ripe for a Woman], Dagsavisen, 16 Jul, 16 July.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Inger Skjelsbæk (2005) Det kvinnelige sikkerhetsbegrep [The Female Concept of Security], Morgenbladet, 2 December.

PRIO Report

Lemaitre, Julieta; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; & Juliana Vargas Gómez (2014) Organización comunitaria y derechos humanos. La movilización legal de las mujeres desplazadas en Colombia. [Community organization and human rights. Legal mobilization of displaced women in Colombia.], PRIO Report, 10. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).
Lemaitre, Julieta; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; Eva Sol López; Juan Pablo Mosquera; Juliana Vargas Gómez; & Patricia Guerrero (2014) Sueño de vida digna” La Liga de Mujeres Desplazadas: Estudio de caso en mejores prácticas de organización de base para el goce efectivo de derechos. [Dream about a decent life. The League of Displaced Women: A Case Study of best practices organization based on the full enjoyment of rights], PRIO Report, 7. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).
Lemaitre, Julieta; Eva Sol López; Juan Pablo Mosquera; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; & Juliana Vargas Gómez (2014) De desplazados a víctimas. Los cambios legales y la participación de la Mesa de Víctimas de Mocoa, Putumayo. [Displaced victims. Legal changes and involvement of the Bureau of Victims of Mocoa, Putumayo.], PRIO Report, 8. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).
Lemaitre, Julieta; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; Luz Estella Romero Villalba; Ana Manuela Ochoa Arias; Valentina González Villegas; & Sandra Vargas Mahecha (2014) Defensoras de derechos humanos Tres estudios de casos de ONG y su respuesta al desplazamiento forzado [Human rights defenders, Three studies of NGO's and response to forced displacement], PRIO Report, 9. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).

Conference Paper

Lohne, Kjersti & Anette Bringedal Houge (2016) The fight against impunity: The construction of a panacea for sexual violence in conflict?, presented at International Studies Association, Atlanta, 18 March.
Lorentzen, Jenny (2016) Appropriation and Localization of Gender Equality Norms in Post-Genocide Rwanda, presented at Gender Equality Norms and the Politics of Development Cooperation, Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Copenhagen, 19 May 2016.
Østby, Gudrun; Henrik Urdal; Andreas Forø Tollefsen; Andreas Kotsadam; Ragnhild Belbo & Christin Marsh Ormhaug (2015) Armed conflict and maternal health care Micro-level evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa., presented at the Annual Convention of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA, 3–6 September.
Østby, Gudrun (2014) Violence Begets Violence: Armed Conflict and Domestic Sexual Violence in Sub-Saharan Africa, presented at SVAC (Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict) Workshop, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 2–3 September.
Manchanda, Rita (2013) Changing Dynamics of Gender, Power and Peace: Challenges in Building a Transformative Peace in South Asia, presented at AISC-JNU Conference on Gender and Peacebuilding: Recasting Women's Agency, New Delhi, 12 December 2013.
Shrestha, Gitta; Åshild Kolås & Bishnu Raj Upreti (2013) Making Women Count for Peace: Gender, Empowerment and Conflict in Nepal, presented at the conference on ‘The Gender Dimensions of Armed Violence’, The Graduate Institute, Geneva, 25 February 2013.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Structural Litigation during Ongoing Conflict: The Constitutional Court and Displaced Women’s Organizations in Colombia, presented at Law and Society Association, annual Meeting, Boston, 2 June 2013.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2013Does Legal Mobilization Work in Conflict Zones? A Study of Displaced Women’s Organizations in Colombia, presented at Law and Society Association, annual meeting.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2012 Identification and Financial Inclusion: Gendering the biometric enrolment of homeless in Delhi, presented at 2012 annual NFU conference: Development for a Finite Planet: Grassroots perspectives and responses to climate change, resource extraction and economic development, , .
Urdal, Henrik (2010) Civil War and Gender Inequalities in Health: The Influence of War on Fertility, presented at International Studies Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, LO, 17 February.
Schjølset, Anita 2010 The Gender Gap in the Armed Forces: Exploring Female Representation Across NATO Countries, presented at International Studies Association (ISA), , 18 February.

PRIO Policy Brief

Strømmen, Ester E.J. (2017) Jihadi Brides or Female Foreign Fighters? Women in Da’esh – from Recruitment to Sentencing, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy & Elin Martine Doeland (2016) Introducing a Women’s Empowerment Agenda from Abroad? Gender and Stability in Somalia, PRIO Policy Brief, 13. Oslo: PRIO.
Upreti, Bishnu Raj & Åshild Kolås (2016) Women in Nepal’s Transition, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2016) The Women, Peace and Security Agenda – 15 Years On, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Hansen, Julie Marie (2016) Women Building Peace after Forced Migration: The Case of the Myanmar Diaspora in Norway, GPS Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger; Nora Sveaass & Rikke Marie Gjerde Kvaale (2015) Therapeutic Prosecutions?, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Kolås, Åshild (2015) Women's Empowerment in India: From participation to political agency, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2015) Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Processes (DDR): The Gender Asset, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Hernes, Helga (2014) Global Aspects of Women’s Participation, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Ormhaug, Christin Marsh (2014) National Action Plans on Women, Peace and Security in the OSCE Area, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo, Norway: PRIO.
Nordås, Ragnhild (2013) Preventing Conflict-related Sexual Violence, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Cohen, Dara Kay & Ragnhild Nordås (2012) Sexual Violence by Militias in African Conflicts: Not a question of ‘delegation’ by states, CSCW Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: CSCW.
Cohen, Dara Kay & Ragnhild Nordås (2012) Sexual Violence in African Conflicts, 1989–2009: What the data show, CSCW Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: CSCW.
Nordås, Ragnhild (2012) Sexual Violence on the Decline? Recent debates and evidence suggest ‘unlikely’, CSCW Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: CSCW.
Atli, Mine; Olga Demetriou; Umut Bozkurt; Maria Hadjipavlou; Biran Mertan; Yiouli Taki; Magda Zenon & Rana Zincir Celal (2012) Women's Peace: Recommendations of the Gender Advisory Team (GAT) on the peace negotiations in Cyprus, PRIO Cyprus Centre Policy Brief, 1. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Wallacher, Hilde (2012) The Abatangamuco - Engaging men for Women's Empowerment in Burundi, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Østby, Gudrun & Henrik Urdal (2011) Education and Conflict: What the Evidence Says, CSCW Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Nordås, Ragnhild (2011) Sexual Violence in African Conflicts, CSCW Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Falch, Åshild (2010) Affirmative Action: A Kick-Start with Limitations, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Falch, Åshild (2010) Women's Organizations: A Driving Force Behind Women's Participation and Rights, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Chun, Suk & Inger Skjelsbæk (2010) Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2010) The UN Peacebuilding Commission and Women: What Role for Norway?, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.
Chun, Suk (2009) Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by UN Peacekeepers, PRIO Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.
Wallacher, Hilde & Kjell Erling Kjellman (2008) Gender Mainstreaming in Mine Action in Conflict Situations, PRIO Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.
Wallacher, Hilde (2007) Gender Mainstreaming in Mine Action, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Meitei, Leitanthem Umakanta (2016) Voyages of Women in Manipur: Towards a peaceful society, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2016) Gender Dimensions of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR), PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Hedayat, Lida Nadery & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2014) Where Do Afghan Women Stand on Education and Economic Empowerment?, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Wallacher, Hilde (2012) Engaging Men - The Abatangamuco and Women's Empowerment in Burundi, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Mochmann, Ingvill C. & Ingeborg K. Haavardsson (2012) The Legacy of War Time Rape: Mapping Key Concepts and Issues, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Schjølset, Anita (2010) NATO and the Women: Exploring the Gender Gap in the Armed Forces, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Ormhaug, Christin Marsh; Patrick Meier & Helga Hernes (2009) Armed Conflict Deaths Disaggregated by Gender, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Dupuy, Kendra (2008) Gender Mainstreaming in Mine Action: The Ethiopian Case, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Miklian, Jason (2013) Gender, Empowerment and Conflict: Experiences from Nepal, MWCP Worskhop Report. Oslo: PRIO.
Kolås, Åshild; & Legia Lyngdoh (2012) Gender, Empowerment and Conflict: Experiences from Northeast India, Workshop on Gender, Empowerment and Conflict. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (2010) The Elephant in the Room: An Overview of How Sexual Violence came to be Seen as a Weapon of War, Report to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Lorentzen, Jenny (2016) Gender and Culture in Transitional Justice: Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts, Gender-Just Peace and Transitional Justice Working Paper Series, 2. Lund University.
Gopinath, Meenakshi; & Nidhi Bhatnagar (2015) Women and Peacebuilding: Engendering Policy, WISCOMP Policy Dialogue, 3. New Delhi: WISCOMP - Foundation for Universal Responsibility.
Carling, Jørgen (2005) Gender Dimensions of International Migration, Global Migration Perspectives, 35. .

Newsletter

Hansen, Julie Marie & Jenny Lorentzen (2017) PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update - September 2017, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2017: PRIO.
Hansen, Julie Marie & Jenny Lorentzen (2017) Empowering Survivors of Sexual Violence in DR Congo, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2017: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2016) Women Engaging in Islamic Charity as ‘Development Agents’, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2016: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2016) DDR through a Gender Lens in Nepal and Myanmar, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2016: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2016) Integrating Gender into Foreign Policy, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2016: PRIO.
Hansen, Julie Marie & Jenny Lorentzen (2016) Gender and Inclusion in the Colombian Peace Process, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2016: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny; Torunn L. Tryggestad & Julie Marie Hansen (2015) Somali Women’s Civic Engagement: Past, Present and Future, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2015: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny; Torunn L. Tryggestad & Julie Marie Hansen (2015) Women’s Legal Mobilisation in a Violent Context: Lessons from internally displaced women’s organisations in Colombia, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2015: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2015) PRIO Launches New Centre on Gender, Peace and Security, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2015: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2015) 15 Years of UNSC Resolution 1325, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2015: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2014) The Role and Relevance of Gender in Peace Mediation, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2014: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2014) Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2014: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2014) First Woman Appointed as UN Force Commander, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2014: PRIO.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2014) Symposium on Women’s Rights and Empowerment in Afghanistan, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2014: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2013) Launch of New Initiative: Gender and Mediation Seminar, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2013: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2013) Women, Power and Politics: The Road to Sustainable Democracy, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2013: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2013) The Missing Peace Symposium 2013, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2013: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2013) New Project at PRIO on National Action Plans, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2013: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L.; Jenny Lorentzen & Halvor Berggrav (2012) The Political Psychology of War Rape, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2012: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2012) Engaging Men for Women's Empowerment, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2012: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2012) Gender, Empowerment and Conflict in South Asia, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2012: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Jenny Lorentzen (2012) Claims About Global Decline in Sexual Violence Spark Debate, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2012: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Hilde Wallacher (2011) New Strategic Plan on Women, Peace and Security launched by Norwegian MFA, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2011: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Halvor Berggrav (2011) Nobel Days in Oslo, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2011: PRIO.
Wallacher, Hilde & Torunn L. Tryggestad (2011) UN Special Rapporteur Margot Wallström Visits PRIO, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2011: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Suk Chun (2010) Men Must Get Involved in Fighting Violence Against Women, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2010: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Suk Chun (2010) 'We Want Strong Links to Civil Society', PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2010: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Suk Chun (2010) 'Women's Inclusion Has Become a Global Security Imperative', PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2010: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Suk Chun (2010) 'Does Affirmative Action Make a Change?', PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2010: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Suk Chun (2010) 'Women Count for Peace', PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2010: PRIO.
Tryggestad, Torunn L. & Suk Chun (2010) Mythbusting: Are Women the Main Victims of Armed Conflict?, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2010: PRIO.

Book Review

Lorentzen, Jenny (2013) Review of Olivera Simic, Regulation of sexual conduct in UN peacekeeping operations, in NOREF Book Review .
Kolås, Åshild (2008) Review of Charlene Makley, ed., The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, in Asian Studies Review 32(4): 537–539.

Blog Posts

Why Aren’t Sexual Exploitation & Abuse and Gender-Based Violence Treated the Same Way in Peace and Humanitarian Operations?

Posted by Alicia Luedke & Jasmine-Kim Westendorf on Monday, 20 November 2017

The recent #MeToo hashtag and associated social media storm highlighted the extensiveness of sexual abuse and harassment and the exploitation of women and girls (and in some cases men and boys) by those in positions of power. It showed that the problem does not come down to a few “bad ... Read more »

“No backsliding” on Women’s Inclusion in Peace Mediation

Posted by Julie Marie Hansen, Kristin Lund, Laura Mitchell, Hilde Salvesen, Rita Sandberg, Elisabeth Slåttum & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Friday, 27 October 2017

Last week, Norway made history with Ine Eriksen Søreide becoming the country’s first female foreign minister. Even in relatively gender-equal countries like Norway it is still rare to find women holding top positions in the so-called “hard issue” sectors of foreign affairs and peace and security. Barriers to the full ... Read more »

Alva Myrdal, Research, and Nuclear Disarmament

Posted by Louise Olsson on Monday, 2 October 2017

The time for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize is coming up, and as identified by PRIO’s Director, there are many worthy laureates. 35 years ago, Alva Myrdal (1902-1986) received the prize for her work with nuclear disarmament – a question that has unfortunately resurfaced and is again a likely theme for the peace ... Read more »

Education and Systematic Group Inequalities in Nigeria

Posted by Siri Camilla Aas Rustad & Gudrun Østby on Thursday, 14 September 2017

On the night between 14 and 15 April, 2014, 276 girls were kidnapped by Boko Haram from their school in Chibok in Borno State in Northeastern Nigeria. The Islamist terrorist group does not believe that girls should attend school, and these girls were targeted precisely because they were in school. However, conservative views on gender and education is only ... Read more »

Jihadi Brides or Female Foreign Fighters? Women in Da’esh

Posted by Ester E. J. Strømmen on Friday, 7 July 2017

Da’esh has stunned the world with its gross human rights abuses, gendered violence, and practices of sexual slavery, and yet, the organization has attracted a large amount of female recruits. Women who have joined Da’esh have been met with a storm of disbelief and gendered commentary, and have even been designated their own term – ‘jihadi brides’. A recent policy ... Read more »

Peace Diplomacy: Finding Entry Points for Female Mediators

Posted by Isak Svensson on Monday, 3 April 2017

The Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallström has invested in a network of female mediators to strengthen women’s roles in peace and reconstruction processes. However, it is not just the supply of female mediators that is the problem, but the demand as well. Where can opportunities be found for women to ... Read more »

Why Trump Is Bad News for Gender Equality in Foreign Policy

Posted by Jenny Lorentzen on Friday, 18 November 2016

While 2015 was in many ways a year of celebration for women’s participation in international politics, 2016 on the other hand seems to be a year of disappointments. What will happen to women’s participation and gender equality in foreign policy when Donald Trump becomes the next President of the United ... Read more »

In War, Not All Violence is Equal

Posted by Alisa Mujanic on Tuesday, 30 August 2016

The use of military force may reduce killings, but not necessarily sexual violence. On 19 June this year, the UN marked the very first International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict. Meanwhile, women and men continue to be subjected to sexual violence on a daily basis in ... Read more »

It’s Time to Open our Eyes to Women’s Involvement in Peace Processes

Posted by Elin Martine Doeland on Monday, 13 June 2016

Women are central contributors to peace processes. But the crucial roles that women play in transitions from war to peace are rarely acknowledged. The focus on the negotiating table and formal politics – the diplomatic aspects of conflict resolution – is a too narrow understanding of peace processes. Recent case ... Read more »

The Women, Peace and Security Agenda - 15 Years On

Posted by Torunn L. Tryggestad on Monday, 15 February 2016

The Global Study on the Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325. In the context of the UN and global governance, 2015 was truly ‘a year of reviews’. The Global Study on the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (UNSCR 1325) was one of ... Read more »

The Gender Asset in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Processes (DDR)

Posted by Wenche Iren Hauge on Monday, 8 February 2016

The Potentials of Changing Gender Patterns. Both genders – female and male – can be actors as well as victims in armed conflict, depending on the context. Changed gender roles among ex-combatants of armed groups constitute a potential source of change towards more balanced gender relations in the larger post-conflict ... Read more »

Myanmar: What now for Women and Minorities?

Posted by Iselin Frydenlund on Thursday, 17 December 2015

Will Aung San Suu Kyi dare to engage in a direct confrontation with religious nationalism and insist that the new parliament reconsider Myanmar’s laws on
 race and religion? Doing so could cost her dearly. Sexual violence Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) has been in a continuous state of civil war ... Read more »

An Academic New Year’s Resolution for Colombia: Understanding Continued Gendered Violence as a Threat to Positive Peace

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 16 December 2015

Over the last decade, Colombia has been host to the world’s largest population of internally displaced people (IDP). In 2016, it is expected that the Colombian government and FARC will reach a peace agreement, marking the formal end of more than 50 years of civil war. It is widely recognized ... Read more »

Research Training in Eastern Congo

Posted by Gudrun Østby on Thursday, 3 December 2015

I have just returned from two weeks in Congo. PRIO colleagues Ragnhild Nordås, Siri Aas Rustad and I held project meetings with our local partner. Most of our time in Congo, however, was spent teaching how to conduct research. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is often described as one ... Read more »

What’s Wrong with the Idea that ‘Robots don’t Rape’?

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Kjersti Lohne on Wednesday, 2 December 2015

The politics of rape denunciation is fast becoming the politics of lobbyists, vendors and military manufacturers seeking access to new customers and markets. The recognition of wartime rape as a fundamental violation of international law has been a hard-fought victory. Ending rape and other forms of sexual violence in war ... Read more »

The Time Has Come for Dr. Denis Mukwege to Win the Nobel Peace Prize

Posted by Gudrun Østby & Ragnhild Nordås on Thursday, 8 October 2015

Last year the Congolese gynecologist Dr. Denis Mukwege was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, and he has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize several years in a row, frequently hailed among the favorites. Tomorrow the winner of the prize for 2015 will be announced. We think ... Read more »

The Next UN Secretary-General: Everything Points Towards a Woman

Posted by Torunn L. Tryggestad on Friday, 25 September 2015

The High Level week of the 70th Session of the UN General Assembly opened this week. Important issues will be debated and decisions made, which in turn will establish guidelines for the UN’s image and operations in the coming years. Next year’s election of a new Secretary-General is lurking in ... Read more »

Cracking the Glass Ceiling: Hillary Rodham Clinton and U.S. presidential politics

Posted by Hilde E. Restad on Wednesday, 26 August 2015

In a now legendary 2008 Saturday Night Live skit, comedians Amy Poehler and Tina Fey opened the show by imitating Republican vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin and unsuccessful Democratic contender for the nomination Hillary Clinton, respectively. The skit could have been a harmless imitation game, with Fey and Poehler simply ... Read more »

Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Killing the ‘Robots-don’t-Rape’ Argument

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Kjersti Lohne on Thursday, 13 August 2015

Earlier this spring, we debated a law professor who insisted that lethal autonomous weapons (LAWS) could clean up war. The professor posited that a war fought with autonomous weapons would be a war without rape. Taking humans out of the loop would, the argument goes, lead to more humane war. ... Read more »

Women’s Empowerment in India

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Monday, 11 May 2015

From participation to political agency Women’s empowerment and equal participation in political life is important at all levels of Indian society. Despite benefitting from reservations, women frequently experience obstacles when they participate in politics. However, to address women’s aspirations for political agency we should explore the emerging opportunities, and not ... Read more »

Therapeutic Prosecutions?

Posted by Inger Skjelsbæk, Nora Sveaass & Rikke Marie Gjerde Kvale on Wednesday, 6 May 2015

Assessing the therapeutic potential of criminal prosecution of international crimes at the International Criminal Court (ICC). Over the past twenty years, the global community has shown a renewed commitment to the pursuit of international criminal justice. A hallmark development in this regard is the establishment of the permanent International Criminal ... Read more »

Tainted by Stigma

Posted by Inger Skjelsbæk on Tuesday, 21 April 2015

Imagine being at a dinner party with friends. Some you know from before and some are new to you. You are served a welcome drink, smile, and begin to greet the other guests. The conversation starts amicably with exchanges about the weather, where you are from, recent events and perhaps ... Read more »

Beyond Sexual Violence: Gendered Political Insecurity as a Threat to Peace

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Julieta Lemaitre on Monday, 13 April 2015

Based on extensive field research in Colombia, our new article “Beyond Sexual Violence in Transitional Justice: Political Insecurity as a Gendered Harm” examines political insecurity as a specifically gendered harm that must be addressed in the ongoing Colombian transitional justice process. In a previous blogpost we described the tragic plight ... Read more »

How Migration Spurs Battles over Women

Posted by Jørgen Carling on Tuesday, 10 March 2015

(This post was originally published on Jørgen Carling’s personal web site.) Migration affects the lives of women in many ways. One subtle but critical mechanism lies in disputes over ‘who’ migrant women are. Migration researchers can play a role in making the battles apparent and showing how they matter. I ... Read more »

Global Aspects of Women’s Political Participation

Posted by Helga Hernes on Wednesday, 19 November 2014

In the wake of World War II three major political trends have formed international development; the human rights revolution, the diffusion of democracy, and the growing acceptance of gender equality. All three trends have contributed to significant increases in women’s participation, representation and influence. Yet great contrasts persist in women’s ... Read more »

Peace Processes Need Women

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Tuesday, 18 November 2014

International peace processes are dominated by men and men’s perspectives. In general the approaches used have changed little in many decades. The focus is invariably on bringing the conflicting parties to the negotiating table, where their claims to power and strategic positions are renegotiated and defined. Amnesties for brutal attacks ... Read more »

Women and Public Life in the Somali Region

Posted by Maimuna Mohamud on Tuesday, 14 October 2014

Somali women are often perceived as a homogenous social group perpetually living in destitution as victims of mutilation, sexual exploitation, famine, and war. Whilst we must not ignore atrocities committed against them, it is important to demonstrate that Somali women are not passive victims, and to not disregard a history ... Read more »

Filipino Migration is Extraordinary

Posted by Jørgen Carling on Sunday, 3 August 2014

The population of the Philippines is surpassing 100 million in late July 2014. That’s a reminder of the country’s importance in global migration. Emigration generally has the strongest impacts in countries with relatively small populations, such as El Salvador, Armenia and Samoa. In fact, as the scatterplot shows, only five ... Read more »

The British are Impatient to End Sexual Violence in Conflict

Posted by Inger Skjelsbæk on Wednesday, 11 June 2014

A Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict is taking place in London on 10-13 June. World leaders are meeting to discuss ways of combating the use of sexual violence in conflict and of improving efforts to bring perpetrators to justice. This is a historic event. Never before have so ... Read more »

Four Things Everyone should know about Wartime Sexual Violence

Posted by Ragnhild Nordås on Tuesday, 10 June 2014

Later this week, ministers from more than 140 countries, along with an estimated 1,500 invited delegates, are gathering in London for the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict. The summit — the largest gathering of its type — is co-chaired by British Foreign Secretary William Hague and the ... Read more »

Female Empowerment in DR Congo

Posted by Maral Mirshahi on Tuesday, 1 April 2014

In January 2014 PRIO researchers Gudrun Østby and Ragnhild Nordås went on a two-week fieldtrip to Bukavu, the capital of South Kivu, DRC. The main purpose of the visit was to launch the new collaborative project, “Female Empowerment in Eastern DRC”, funded by the Research Council of Norway. This project ... Read more »