Publications 1999

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Abbott, Jason & Neil Renwick (1999) Piratical Violence and Maritime Security in Southeast Asia, Security Dialogue 30(2): 183–196.
Andronov, Alex & Boris Maximov (1999) Is a Security Regime Possible: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 30(3): 331–334.
Azar, Fabiola; Etienne Mullet & Geneviève Vinsonneau (1999) Propensity to Forgive: Findings from Lebanon, Journal of Peace Research 36(2).
Barbieri, Katherine & Jack S. Levy (1999) Sleeping with the Enemy: The Impact of War on Trade, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 463–479.
Bellany, Ian (1999) Modelling War, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 729–739.
Bennett, Christopher (1999) Bosnia: New Opportunities, Security Dialogue 30(3): 291–292.
Biserko, Sonja (1999) Serbia: Dictatorship, Implosion or Recovery?, Security Dialogue 30(3): 289–290.
Blakkisrud, Helge (1999) OSCE Disapproves 'the Most Democratic Elections Ever' in Azerbaijan, Security Dialogue 30(1): 126–128.
Blanton, Shannon Lindsey (1999) Instruments of Security or Tools of Regression? Arms Imports and Human Rights Conditions in Developing Countries, Journal of Peace Research 36(2): 233–244.
Bock, Joseph G. & Mary B. Anderson (1999) Dynamite under the Inter-Communal Bridge: How Can Aid Agencies Help Defuse It?, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 325–338.
Brzoska, Michael (1999) Military Conversion: The Balance Sheet, Journal of Peace Research 36(2).
Carasales, Julio C. (1999) Nuclear Tension: Lessons for South Asia to Learn from South America, Security Dialogue 30(3): 381–382.
Chalmers, Malcolm (1999) 'Bombs Away'? Britain and Nuclear Weapons under New Labour, Security Dialogue 30(1): 61–74.
Cloughley, Brian (1999) Violence in Kashmir, Security Dialogue 30(2): 225–238.
Contreras Q., Carlos (1999) Interstate Relations in Latin America, Security Dialogue 30(2): 239–246.
Creveld, Martin van (1999) Trial by Error of Judgement and Choice, or Not Quite a Fighter's Guide to His Peers, Security Dialogue 30(3): 378–379.
Criss, Nur Bilge & Serdar Güner (1999) Geopolitical Considerations: The Russia-Turkey-Iran Triangle, Security Dialogue 30(3): 365–376.
Dahl, Hans Fredrik (1999) Propaganda: The Particular, Official and Critical Art of Persuasion, Security Dialogue 30(2): 247–248.
David, Charles-Philippe (1999) Does Peacebuilding Build Peace? Liberal (Mis)steps in the Peace Process, Security Dialogue 30(1): 25–41.
Davis, David R. & Brett Ashley Leeds (1999) Beneath the Surface: Regime Type and International Interactions, 1953-1978, Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 5–21.
de Soysa, Indra & John R. Oneal (1999) Boon or Bane? Reassessing the Effects of Foreign Capital on Economic Growth, American Sociological Review 64(5): 766–782.
Dorussen, Han (1999) Balance of Power Revisited: A Multi-Country Model of Trade and Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 443–462.
Druckman, Daniel & Moorad Mooradian (1999) Hurting Stalemate or Mediation? The Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, 1990-95, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 709–727.
Dyson, Graham (1999) Pristina: A Weary Community Exhausted by Conflict and International Scrutiny, Security Dialogue 30(2): 249–252.
Eide, Espen Barth (1999) Intervening Without the UN: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 30(1): 91–94.
Enterline, Andrew J. & Mark J. Crescenzi (1999) Ripples from the Waves? A Systematic, Time-series Analysis of Democracy, Democratization, and Interstate War, Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 75–94.
Fox, Jonathan (1999) The Influence of Religious Legitimacy on Grievance Formation by Ethno-religious Minorities, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 289–307.
Gallagher, Tom (1999) The West and the Challenge to Ethnic Politics in Romania, Security Dialogue 30(3): 293–304.
Gates, Scott & Håvard Hegre (1999) Evolution in Democracy-War Dynamics, Journal of Conflict Resolution 43(6): 771–792.
Gibler, Douglas M. (1999) East or Further East?, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 627–637.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Ward, Michael D. (1999) A Revised List of Independent States since 1816 , International Interactions 25(4): 393–413.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter & Ranveig Gissinger (1999) Globalization and Conflict: Welfare, Distribution, and Political Unrest, Journal of World-Systems Research 5(2): 274–300.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1999) Do Open Windows Encourage Conflict? Opening statement at the dissertation defense of Björn Holmberg, Uppsala University, 26 May 1998, Statsvetenskapeligt tidskrift 102(3): 303–318.
Goldblat, Jozef (1999) Anti-Personnel Mines: From Mere Restrictions to a Total Ban, Security Dialogue 30(1): 9–23.
Goldblat, Jozef (1999) The Balkan Imbroglio: A Way to Solve the Problem, Security Dialogue 30(3): 383–383.
Gow, James (1999) Montenegro Where to Take the Fight?, Security Dialogue 30(3): 287–288.
Griffin, Michèle (1999) Blue Helmet Blues: Assessing the Trend Towards 'Subcontracting' UN Peace Operations, Security Dialogue 30(1): 43–60.
Gupta, Amit S. (1999) Nuclear Forces in South Asia: Prospects for Arms Control, Security Dialogue 30(3): 319–330.
Henderson, Errol A. (1999) Neoidealism and the Democratic Peace, Journal of Peace Research 36(2).
Hendrickson, Ryan C. (1999) Albania and NATO: Regional Security and Selective Intervention, Security Dialogue 30(1): 109–116.
Heo, Uk (1999) Defense Spending and Economic Growth in South Korea: The Indirect Link, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 699–708.
Herd, Graeme P. (1999) Russia's Baltic Policy After the Meltdown, Security Dialogue 30(2): 197–212.
Herd, Graeme P. (1999) Russia's Systemic Collapse: From Federation to Confederation?, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 259–269.
Hewitt, J. Joseph & Jonathan Wilkenfeld (1999) One-Sided Crises in the International System, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 309–323.
Irwin, Colin (1999) The People's Peace Process: Northern Ireland and the Role of Public Opinion Polls in Political Negotiations, Security Dialogue 30(3): 305–317.
Jacobsen, Carl Gustav (1999) Kosovo/a Crisis: A Case of Conflicting Principles and Agendas, Security Dialogue 30(1): 119–122.
Karaosmanoglu, Ali L. (1999) NATO Enlargement and the South: A Turkish Perspective, Security Dialogue 30(2): 213–224.
Keith, Linda Camp (1999) The United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Does It Make a Difference in Human Rights Behavior?, Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 95–118.
Komlev, Vladimir (1999) Burying Nuclear Waste in Northwestern Russia, Security Dialogue 30(3): 383–384.
Kraig, Michael R. (1999) Nuclear Proliferation and Deterrence in the Developing World: A Game-Theoretic Treatment, Journal of Peace Research 36(2): 141–167.
Lalor, Paul (1999) Whither the Arab-Israeli Peace Process?, Security Dialogue 30(3): 353–364.
Langford, Tonya (1999) Orchestrating Peace Operations: The PDD-56 Process, Security Dialogue 30(2): 137–149.
Lebovic, James H. (1999) Using Military Spending Data: The Complexity of Simple Inference, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 681–697.
Lee, Lai To (1999) The South China Sea: China and Multilateral Dialogues, Security Dialogue 30(2): 165–178.
Lee, Shin-wha (1999) Responses to North Korean 'Food Refugees', Security Dialogue 30(1): 122–124.
Licklider, Roy & Pierre M. Atlas (1999) Conflict among Former Allies after Civil War Settlement: Sudan, Zimbabwe, Chad & Lebanon, Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 35–54.
Lumpe, Lora (1999) Curbing the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons, Security Dialogue 30(2): 151–164.
M?ller, Bj?rn (1999) The Slippery Slope of Authority Eroded: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 30(1): 87–90.
Martin, Brian (1999) Social Defence Strategy: The Role of Technology, Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 535–552.
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Finding a Pathway through the Thickets of International Organisation, Security Dialogue 30(3): 377–378.
Medvedev, Sergei (1999) Russia as the Subconsciousness of Finland, Security Dialogue 30(1): 95–107.
Mi'ari, Mahmoud (1999) Attitudes of Palestinians Toward Normalization with Israel, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 339–348.
Morrow, James D. (1999) How Could Trade Affect Conflict?, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 481–489.
Mousseau, Michael & Yuhang Shi (1999) A Test for Reverse Causality in the Democratic Peace Relationship, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 639–663.
Perry, Valery (1999) The Pact on Stability in Europe: Fulfilled, Failed, or Forgotten?, Security Dialogue 30(2): 252–255.
Rappert, Brian (1999) Assessing the Technologies of Political Control, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 741–750.
Richards, David L. & David L. Cingranelli (1999) Respect for Human Rights after the End of the Cold War, Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 511–534.
Robst, John; Yuan-Ching Chang & Solomon W. Polachek (1999) Liberalism and Interdependence: Extending the Trade-Conflict Model, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 405–422.
Roe, Paul (1999) The Intra-State Security Dilemma: Ethnic Conflict as a Tragedy, Journal of Peace Research 36(2): 183–202.
Rogers, Paul (1999) Political Violence and Terrorism: Where, When, How -- But Not Why (review of: International Encyclopedia of Terrorism), Security Dialogue 30(1): 117–118.
Russett, Bruce M. & John R. Oneal (1999) Assessing the Liberal Peace with Alternative Specifications: Trade Still Reduces Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 423–442.
Sandler, Todd & Keith Hartley (1999) NATO Burden-Sharing: Past and Future, Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 665–680.
Schneider, Gerald & Katherine Barbieri (1999) Globalization and Peace: Assessing New Directions in the Study of Trade and Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 387–404.
Sergounin, Alexander A. (1999) The 1998 Election Campaign in Nizhny Novgorod: Lessons to Learn, Security Dialogue 30(1): 124–126.
Seul, Jeffrey R. (1999) 'Ours is the Way of God': Religion, Identity, and Intergroup Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 553–569.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1999) Inheriting the Soviet Policy Toolbox: Russia's Dilemma Over Ascriptive Nationality, Europe-Asia Studies 51(6): 1069–87.
Smith, Dan (1999) Integrating Serbia into the Balkan Region, Security Dialogue 30(3): 283–286.
Sprecher, Christopher & Brandon C. Prins (1999) Institutional Constraints, Political Opposition, and Interstate Dispute Escalation: Evidence from Parliamentary Systems, 1946-89, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 271–287.
Stenseth, Leni (1999) The Imagined Threat of China in the South China Sea: A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 30(3): 347–351.
Suhrke, Astri (1999) Human Security and the Interests of States, Security Dialogue 30(3): 265–276.
Sun, Qian & Qiao Yu (1999) Determinants of China's Military Expenditures: 1965-1993, Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 23–33.
Tishkov, Valery (1999) Ethnic Conflicts in the Former USSR: The Use and Misuse of Typologies and Data, Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 571–591.
Tønnesson, Stein (1999) Can Conflicts Be Solved by Shelving Disputes? A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 30(2): 179–182.
Tunander, Ola (1999) The Uneasy Imbrication of Nation-State and NATO. The Case of Sweden, Cooperation and Conflict 32(2): 169–203.
Vanhanen, Tatu (1999) Domestic Ethnic Conflict and Ethnic Nepotism: A Comparative Analysis, Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 55–73.
Wallensteen, Peter & Margareta Sollenberg (1999) Armed Conflict, 1989-98, Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 593–606.
Weber, Thomas (1999) Gandhi, Deep Ecology, Peace Research and Buddhist Economics, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 289–307.
Weiss, Thomas G. (1999) Sanctions as a Foreign Policy Tool: Weighing Humanitarian Impulses, Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 499–509.
Weiss, Thomas G. (1999) Whither International Efforts for Internally Displaced Persons?, Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 363–373.
White, Nigel D. (1999) The Legality of the Threat of Force Against Iraq, Security Dialogue 30(1): 75–86.
Woodward, Susan L. (1999) Should We Think Before We Leap? A Rejoinder, Security Dialogue 30(3): 277–281.
Zhao, Suisheng (1999) China's Periphery Policy and Its Asian Neighbors, Security Dialogue 30(3): 335–346.

PhD Thesis

Hegre, Håvard (1999) The Limits of the Liberal Peace. PhD thesis, Oslo.

Monograph

Lumpe, Lora (1999) Small Arms Control: Old Weapons, New Issues. London.
McDermott, Anthony (1999) The New Politics of Financing the UN. New York.
Smith, Dan (1999) The State of the World Atlas. London & New York.

Book Chapter

Alm, Kristian & Henrik Syse (1999) Samfunnsverdier - i forfall og fremskritt, in Samfunnets og dets verdier [Society and its values]. Oslo: (59–69).
Baev, Pavel K. (1999) International Interventions in Secessionist Conflicts in Europe in the 1990s, in Sovereign Intervention. PRIO Report 2/99. Oslo: .
Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Regionalisation of the Federal Power Structures, in Moscov, the Regions and Russia's Foreign Policy (Report E103). Sandhurst#: (5–16).
Burgess, J. Peter (1999) Coal, Steel and Spirit: The Double Reading of European Unity (1948-50), in Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other. Brussels: (232–253).
Burgess, J. Peter (1999) The Logic of Language and Nation in the Emergence of Nynorsk, in Collective Identity and Citizenship in Europe: Fields of Access and Exclusion. Oslo/Jerusalem: (71–91).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1999) Democracy and Peace, in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, 2. New York: (643–652).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1999) Environmental Conflict: Symptoms and Causes, in Environmental Conflict and Preventive Action: Report from a Seminar at Lysebu, 23-24 November 1998. Oslo: (6–12).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1999) Freedom of Expression, Freedom of Information, and National Security: The Case of Norway, in Secrecy and Liberty. Haag: (361–388).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1999) War and Change in Afghanistan: Reflections on Research Priorities, in Return to Silk Routes: Current Scandinavian Research on Central Asia. London: (167–186).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (1999) The Role of Development and Environmental Change in Conflict Processes, in Ethnicity and Intrastate Conflict: Types, Causes and Peace Strategies. Aldershot: .
Lumpe, Lora (1999) A Framework for Limiting the Negative Consequences of Surplus US Arms Production and Trading, in Arming the Future: a Defense Industry for the 21st Century. New York: (285–301).
Lumpe, Lora (1999) US Policy and the Export of Light Weapons, in Light Weapons and Civil Conflict: Controlling the Tools of Violence. New York: (65–87).
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Regional Intervention in the Middle East: The Case of Iraq and Algeria, in Sovereign Intervention. PRIO Report 2/99. Oslo: (135–170).
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Regional Intervention in the Middle East: The Cases of Iraq and Algeria, in Sovereign Intervention. (135–170).
Reichberg, Gregory M. (1999) Ancient and Early Medieval Thinking about Religion, in Philosophy of Religion: a Guide to the Subject. London & Washington DC: (5–11).
Reichberg, Gregory M. (1999) Studiositas, the Virtue of Attention, in The Common Things: Essays in Thomism and Education. Washington, DC: (143–152).
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1999) The Use of Sexual Violence in Times of War: A Review of the Scholarly Literature, in Women and Armed Conflicts. Oslo: (37–70).
Smith, Dan (1999) Konfliktförebyggandets filosofi, in Fredens Gränseland. Stockholm: (75–100).
Smith, Dan (1999) NATOs valg i 1999, in Mennesker og Rettigheter. (226–234).
Smith, Dan (1999) NATOs valg i 1999, in Mennesker og Rettigheter. (226–234).
Smith, Dan (1999) Preventing Conflict Escalation: Uncertainty and Knowledge, in The New Agenda for Peace Research. Aldershot: (161–178).
Smith, Dan (1999) Sovereignty in the Age of Intervention, in Sovereign Intervention. PRIO Report 2/99. Oslo: (13–28).
Smith, Dan (1999) Women, War and Peace, in Towards a Women's Agenda for a Culture of Peace. Paris: (57–75).
Syse, Henrik & Gregory M. Reichberg (1999) Conducting Business Amidst Human Rights Abuses: Some Lessons from the Just War Tradition, in Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Meeting of the International Association For Business and Society. London: SAGE (71–76).
Syse, Henrik (1999) Review of Ivar Asheim, Hva betyr holdninger?: Studier i dydsetikk, in Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke. (310–312).
Syse, Henrik (1999) Review of Ivar Asheim, Hva Betyr Holdninger?: Studier i Dydsetikk, in Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke. (310–312).
Tunander, Ola (1999) NATOs upphävande av den suveräna nationalstaten?, in Samtiden. (96–98).
Tunander, Ola (1999) NATOs upphävande av den suveräna nationalstaten?, in Samtiden. (96–98).
Tunander, Ola (1999) Norway, Sweden and Nordic Cooperation, in The European North: Hard, Soft and Covic Security. Stockholm: (39–48).

Non-refereed Journal Article

Baev, Pavel K. (1999) External Interventions in Secessionist Conflicts in Europe, European Security 8(2): 22–51.
Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Russia’s Stance Against Secessions: From Chechnya to Kosovo, International Peacekeeping 6(3): 73–94.
Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Russia's Stance Against Secessions: From Chechnya to Kosovo, International Peacekeeping 6(3): 73–94.
Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Why are the Russian "Power Structures" Falling Apart So Slowly?, Perspectives(13): 91–104.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1999) The Taliban Threat: Feature Review, Third World Quarterly 20(4): 861–870.
Lumpe, Lora (1999) The Global Arms Bazaar at the Century's End, Global Dialogue 1(2): 1–13.
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Japan's Financial Contribution to the UN System: In Pursuit of Acceptance and Standing, International Peacekeeping 6(2): 64–88.
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Review of George Giacaman & Dag Jørund Lønning, After Oslo: New Realities, Old Problems, International Peacekeeping 6(2): 201–203.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1999) Debatten om positiv særbehandling i USA, Internationella Studier(3): 39–48.
Syse, Henrik (1999) Rettferdig krig om Kosovo?, Humanist 4: 12–19.
Syse, Henrik (1999) Review of Kai Ingolf Johannessen, Christian Commitment and Reasonable Consensus in Pluralist Societies, Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 100(3): 193–198.
Tunander, Ola (1999) Drømmen om det empiriske grundfjell, Kritik 32(141): 67–69.
Tunander, Ola (1999) Krever demokratiet dødseskvadroner? 'Suveränens' ansvar og demokratiets 'letsind', Kritik 32(138): 50–57.
Tunander, Ola (1999) Nordic Cooperation , Odin (Norwegian MFA) .

PRIO Report

Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1999) To Cultivate Peace - Agriculture in a World of Conflict, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Sovereign Intervention, PRIO Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1999) Sexual Violence in Times of War. An Annotated Bibliography, PRIO Report, 4. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Russian military development: 'Muddle through' from 1992 to 1998 and beyond, FFI Rapport. Oslo.
Tank, Pinar (1999) Understanding Turkey's Kurdish Dilemma, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7. Oslo.

Book Review

Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Review of Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power (Anatol Lieven), in Slavic Review 58(3): 707–708.