Publications 1996

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

(1996) Review Essay: War Termination , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 491–496.
(1996) The Eritrean-Yemeni Conflict over the Hanish Archipelago: Towards a Resolution Favoring Peace and Nature, Security Dialogue 27(2).
Ackermann, Alice (1996) The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: A Relatively Successful Case of Conflict Prevention in Europe , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Agøy, Nils Ivar (1996) When Officers Need Internal Enemies: Aspects of Civil-Military Relations in Scandinavia Between the World Wars, Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 469–481.
Alfsen, Erik (1996) A Nuclear Weapon Free World, Feasible? Desirable? , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Aliyeva, Leila (1996) Imperial Legacy: Economics and Conflict , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Allsop, Dee;Wilcox, Clyde; & Hewitt, Lara (1996) The Gender Gap in Attitudes Toward the Gulf War? A Cross-National Perspective , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 67–82.
al-Mani, Saleh A. (1996) Gulf Security and Relations with our Neighbors: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Al-Suwaidi, Jamal S. (1996) Gulf Security and the Iranian Challenge , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Andor, L?szl? (1996) Economic Transformation and Political Stability in East Central Europe , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Archer, Clive (1996) The Nordic Area as a 'Zone of Peace', Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 445–467.
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) A New Look at Russia in Transition. Review Essay, Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 371–376.
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) Review Essay: A New Look at Russia in Transition, Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 371–376.
Bailes, Alyson J.K. (1996) The Change in European Security: EU, NATO and Options for Future European Defence Arrangements , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Bailey, Jennifer L. (1996) Focus On: Hot Fish and (Bargaining) Chips , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 257–262.
Bellany, Ian (1996) Defensive Arms and the Security Dilemma: A Cybernetic Approach , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 263–271.
Bøckman, Harald (1996) Informal Chinese Politics: Society in the State, Forum for Development Studies(2).
Bonta, Bruce D. (1996) Conflict Resolution Among Peaceful Societies: The Culture of Peacefulness , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 403–420.
Borawski, John (1996) The OSCE: In Search of Cooperative Security , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Bowman, Kirk S. (1996) Taming the Tiger: Militarization and Democracy in Latin America , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 289–308.
Carasales, Julio C. (1996) A Surprising About-face: Argentina and the NPT , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Chen, Baizhu;Masroori, Cyrus; & Feng, Yi (1996) Collective Action in the Middle East? A Study of Free-ride in Defense Spending , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 323–339.
Chen, Jian (1996) Understanding the Logic of Beijing's Taiwan Policy , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Dokhanchi, Khalil (1996) Review Essay: US Foreign Policy Towards Rogue States and Weapon Proliferation , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 241–244.
Dorn, A. Walter (1996) Keeping Tabs on a Troubled World. UN Information-Gathering to Preserve Peace , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
ElBaradei, Mohamed (1996) On Compliance with Nuclear Non-Proliferation Obligations , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Forsberg, Tuomas (1996) Explaining Territorial Disputes: From Power Politics to Normative Reasons , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 433–449.
Gartner, Scott Sigmund; & Regan, Patrick M. (1996) Threat and Represssion: The Non-Linear Relationship Between Government and Opposition Violence , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 273–287.
Gates, Scott; Torbjørn L. Knutsen & Jonathon W. Moses (1996) Democracy and Peace: A More Skeptical View, Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 1–10.
Gjeseth, Gullow (1996) Dubious Directory , Security Dialogue 27(1): 105–105.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) Democracy and Democratization: Not Quite the State of the Art (review of Seymour Martin Lipset, ed. The Encyclopedia of Democracy), Security Dialogue 27(3): 349–354.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) Democracy and Democratization: Not Quite the State of the Art, Security Dialogue 27(3): 349–351.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) Det nye sikkerhetsbildet: Mot en demokratisk og fredelig verden?, Internasjonal Politikk 54(3): 291–310.
Goldblat, Jozef (1996) Controversies Over the Planned Enlargement of NATO , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Gowlland-Debbas, Vera (1996) United Nations A-Z , Security Dialogue 27(3): 352–354.
Græger, Nina (1996) Review Essay: Environmental Security?, Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 109–116.
Hanauer, Laurence S. (1996) Tatarstan and the Prospects for Federalism in Russia: A Commentary , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Heo, Uk (1996) The Political Economy of Defense Spending in South Korea , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 483–490.
Herd, Graeme P. (1996) Russian State Duma Elections , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Hermann, Margaret G.; & Kegley, Charles W. (1996) How Democracies Use Intervention: A Neglected Dimension in Studies of the Democratic Peace , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 309–322.
Herzig, Edmund M. (1996) Iran and Turkey: Between Central Asia and the Arab World , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Horvath, Peter (1996) Antinuclear and Pronuclear Empowerment and Activism , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 137–152.
Ibrahim, Saad Eddin (1996) Future Visions of the Arab Middle East , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Jakobsen, Peter Viggo (1996) National Interest, Humanitarianism or CNN: What Triggers UN Peace Enforcement After the Cold War? , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 205–215.
Kapopoulos, Panayotis T.;Georgiou, George M.; & Lazaretou, Sophia (1996) Modelling Greek-Turkish Rivalry: An Empirical Investigation of Defence Spending Dynamics , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 229–239.
Kelley, Robert E. (1996) Two Substantially Different Approaches to Proliferation: The Cases of South Africa and Iraq , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Khadduri, Walid (1996) Oil and Politics in the Middle East , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Khakimov, Raphael S. (1996) Prospects of Federalism in Russia: A View from Tatarstan , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Kibaroglu, Mustafa (1996) Impact of the Northern Tier on the Middle East: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Kien-hong Yu, Peter (1996) Chinese Re-unification: Opening a Window of Opportunity , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Kimche, David (1996) The Arab-Israeli Peace Process , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Knox, Colin; & Hughes, Joanne (1996) Crossing the Divide: Community Relations in Northern Ireland , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 83–98.
Kolås, Åshild (1996) Tibetan Nationalism: The Politics of Religion , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 51–66.
Kollias, Christos G. (1996) The Greek-Turkish Conflict and Greek Military Expenditure 1960-92 , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 217–228.
Kostecki, Wojciech (1996) Political Stability - No Simple Formula , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Kristensen, Hans M.; & Handler, Joshua M. (1996) The USA and Counterproliferation: A New and Dubious Role for US Nuclear Weapons , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Lejins, Atis (1996) Latvian Security Challenges in 1996 , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Li, Rex (1996) The Taiwan Strait Crisis and the Future of China-Taiwan Relations , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Likhotal, Alexander (1996) On the Way to Democracy , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Linn, Ruth (1996) When the Individual Soldier Says 'No' to War: A Look at Selective Refusal During the Intifada , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 421–431.
Lock, Peter (1996) On Arms Industry , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Lodgaard, Sverre (1996) The Crisis of Multilateralism, Security Dialogue 27(3).
Maresca, John J. (1996) Why an OSCE Role in the Caucasus , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
McSweeney, Bill (1996) Security, Identity and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Meernik, James (1996) United States Military Intervention and the Promotion of Democracy , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 391–402.
Mihalka, Michael (1996) Mostar, The Muslim-Croat Federation and Bosnia , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Nevin, John A. (1996) War Initiation and Selection by Consequences , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 99–108.
Norris, Robert S. (1996) French and Chinese Nuclear Weapon Testing , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Ogunbanwo, Sola (1996) The Treaty of Pelindaba: Africa is Nuclear Weapon-Free , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Öövel, Andrus (1996) Estonian Defence Policy, NATO and the European Union , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Osaghae, Eghosa E. (1996) Human Rights and Ethnic Conflict Management: The Case of Nigeria , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 171–188.
Ostermann, Änne;Krell, Gert; & Nicklas, Hans (1996) Immigration, Asylum, and Anti-Foreigner Violence in Germany , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 153–170.
Østerud, Øyvind & Dan Smith (1996) Nasjonalstat, nasjonalisme og politisk identitet: En skisse til forskningsagenda, Internasjonal Politikk 54(4): 435–455.
Østerud, Øyvind (1996) Antinomies of Post-Modernism in International Studies , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 385–390.
Payne, Rodger A. (1996) Focus On: Deliberating Global Environmental Politics , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 129–136.
Pearson, Graham S. (1996) Responding to the Threat of Biological Weapons: An Alternative View , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Phelan, Donna (1996) The Agreement on Sub-Regional Arms Control , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Phillips, David L. (1996) Preventive Diplomacy in the Balkans , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Poku, Nana; & Pettiford, Lloyd (1996) Practice and Theory in the Security Debate , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Prawitz, Jan (1996) A Nuclear-Free Zone from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Prins, Gwyn (1996) Global Security and Military Intervention , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Rosenau, James N. (1996) The Dynamics of Globalization: Toward an Operational Formulation , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Ross, Robert S. (1996) The 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis: Lessons for the United States, China, and Taiwan , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Roy, Denny (1996) China's Threat Environment , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Russett, Bruce M.;Oneal, John R.;Maoz, Zeev; & Oneal, Frances H. (1996) The Liberal Peace: Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict, 1950-85 , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 11–28.
Saperstein, Alvin M. (1996) Demarcation between Theater Missile Defense and Strategic Missile Defense , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Sariolghalam, Mahmood (1996) The Future of the Middle East: The Impact of the Northern Tier , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Shukri, Muhammad Aziz (1996) The Arab-Israeli Peace Process: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Blackshirt Friends of the Nation, Nationalities Papers 24(4).
Smith, Dan (1996) Security, Identity and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland: A Comment,, Security Dialogue 27(2): 179–184.
Smith, Dan (1996) Security, Identity and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland: A Comment, Security Dialogue 27(2).
Smith, Dan (1996) The Field of Study in International Relations, European Journal of International Relations 2(2): 259–269.
Sørensen, Georg; & Sørensen, Georg (1996) Individual Security and National Security: The State Remains the Principal Problem , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Stevenson, Randolph;Ward, Michael D.;Mintz, Alex; & Cohen, Jordin S. (1996) Defense Expenditures and Economic Growth in Israel: The Indirect Link , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 341–352.
Swain, Ashok (1996) Displacing the Conflict: Environmental Destruction in Bangladesh and Ethnic Conflict in India , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 189–204.
Tunander, Ola (1996) Un nuevo Imperio Otomano? La opcion turca: centro eurasiático o fortaleza nacional [A New Ottoman Empire? – The Choice for Turkey: Euro-Asian Centre vs National Fortress] , Dialogo Y Securidad (3): 219–234.
Vilén, Heikki (1996) Planning of a Peace-keeping Mission for the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Wallensteen, Peter; & Sollenberg, Margareta (1996) The End of International War? Armed Conflict 1989-95 , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 353–370.
Wrobel, Paulo S. (1996) Brazil and the NPT: Resistance to Change? , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Wu, Jaushieh Joseph (1996) Democratization and Uncertainty: Taiwan's Political Development in a New Era , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Yamskov, Anatoly N. (1996) On Joint Control over Key Territories in Nagorno-Karabakh , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Young, Stephen W.; & Plesch, Daniel T. (1996) A Permanent NPT: Where to Now? , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Zolyan, Suren (1996) Shusha and Stepanakert - The United Capital for Nagorno Karabakh: A Commentary , Security Dialogue 27(1): .


Baev, Pavel K. (1996) The Russian Army in a Time of Trouble. London.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Politics and Personalities: Key Actors in the Russian Opposition. Oslo: PRIO. PRIO Report.
Tishkov, Valery (1996) Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union. The Mind Aflame. London: Sage.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (1996) Norge-Israels beste venn. Norsk Midtøsten-politikk 1949-1956. Oslo.

Book Chapter

(1996) Economic Interdependence: A Path To Peace or a Source of Interstate Conflict? : (29–49).
(1996) Postsovetskii natsionalism i rossiiskaya antropologia, in Kuda idet Rossiia? Sotsialnaya transformatsiia postsovetskogo prostranstva. Moscow: (210–220).
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1996) Dynamics of Ethnic Conflicts in Africa, in Causes of Conflict in the Third World. Oslo: .
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1996) Gjeld, demokratisering og konflikt - tilfellet Nigeria, in Afrika årbok 96/97. Oslo: (147–170).
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) Challenges of Peacekeeping in the Caucasus, in Conflicts in the Caucasus. Oslo: (57–67).
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) Russia and CIS Peacekeeping in the Caucasus, in Russia and International Peacekeeping. NUPI Report no. 206. Oslo: (87–98).
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) Russian Peacekeeping in the CIS Area, in Die Aussenpolitik der russischen Föderation (SWP - KB 2950). Ebenhausen: .
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) Russia's Conflicting Interests in the Baltic Area, in The Baltic Sea: New Developments in National Policies and International Cooperation. Dordrecht: (427–436).
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) The Influence of the Balkan Crisis on Russia's Peacekeeping in its Near Abroad, in Peacekeeping and the Role of Russia in Eurasia. Boulder, CO: (67–82).
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) The Russian Debate about the Near Abroad, in Russia and Europe. NUPI Report no. 210. Oslo: (43–56).
Barbieri, Katherine(1996) Economic Interdependence: A Path To Peace or a Source of Interstate Conflict? : (29–49).
Berthelsen, Ole (1996) Introduction, in Conflicts in the Caucasus. Oslo: (1–8).
Bjerkholt, Olav; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Ådne Cappelen (1996) The Peace Dividend in Norway: Domestic or International?, in The Peace Dividend. Contributions to Economic Analysis, 235. Amsterdam: (275–303).
Bøckman, Harald (1996) Kina - menneskerettigheter og politisk kultur, in Mål og midler i norsk menneskerettighetspolitikk. Oslo: (13–21).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (1996) Development and Conflict, in Causes of Conflict in the Third World. Oslo: .
Merheb, Nada (1996) Egypt, in Human Rights in Developing Countries Yearbook 1996. The Hague: Kluwer Law International (117–161).
Rupesinghe, Kumar (1996) Governance and conflict resolution in multi-ethnic societies, in Ethnicity and Power in the Contemporary World. Tokyo-New York-Paris: .
Smith, Dan (1996) Krigens årsaker, in Demokrati og fredelig konfliktløsning. Oslo: (16–30).
Smith, Dan (1996) Reconciling Identities in Conflict,, in Europe's New Nationalism: States and Minorities in Conflict. New York: (195–212).
Smith, Dan (1996) The Uselessness and the Role of Nuclear Weapons: An Exercise in Pseudo-Problems and Disconnection, in Nuclear Rivalry and International Order. London: (85–101).
Smith, Dan (1996) Towards Understanding the Causes of War,, in Causes of Conflict in the Third World. Oslo: .
Tishkov, Valery (1996) Ethnic Conflict in the Context of Social Science Theories, in Rupesinghe, Kumar; & Valery Tishkov, eds, Ethnicity and power in the contemporary world. Tokyo: United Nations University Press .
Tishkov, Valery (1996) Nationalities in post-Soviet global changes, in Lourdes Arizpe, ed., The Cultural Dimensions of Global Change: an Anthropological Approach. Paris: Unesco Publishing (155–177).
Tishkov, Valery (1996) Post-Soviet Nationalism, in Caplan, Richard; & John Feffer, eds, Europe's New Nationalism. States and Minorities In Conflict. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press (23–41).
Tunander, Ola (1996) Norway's Post-Cold War Security - Between Friend and Foe, or between Cosmos and Chaos, in Visions of European Security Policy - Focal Point Sweden and Northern Europe. Stockholm: (48–63).

Edited Volume

Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Olav Bjerkholt; Ron P. Smith; Ådne Cappelen; & J. Paul Dunne, eds, (1996) The Peace Dividend. Amsterdam.

Non-refereed Journal Article

(1996) Political Islam and Conflict in Egypt, Midøsten Forum 10.
(1996) Sem' variantov. Zametki o vykhode iz chechenskogo krizisa, Svobodnaja misl (Free Thought)(5): 43–55.
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1996) Rwanda/Burundi: 'Uni-Ethnic' Dominance and The Cycle of Armed Ethnic Formations, Social Identities 2(1): 37–71.
Berthelsen, Ole (1996) The OSCE: Model or Misfit, Pacific Research 9(4): 6–10.
Bukkvoll, Tor & Pavel K. Baev (1996) Ukraine's Army under Civilian Rule, Jane's Intelligence Review 8(1): 8–10.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) The APSR Hall of Fame: A Comment, PS: Political Science and Politics 29(4): 637–638.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Raising 'The Russian Question': Ethnicity and Statehood, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 2(1): 91–110.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Russia's Northern Fleet in Heavy Sea, Slavic Military Studies 8(4).
Smith, Dan (1996) Light Weapons and Arms Control, Disarmament Diplomacy(3).

PRIO Report

Tishkov, Valery (1996) Explaining and Categorizing the Chechen War, PRIO Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

(1996) Conflicts in the Caucasus.
(1996) Politics and Personalities: Kay Actors in the Russian Opposition.
Cappelen, Ådne; Olav Bjerkholt; Nils Petter Gleditsch; J. Paul Dunne; & Ron P. Smith (1996) The Peace Dividend. Contributions to Economic Analysis, 235Amsterdam.

Report - External Series

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1996) Political Mobilization among the Hazara of Afghanistan: 1978-1992, Rapportserien ved Sosiologi, UiO, 9. Oslo: Department of Sociology, University of Oslo.