· EU border security policies in the Mediterranean: competing narratives on migration, humanitarian needs and border control
· Security and humanitarian surveillance technologies: legal framework, political and ethical challenges
· Humanitarian crises and their internationalization: new tools of communication, changing forms of media coverage, agenda-setting, international mobilization and shaping of crisis narratives, and the emerging or challenging norms of international responsibilities in internal crises (R2P, Protection of civilians, etc.)
· Rising powers' involvement in humanitarianism and peacekeeping: the case of Brazil
· Conflict dynamics in Sudan and East Africa
Director, Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies (NCHS)
Member of PRIO Board (2016-2018)
Jan. 2011-present: Senior Researcher, PRIO
2006-2010: Doctoral researcher, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (CERI), SciencesPo, Paris
2009-2011: Lecturer, Master of Conflict Analysis and Peacebuilding, Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Sciences Po, Lille
2007 and 2009: Guest researcher at Cedej, Khartoum
2005 and 2007: Guest researcher at NUPI, Oslo
2008: Visiting Scholar at SIPA, Columbia University, New York
2009-2011, Sciences Po Lille: Courses on International Relations, Conflict Analysis and Peacebuilding and Mediatization of Conflicts
2008-2011, SciencesPo Paris: Courses on World Politics, International Relations and International Management of Armed Conflicts
2004-2009: Correspondent for Morgenbladet (Norwegian weekly)
2004: Journalist, Al Ahram Weekly, International desk, Cairo
2005-2006: Assistant to the permanent delegate, Norwegian Delegation to UNESCO, Paris
· Ph.D., Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris/SciencesPo (2010)
Dissertation title: “The internationalization of the Sudanese conflicts: from South-Sudan to Darfur. Agenda-setting, mobilization and qualifications”
· Research Master, Political science of international relations, Institut d’études politiques de Paris/SciencesPo (2006)
· Master, International Affairs, Major in Security and Conflict Resolution, Institut d’études politiques de Paris/SciencesPo (2005)
· Undergraduate degrees in Sociology (UiO, 2001), development studies (HiO, 2002), and International relations (SciencesPo, 2003)
Fluent: Norwegian, French, English
Intermediate: Arabic, German
Images of refugees using smartphones have now become common in the Western media landscape, and everybody seems to have learned that refugees and migrants, too, use smartphones. Indicative of this awareness, European governments are now looking into how to make use of these assets in their identity checks and in the processing of asylum seekers’ demands. As such, smartphones are not just a key tool for surviving long and dangerous journeys, but also an asset that makes anyone using it more vulnerable to digital surveillance. In this blog post, we discuss how smartphones are becoming the new best and worst ...
The agreement reflects the EU’s self-interest just as much as Turkey’s, but takes little account of the interests and rights of the refugees. On Friday 18 March, Turkey and the EU concluded a deal designed to put an end to refugees’ use of the sea route to travel from Turkey to Greece, because the route is costing too many lives, and because the EU and Turkey want to get the flood of refugees under control. The majority of the refugees and migrants who have arrived in Europe in recent months have travelled via this route. The EU’s website claims that ...
Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Torkjell Leira on Tuesday, 1 December 2015
While the Norwegian overseas aid budget has been debated intensely here at home, Crown Prince Haakon was recently on an official visit in Brazil, from 16-19 November. Brazil is unquestionably the largest recipient of Norwegian aid, while simultaneously donating aid itself to poorer countries. This paradoxical situation tells us much about our changing world and Brazil’s ambitions for great power status. Norwegian Aid to Brazil Over the past five years, Norway has given over NOK 6.5 billion in aid to Brazil. Most of this aid has gone towards environmental measures. When Norway’s minister of climate and environment, Ms Tine Sundtoft, ...
The EU’s response to the increased flow of refugees crossing the Mediterranean has been to boost border security by means of Operation Triton, which is the responsibility of Frontex, the EU border agency. There is little one can do, however, to impose effective border controls at sea. Operation Triton does not have a search-and-rescue mandate, even though it is for search-and-rescue that surveillance has the greatest potential to play a positive role. In the fear that search-and-rescue capacity would make it slightly easier for boat refugees to reach Europe, border surveillance operations are being promoted as a more “effective” response. ...
Social media have brought Kenya into focus recently, with people’s reactions to the attack at the University of Garissa spreading on Facebook and Twitter. Social media users have been sharing an image of a candle against a black background, accompanied by the single word “Kenya”. In this way they have demonstrated sympathy for the 148 victims and show that they care. The reactions have been not only to the actual attack, but also to the fact that there was relatively little international attention to it when it happened. Relatively is the crucial word in this context. The massive social media ...
On Sunday 11 January France witnessed the largest rally on records of people taking to the streets with close to 4 million people all over the country, of which almost 1,5 million in Paris. The world saw one of the largest gatherings of state leaders in one place outside of those we witness during the annual UN General Assemblies, in what was reportedly a nightmare for the security services. Prior to this, the social media sphere saw one of the largest spreads of a hashtag, with more than 3,4 million #jesuischarlie in less than 24 hours. So who is this ...
A record number of refugees have arrived by boat in southern Europe this summer. Norway should voice its support for a common European solution to the issue of boat migrants crossing the Mediterranean. Last year this would have been front-page news, but now each new arrival – or each refugee boat that is lost at sea – is just one more in a series. Estimates suggest that more than 100,000 refugees have arrived by boat so far this year. This is a dramatic figure. The previous record was 63,000 for the whole of 2011, which was the year the Arab ...
New technology has become central to relief efforts in humanitarian crises. This may make relief efforts more effective, but we can’t assume that the technology will have only a beneficial impact on the recipients of emergency aid. Today, mobile phones, social media, crisis mapping, online volunteering, and pre-paid cards are changing how humanitarian crises are identified, analysed and addressed – and, not least, who the humanitarian responder is. Information technology has become an integral part of crisis response operations: in the wake of Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines in November 2013, re-establishing internet access was the top priority for humanitarian organisations. ...