Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert

Research Director, Senior Researcher

Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert
Email: margab@prio.org
Work phone: 22 54 77 52
Twitter: @MariaGJumbert

Research Interests

 
·   EU border security policies in the Mediterranean: competing narratives on migration, humanitarian needs and border control
·   Security and humanitarian surveillance technologies: legal framework, political and ethical challenges
·   Humanitarian crises and their internationalization: new tools of communication, changing forms of media coverage, agenda-setting, international mobilization and shaping of crisis narratives, and the emerging or challenging norms of international responsibilities in internal crises (R2P, Protection of civilians, etc.)
·   Rising powers' involvement in humanitarianism and peacekeeping: the case of Brazil
·   Conflict dynamics in Sudan and East Africa

Background

Currently:
​Director, Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies (NCHS)
Member of PRIO Board (2016-2018)
​​​​​​​​​​Working experience:
Jan. 2011-present: Senior Researcher, PRIO
2006-2010: Doctoral researcher, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (CERI), SciencesPo, Paris
2009-2011: Lecturer, Master of Conflict Analysis and Peacebuilding, Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Sciences Po, Lille
2007 and 2009: Guest researcher at Cedej, Khartoum
2005 and 2007: Guest researcher at NUPI, Oslo                     
2008: Visiting Scholar at SIPA, Columbia University, New York  
  
University lecturing:
2009-2011, Sciences Po Lille: Courses on International Relations, Conflict Analysis and Peacebuilding and Mediatization of Conflicts
2008-2011, SciencesPo Paris: Courses on World Politics, International Relations and International Management of Armed Conflicts
 
Other:
2004-2009: Correspondent for Morgenbladet (Norwegian weekly)
2004: Journalist, Al Ahram Weekly, International desk, Cairo
2005-2006: Assistant to the permanent delegate, Norwegian Delegation to UNESCO, Paris

Education:
·         Ph.D., Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris/SciencesPo (2010)
Dissertation title:  “The internationalization of the Sudanese conflicts: from South-Sudan to Darfur. Agenda-setting, mobilization and qualifications”
·         Research Master, Political science of international relations, Institut d’études politiques de Paris/SciencesPo (2006)
·         Master, International Affairs, Major in Security and Conflict Resolution, Institut d’études politiques de Paris/SciencesPo (2005)
·         Undergraduate degrees in Sociology (UiO, 2001), development studies (HiO, 2002), and International relations (SciencesPo, 2003)    
 
Languages:
Fluent: Norwegian, French, English
Intermediate: Arabic, German

Events

PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

Publications

 

Recent publications

All publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Cezne, Eric; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Drones como Veículos para a Ação Humanitária: Perspectivas, Oportunidades e Desafios [[Drones as vehicles for humanitarian action: perspectives, opportunities and challenges]], Conjuntura Austral 7(3334): 45–60.
Gilboa, Eytan; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; Jason Miklian & Piers Robinson (2016) Moving Media and Conflict Studies Beyond the CNN Effect (forthcoming), Review of International Studies.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2015) Les drones humanitaires [Humanitarian drones], RIS La Revue Internationale Et Strategique 98(2): 139–146.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; John Karlsrud & Mareile Kaufmann (2014) Humanitarian technology: a critical research agenda, International Review of the Red Cross. DOI: 10.1017/S1816383114000344.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & John Karlsrud (2014) Ny humanitær teknologi - en kritisk forskningsagenda, Internasjonal Politikk(2): 224–233.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2014) How Sudan’s ’rogue’ state label shaped US responses to the Darfur conflict: what’s the problem and who’s in charge? , Third World Quarterly 35(2): 284–299.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2013) Controlling the Mediterranean Space through Surveillance: The Politics and Discourse of Surveillance as an All-encompassing Solution to EU Maritime Border Management Issues, Espace Populations Sociétés 2012(3): 35–48.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & David Lanz (2013) Globalised Rebellion: The Darfur insurgents and the world, Journal of Modern African Studies 51(2): 193–217.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2007) La Sécurité humaine et l’internationalisation des conflits intra-étatiques : le cas du conflit au Sud-Soudan [Human security and the internationalization of intra-state conflicts: the case of the conflict in South Sudan], Human Security Journal 3(2).

Book Chapter

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2016) Creating the EU Drone: Control, Sorting and Search and Rescue at Sea, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone (Forthcoming). London: Routledge .
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Introduction: What Does It Take to Be Good?, in The Good Drone. London: Ashgate .
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2015) Activist Mobilization and the Internationalization of the Darfur Crisis, in Casciarri, Barbara ; Munzoul A. M. Assal; & Francois Ireton, eds, Multidimensional Change In Sudan (1989–2011): Reshaping Livelihoods, Conflicts and Identities. New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books .
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen(2012) Rapports du Secrétaire Général sur le Soudan, in Albaret, Mélanie, ed., Les Grandes Résolutions Du Conseil De Sécurité Des Nations Unies. : Editions Dalloz(399–408).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2008) Darfour, Les réponses internationales à la crise [Darfur: the international responses to the crisis], in Ramsès 2009. Paris: Dunod (198–200).

Edited Volume

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, (2016) The Good Drone. London: Ashgate.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; Kristian Hoelscher; Benjamin de Carvalho & Pinar Tank (2014) Brazil: An Aspiring Global Power, Government Gazette.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2008) Mobilisations pour le Sud-Soudan et le Darfour : Émergence d’un mouvement transnational [Mobilizations for South Sudan and Darfur: an emerging transnational movement], Outre Terre 3(20): 391–403.

Popular Article

Tank, Pinar & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2016) Flyktningavtalen mellom EU og Tyrkia er kostbar - særlig for flyktningene [The EU-Turkey Deal is Costly - Especially for the Refugees], Aftenposten.
Leira, Torkjell & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2015) Bistandsparadokset Brasil [The Brazilian Aid Paradox], Dagsavisen.
Sagmo, Tove Heggli ; Marta Bivand Erdal; Rojan Tordhol Ezzati; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2015) Innvandringsdebatt på feil premisser [Wrong premises for the debate about immigration into Europe], NRK Ytring.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & Cindy Horst (2015) En byrde ingen vil bære [A burden no one wants to bear], Dagsavisen.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2015) Et nærblikk på grenseovervåkningen i Middelhavet [A Close-up on Border Control in the Meditteranean], Ny Tid.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2015) Terroraksjoner i sosiale medier [Terror attacks in social media], Dagbladet.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2014) Flytkningene er et felles ansvar [Refugees are a shared responsibility], NRK Ytring.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; John Karlsrud & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2014) Bedre nødhjelp [Better aid], Dagens Næringsliv.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & John Karlsrud (2014) Blir humanitære organisasjoner de nye overvåkerne? [Will Humanitarian Organizations Become the New Surveillance Monitors?], Bistandsaktuelt.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; John Karlsrud & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2013) Vil aggressive fredsoperasjoner løse Malis humanitære krise? [Will Aggressive Peace Operations Solve the Humanitarian Crisis in Mali?], Bistandsaktuelt.
Rolandsen, Øystein H.; Ingrid Marie Breidlid & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2012) Sudan and South Sudan: negotiating amidst brinkmanship and armed rebellions, Open Democracy.
Rolandsen, Øystein H.; Ingrid Marie Breidlid & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2012) Tiden renner ut [Time is Running Out], Dagsavisen.

PRIO Policy Brief

Fladvad Nielsen, Brita; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2016) How Can Innovation Deliver Humanitarian Outcomes?, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Overview report on trans-national and European law and regulation relative to maritime border control13.2. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Report on relevant legal, ethical and rights issues on data collection, retention and transmission13.5. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; & Lidén, Kristoffer (2012) International survey of relevant national, EU and intergovernmental security policies13.1. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2009) Post-2011 scenarios in Sudan: What role for the EU?6. Paris: ISS-EU.

Report - External Series

Sondergaard, Susanne; Giacomo Persi Paoli; Kate Robertson; Richard Warnes; Lindsay Clutterbuck; Rocco Bellanova; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; Ingrid Solberg; & Joanna Pilner (2015) TACTICS: Policy and strategic impacts, implications and recommendations, Research Reports. London: RAND.
Kårtveit, Bård; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2014) Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East: A Literature Review, CMI Working Paper, 5. CMI.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & Øystein H. Rolandsen (2013) After the Split: post-secession negotiations between South Sudan and Sudan, NOREF Report. Oslo: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre.
Rolandsen, Øystein H.; Ingrid Marie Breidlid; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2012) Negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan: a two-track process could facilitate agreements on outstanding issues., Noref Article. Oslo: Noref.

Book Review

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Review of Protecting Our Ports: Domestic and International Politics of Containerized Freight Security, in Journal of Peace Research 49(3): .
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen(2007) Review of Making Sense of International Relations Theory .

Blog Posts

The EU-Turkey Refugee Deal is Costly – Especially for the Refugees

Posted by Pinar Tank & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Thursday, 7 April 2016

The agreement reflects the EU’s self-interest just as much as Turkey’s, but takes little account of the interests and rights of the refugees. On Friday 18 March, Turkey and the EU concluded a deal designed to put an end to refugees’ use of the sea route to travel from Turkey to Greece, because the route is costing too many lives, and because the EU and Turkey want to get the flood of refugees under control. The majority of the refugees and migrants who have arrived in Europe in recent months have travelled via this route. The EU’s website claims that ...

The Brazilian Aid Paradox

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Torkjell Leira on Tuesday, 1 December 2015

While the Norwegian overseas aid budget has been debated intensely here at home, Crown Prince Haakon was recently on an official visit in Brazil, from 16-19 November. Brazil is unquestionably the largest recipient of Norwegian aid, while simultaneously donating aid itself to poorer countries. This paradoxical situation tells us much about our changing world and Brazil’s ambitions for great power status. Norwegian Aid to Brazil Over the past five years, Norway has given over NOK 6.5 billion in aid to Brazil. Most of this aid has gone towards environmental measures. When Norway’s minister of climate and environment, Ms Tine Sundtoft, ...

A Close Look at Border Security in the Mediterranean

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Monday, 1 June 2015

The EU’s response to the increased flow of refugees crossing the Mediterranean has been to boost border security by means of Operation Triton, which is the responsibility of Frontex, the EU border agency. There is little one can do, however, to impose effective border controls at sea. Operation Triton does not have a search-and-rescue mandate, even though it is for search-and-rescue that surveillance has the greatest potential to play a positive role. In the fear that search-and-rescue capacity would make it slightly easier for boat refugees to reach Europe, border surveillance operations are being promoted as a more “effective” response. ...

Social Media Responses to this Winter’s Terror Attacks

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Thursday, 23 April 2015

Social media have brought Kenya into focus recently, with people’s reactions to the attack at the University of Garissa spreading on Facebook and Twitter. Social media users have been sharing an image of a candle against a black background, accompanied by the single word “Kenya”. In this way they have demonstrated sympathy for the 148 victims and show that they care. The reactions have been not only to the actual attack, but also to the fact that there was relatively little international attention to it when it happened. Relatively is the crucial word in this context. The massive social media ...

Who is Charlie? And What Now?

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Tuesday, 13 January 2015

On Sunday 11 January France witnessed the largest rally on records of people taking to the streets with close to 4 million people all over the country, of which almost 1,5 million in Paris. The world saw one of the largest gatherings of state leaders in one place outside of those we witness during the annual UN General Assemblies, in what was reportedly a nightmare for the security services. Prior to this, the social media sphere saw one of the largest spreads of a hashtag, with more than 3,4 million #jesuischarlie in less than 24 hours. So who is this ...

Refugees are a Shared Responsibility

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Tuesday, 23 September 2014

A record number of refugees have arrived by boat in southern Europe this summer. Norway should voice its support for a common European solution to the issue of boat migrants crossing the Mediterranean. Last year this would have been front-page news, but now each new arrival – or each refugee boat that is lost at sea – is just one more in a series. Estimates suggest that more than 100,000 refugees have arrived by boat so far this year. This is a dramatic figure. The previous record was 63,000 for the whole of 2011, which was the year the Arab ...

New Technology – Better Disaster Relief?

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, John Karlsrud & Kristin B. Sandvik on Sunday, 17 August 2014

New technology has become central to relief efforts in humanitarian crises. This may make relief efforts more effective, but we can’t assume that the technology will have only a beneficial impact on the recipients of emergency aid. Today, mobile phones, social media, crisis mapping, online volunteering, and pre-paid cards are changing how humanitarian crises are identified, analysed and addressed – and, not least, who the humanitarian responder is. Information technology has become an integral part of crisis response operations: in the wake of  Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines in November 2013, re-establishing internet access was the top priority for humanitarian organisations. ...

Give Us Your Phone and We May Grant You Asylum

Posted by Rocco Bellanova, Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Raphael Gellert on Monday, 17 October 2016

Images of refugees using smartphones have now become common in the Western media landscape, and everybody seems to have learned that refugees and migrants, too, use smartphones. Indicative of this awareness, European governments are now looking into how to make use of these assets in their identity checks and in the processing of asylum seekers’ demands. As such, smartphones are not just a key tool for surviving long and dangerous journeys, but also an asset that makes anyone using it more vulnerable to digital surveillance. In this blog post, we discuss how smartphones are becoming the new best and worst ...

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