Publications 1981

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Bönisch, Alfred (1981) Elements of the Modern Concept of Peace, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 165–173.
Bose, Anima (1981) A Gandhian Perspective on Peace, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 159–164.
Brzoska, Michael (1981) The Reporting of Military Expenditure, Journal of Peace Research 18(3): 261–275.
Cannizzo, Cynthia A. & John R. Freeman (1981) Constitutions, Covenants, and Charters: An Analysis of Decision Rules in International Organizations, Journal of Peace Research 18(3): 277–290.
Cardenal, Ernesto (1981) Revolution and Peace: The Nicaraguan Road, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 201–207.
Dunér, Bertil (1981) Proxy Intervention in Civil Wars, Journal of Peace Research 18(4): 353–361.
Eberwein, Wolf-Dieter (1981) The Quantitative Study of International Conflict: Quantity and Quality? an Assessment of Empirical Research, Journal of Peace Research 18(1): 19–38.
Eidlin, Fred (1981) 'Capitulation', 'Resistance', and the Framework of 'Normalization': The August 1968 Invasion of Czechoslovakia and the Czechoslovak Response, Journal of Peace Research 18(4): 319–332.
Galtung, Johan (1981) Social Cosmology and the Concept of Peace, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 183–199.
Gantzel, Klaus Jürgen (1981) Another Approach to a Theory on the Causes of International War, Journal of Peace Research 18(1): 39–55.
Goldstein, Walter (1981) The Opportunity Costs of Acting as a Super Power: US Military Strategy in the 1980s, Journal of Peace Research 18(3): 241–260.
Groten, Hubert & Jürgen Jansen (1981) Interpreters and Lobbies for Positive Peace, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 175–181.
Høivik, Tord (1981) Demilitarization in Costa Rica: A Farewell to Arms?, Journal of Peace Research 18(4): 333–351.
Krell, Gert (1981) Capitalism and Armaments: Business Cycles and Defense Spending in the United States 1945-79, Journal of Peace Research 18(3): 221–240.
Krippendorff, Ekkehart (1981) Peace. An Introduction, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 109–110.
Krippendorff, Ekkehart (1981) The Victims: A Research Failure, Journal of Peace Research 18(1): 97–101.
Leitenberg, Milton (1981) Presidential Directive (PD) 59: United States Nuclear Weapon Targeting Policy, Journal of Peace Research 18(4): 309–317.
Nilson, Sten Sparre (1981) A Short Reply [to Jeffrey D. Simon], Journal of Peace Research 18(3): 301–301.
Phillips, Warren R. & Margee M. Ensign (1981) Crisis and Continuity in the International System, Journal of Peace Research 18(3): 291–297.
Simon, Jeffrey D. (1981) A Response to Sten Sparre Nilson's Rejoinder, Journal of Peace Research 18(3): 299–300.
Singer, J. David (1981) Accounting for International War: The State of the Discipline, Journal of Peace Research 18(1): 1–18.
Smoker, Paul (1981) Small Peace, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 149–157.
Wallace, Michael D. (1981) Old Nails in New Coffins: The Para Bellum Hypothesis Revisited, Journal of Peace Research 18(1): 91–95.
Wallensteen, Peter (1981) Incompatibility, Confrontation and War: Four Models and Three Historical Systems, 1816-1976, Journal of Peace Research 18(1): 57–90.
Wängborg, Manne & Bo Hovstadius (1981) The United Nations Study of Disarmament and Development: An Overview, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 209–217.
Wiberg, Håkan (1981) JPR 1964-1980 - What Have We Learned About Peace?, Journal of Peace Research 18(2): 111–148.
Wiberg, Håkan (1981) Mary Kaldor: The Disintegrating West, Journal of Peace Research 18(4): 363–368.