Publications 1999

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

(1999) Ethnic Conflicts in the Former USSR: The Use and Misuse of Typologies and Data , Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 571–591.
(1999) Inheriting the Soviet Policy Toolbox: Russia's Dilemma Over Ascriptive Nationality, Europe-Asia Studies 51(6): 1069–87.
Anderson, Mary B.; & Bock, Joseph G. (1999) Dynamite under the Inter-Communal Bridge: How Can Aid Agencies Help Defuse It? , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 325–338.
Atlas, Pierre M.; & Licklider, Roy (1999) Conflict among Former Allies after Civil War Settlement: Sudan, Zimbabwe, Chad & Lebanon , Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 35–54.
Azar, Fabiola;Mullet, Etienne; & Vinsonneau, Geneviève (1999) Propensity to Forgive: Findings from Lebanon , Journal of Peace Research 36(2): .
Barbieri, Katherine; & Levy, Jack S. (1999) Sleeping with the Enemy: The Impact of War on Trade , Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 463–479.
Barbieri, Katherine; & Schneider, Gerald (1999) Globalization and Peace: Assessing New Directions in the Study of Trade and Conflict , Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 387–404.
Bellany, Ian (1999) Modelling War , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 729–739.
Bennett, Christopher (1999) Bosnia: New Opportunities , Security Dialogue 30(3): 291–292.
Biserko, Sonja (1999) Serbia: Dictatorship, Implosion or Recovery? , Security Dialogue 30(3): 289–290.
Blakkisrud, Helge (1999) OSCE Disapproves 'the Most Democratic Elections Ever' in Azerbaijan , Security Dialogue 30(1): 126–128.
Blanton, Shannon Lindsey (1999) Instruments of Security or Tools of Regression? Arms Imports and Human Rights Conditions in Developing Countries , Journal of Peace Research 36(2): 233–244.
Brzoska, Michael (1999) Military Conversion: The Balance Sheet , Journal of Peace Research 36(2): .
Carasales, Julio C. (1999) Nuclear Tension: Lessons for South Asia to Learn from South America , Security Dialogue 30(3): 381–382.
Chalmers, Malcolm (1999) 'Bombs Away'? Britain and Nuclear Weapons under New Labour , Security Dialogue 30(1): 61–74.
Cingranelli, David L.; & Richards, David L. (1999) Respect for Human Rights after the End of the Cold War , Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 511–534.
Cloughley, Brian (1999) Violence in Kashmir , Security Dialogue 30(2): 225–238.
Contreras Q., Carlos (1999) Interstate Relations in Latin America , Security Dialogue 30(2): 239–246.
Creveld, Martin van (1999) Trial by Error of Judgement and Choice, or Not Quite a Fighter's Guide to His Peers , Security Dialogue 30(3): 378–379.
Dahl, Hans Fredrik (1999) Propaganda: The Particular, Official and Critical Art of Persuasion , Security Dialogue 30(2): 247–248.
David, Charles-Philippe (1999) Does Peacebuilding Build Peace? Liberal (Mis)steps in the Peace Process , Security Dialogue 30(1): 25–41.
de Soysa, Indra; & John R. Oneal (1999) Boon or Bane? Reassessing the Effects of Foreign Capital on Economic Growth, American Sociological Review 64(5): 766–782.
Dorussen, Han (1999) Balance of Power Revisited: A Multi-Country Model of Trade and Conflict , Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 443–462.
Druckman, Daniel; & Mooradian, Moorad (1999) Hurting Stalemate or Mediation? The Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, 1990-95 , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 709–727.
Dyson, Graham (1999) Pristina: A Weary Community Exhausted by Conflict and International Scrutiny , Security Dialogue 30(2): 249–252.
Eide, Espen Barth (1999) Intervening Without the UN: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 30(1): 91–94.
Enterline, Andrew J.; & Crescenzi, Mark J. (1999) Ripples from the Waves? A Systematic, Time-series Analysis of Democracy, Democratization, and Interstate War , Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 75–94.
Fox, Jonathan (1999) The Influence of Religious Legitimacy on Grievance Formation by Ethno-religious Minorities , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 289–307.
Gallagher, Tom (1999) The West and the Challenge to Ethnic Politics in Romania , Security Dialogue 30(3): 293–304.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Hegre; & Scott Gates (1999) Evolution in Democracy-War Dynamics, Journal of Conflict Resolution 43(6): 771–792.
Gibler, Douglas M. (1999) East or Further East? , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 627–637.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Ward, Michael D. (1999) A Revised List of Independent States since 1816 , International Interactions 25(4): 393–413.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; & Nils Petter Gleditsch (1999) Do Open Windows Encourage Conflict? Opening statement at the dissertation defense of Björn Holmberg, Uppsala University, 26 May 1998, Statsvetenskapeligt Tidskrift 102(3): 303–318.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Ranveig Gissinger; Nils Petter Gleditsch; & Ranveig Gissinger (1999) Globalization and Conflict: Welfare, Distribution, and Political Unrest, Journal of World-Systems Research 5(2): 274–300.
Goldblat, Jozef (1999) Anti-Personnel Mines: From Mere Restrictions to a Total Ban , Security Dialogue 30(1): 9–23.
Goldblat, Jozef (1999) The Balkan Imbroglio: A Way to Solve the Problem , Security Dialogue 30(3): 383–383.
Gow, James (1999) Montenegro Where to Take the Fight? , Security Dialogue 30(3): 287–288.
Griffin, Michèle (1999) Blue Helmet Blues: Assessing the Trend Towards 'Subcontracting' UN Peace Operations , Security Dialogue 30(1): 43–60.
Güner, Serdar; & Criss, Nur Bilge (1999) Geopolitical Considerations: The Russia-Turkey-Iran Triangle , Security Dialogue 30(3): 365–376.
Gupta, Amit S. (1999) Nuclear Forces in South Asia: Prospects for Arms Control , Security Dialogue 30(3): 319–330.
Henderson, Errol A. (1999) Neoidealism and the Democratic Peace , Journal of Peace Research 36(2): 203–.
Hendrickson, Ryan C. (1999) Albania and NATO: Regional Security and Selective Intervention , Security Dialogue 30(1): 109–116.
Heo, Uk (1999) Defense Spending and Economic Growth in South Korea: The Indirect Link , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 699–708.
Herd, Graeme P. (1999) Russia's Baltic Policy After the Meltdown , Security Dialogue 30(2): 197–212.
Herd, Graeme P. (1999) Russia's Systemic Collapse: From Federation to Confederation? , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 259–269.
Irwin, Colin (1999) The People's Peace Process: Northern Ireland and the Role of Public Opinion Polls in Political Negotiations , Security Dialogue 30(3): 305–317.
Jacobsen, Carl Gustav (1999) Kosovo/a Crisis: A Case of Conflicting Principles and Agendas , Security Dialogue 30(1): 119–122.
Karaosmanoglu, Ali L. (1999) NATO Enlargement and the South: A Turkish Perspective , Security Dialogue 30(2): 213–224.
Keith, Linda Camp (1999) The United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Does It Make a Difference in Human Rights Behavior? , Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 95–118.
Komlev, Vladimir (1999) Burying Nuclear Waste in Northwestern Russia , Security Dialogue 30(3): 383–384.
Kraig, Michael R. (1999) Nuclear Proliferation and Deterrence in the Developing World: A Game-Theoretic Treatment , Journal of Peace Research 36(2): 141–167.
Lalor, Paul (1999) Whither the Arab-Israeli Peace Process? , Security Dialogue 30(3): 353–364.
Langford, Tonya (1999) Orchestrating Peace Operations: The PDD-56 Process , Security Dialogue 30(2): 137–149.
Lebovic, James H. (1999) Using Military Spending Data: The Complexity of Simple Inference , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 681–697.
Lee, Lai To (1999) The South China Sea: China and Multilateral Dialogues , Security Dialogue 30(2): 165–178.
Lee, Shin-wha (1999) Responses to North Korean 'Food Refugees' , Security Dialogue 30(1): 122–124.
Leeds, Brett Ashley; & Davis, David R. (1999) Beneath the Surface: Regime Type and International Interactions, 1953-1978 , Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 5–21.
Lumpe, Lora (1999) Curbing the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons , Security Dialogue 30(2): 151–164.
M?ller, Bj?rn (1999) The Slippery Slope of Authority Eroded: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 30(1): 87–90.
Martin, Brian (1999) Social Defence Strategy: The Role of Technology , Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 535–552.
Maximov, Boris; & Andronov, Alex (1999) Is a Security Regime Possible: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 30(3): 331–334.
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Finding a Pathway through the Thickets of International Organisation , Security Dialogue 30(3): 377–378.
Medvedev, Sergei (1999) Russia as the Subconsciousness of Finland , Security Dialogue 30(1): 95–107.
Mi'ari, Mahmoud (1999) Attitudes of Palestinians Toward Normalization with Israel , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 339–348.
Morrow, James D. (1999) How Could Trade Affect Conflict? , Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 481–489.
Oneal, John R.; & Russett, Bruce M. (1999) Assessing the Liberal Peace with Alternative Specifications: Trade Still Reduces Conflict , Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 423–442.
Perry, Valery (1999) The Pact on Stability in Europe: Fulfilled, Failed, or Forgotten? , Security Dialogue 30(2): 252–255.
Rappert, Brian (1999) Assessing the Technologies of Political Control , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 741–750.
Renwick, Neil; & Abbott, Jason (1999) Piratical Violence and Maritime Security in Southeast Asia , Security Dialogue 30(2): 183–196.
Robst, John;Chang, Yuan-Ching; & Polachek, Solomon W. (1999) Liberalism and Interdependence: Extending the Trade-Conflict Model , Journal of Peace Research 36(4): 405–422.
Roe, Paul (1999) The Intra-State Security Dilemma: Ethnic Conflict as a Tragedy , Journal of Peace Research 36(2): 183–202.
Rogers, Paul (1999) Political Violence and Terrorism: Where, When, How -- But Not Why (review of: International Encyclopedia of Terrorism) , Security Dialogue 30(1): 117–118.
Sandler, Todd; & Hartley, Keith (1999) NATO Burden-Sharing: Past and Future , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 665–680.
Sergounin, Alexander A. (1999) The 1998 Election Campaign in Nizhny Novgorod: Lessons to Learn , Security Dialogue 30(1): 124–126.
Seul, Jeffrey R. (1999) 'Ours is the Way of God': Religion, Identity, and Intergroup Conflict , Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 553–569.
Shi, Yuhang; & Mousseau, Michael (1999) A Test for Reverse Causality in the Democratic Peace Relationship , Journal of Peace Research 36(6): 639–663.
Smith, Dan (1999) Integrating Serbia into the Balkan Region, Security Dialogue 30(3): 283–286.
Sprecher, Christopher; & Prins, Brandon C. (1999) Institutional Constraints, Political Opposition, and Interstate Dispute Escalation: Evidence from Parliamentary Systems, 1946-89 , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 271–287.
Stenseth, Leni (1999) The Imagined Threat of China in the South China Sea: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 30(3): 347–351.
Suhrke, Astri (1999) Human Security and the Interests of States , Security Dialogue 30(3): 265–276.
Sun, Qian; & Yu, Qiao (1999) Determinants of China's Military Expenditures: 1965-1993 , Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 23–33.
Tønnesson, Stein (1999) Can Conflicts Be Solved by Shelving Disputes? A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 30(2): 179–182.
Tunander, Ola; & Ola Tunander (1999) The Uneasy Imbrication of Nation-State and NATO. The Case of Sweden, Cooperation and Conflict 32(2): 169–203.
Vanhanen, Tatu (1999) Domestic Ethnic Conflict and Ethnic Nepotism: A Comparative Analysis , Journal of Peace Research 36(1): 55–73.
Wallensteen, Peter; & Sollenberg, Margareta (1999) Armed Conflict, 1989-98 , Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 593–606.
Weber, Thomas (1999) Gandhi, Deep Ecology, Peace Research and Buddhist Economics , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 289–307.
Weiss, Thomas G. (1999) Sanctions as a Foreign Policy Tool: Weighing Humanitarian Impulses , Journal of Peace Research 36(5): 499–509.
Weiss, Thomas G. (1999) Whither International Efforts for Internally Displaced Persons? , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 363–373.
White, Nigel D. (1999) The Legality of the Threat of Force Against Iraq , Security Dialogue 30(1): 75–86.
Wilkenfeld, Jonathan; & Hewitt, J. Joseph (1999) One-Sided Crises in the International System , Journal of Peace Research 36(3): 309–323.
Woodward, Susan L. (1999) Should We Think Before We Leap? A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 30(3): 277–281.
Zhao, Suisheng (1999) China's Periphery Policy and Its Asian Neighbors , Security Dialogue 30(3): 335–346.

PhD Thesis

Hegre, Håvard; & Håvard Hegre (1999) The Limits of the Liberal PeaceOslo.


Lumpe, Lora (1999) Small Arms Control: Old Weapons, New Issues. : .
McDermott, Anthony; & Anthony McDermott (1999) The New Politics of Financing the UN. New York.
Smith, Dan; & Dan Smith (1999) The State of the World Atlas. London & New York.

Book Chapter

Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1999) International Interventions in Secessionist Conflicts in Europe in the 1990s, in Sovereign Intervention. PRIO Report 2/99. .
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1999) Regionalisation of the Federal Power Structures, in Moscov, the Regions and Russia's Foreign Policy (Report E103). (5–16).
Burgess, J. Peter; & J. Peter Burgess (1999) Coal, Steel and Spirit: The Double Reading of European Unity (1948-50), in Europe and the Other and Europe As the Other. (232–253).
Burgess, J. Peter; & J. Peter Burgess (1999) The Logic of Language and Nation in the Emergence of Nynorsk, in Collective Identity and Citizenship In Europe: Fields of Access and Exclusion. (71–91).
de Soysa, Indra (1999) The Resource Curse: Are Civil Wars Driven by Rapacity or Paucity?, in Greed and Grievance: Economic Agendas In Civil Wars. .
Gleditsch, Nils Petter(1999) Democracy and Peace Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, 2. : (643–652).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter(1999) Freedom of Expression, Freedom of Information, and National Security: The Case of Norway Secrecy and Liberty. : (361–388).
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; & Nils Petter Gleditsch (1999) Environmental Conflict: Symptoms and Causes, in Environmental Conflict and Preventive Action: Report from a Seminar at Lysebu, 23-24 November 1998. (6–12).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg(1999) War and Change in Afghanistan: Reflections on Research Priorities Return to Silk Routes: Current Scandinavian Research on Central Asia. : (167–186).
Hauge, Wenche Iren; & Wenche Iren Hauge (1999) The Role of Development and Environmental Change in Conflict Processes, in Ethnicity and Intrastate Conflict: Types, Causes and Peace Strategies. .
Lumpe, Lora (1999) A Framework for Limiting the Negative Consequences of Surplus US Arms Production and Trading, in Arming the Future: a Defense Industry For the 21St Century. (285–301).
Lumpe, Lora (1999) US Policy and the Export of Light Weapons, in Light Weapons and Civil Conflict: Controlling the Tools of Violence. (65–87).
McDermott, Anthony(1999) Regional Intervention in the Middle East: The Case of Iraq and Algeria Sovereign Intervention. PRIO Report 2/99. : (135–170).
McDermott, Anthony; & Anthony McDermott (1999) Regional Intervention in the Middle East: The Cases of Iraq and Algeria, in Sovereign Intervention. (135–170).
Reichberg, Gregory M. (1999) Ancient and Early Medieval Thinking about Religion, in Philosophy of Religion: a Guide to the Subject. (5–11).
Reichberg, Gregory M. (1999) Studiositas, the Virtue of Attention, in The Common Things: Essays In Thomism and Education. (143–152).
Skjelsbæk, Inger(1999) The Use of Sexual Violence in Times of War: A Review of the Scholarly Literature Women and Armed Conflicts. : (37–70).
Smith, Dan(1999) Konfliktförebyggandets filosofi Fredens Gränseland. : (75–100).
Smith, Dan(1999) NATOs valg i 1999 : (226–234).
Smith, Dan(1999) Preventing Conflict Escalation: Uncertainty and Knowledge The New Agenda For Peace Research. : (161–178).
Smith, Dan(1999) Women, War and Peace Towards a Women's Agenda For a Culture of Peace. : (57–75).
Smith, Dan; & Dan Smith (1999) NATOs valg i 1999, in (226–234).
Smith, Dan; & Dan Smith (1999) Sovereignty in the Age of Intervention, in Sovereign Intervention. PRIO Report 2/99. (13–28).
Syse, Henrik & Gregory M. Reichberg (1999) Conducting Business Amidst Human Rights Abuses: Some Lessons from the Just War Tradition, in Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Meeting of the International Association For Business and Society. London: SAGE (71–76).
Syse, Henrik (1999) Review of Ivar Asheim, Hva Betyr Holdninger?: Studier i Dydsetikk, in (310–312).
Syse, Henrik(1999) Review of Ivar Asheim, Hva betyr holdninger?: Studier i dydsetikk : (310–312).
Syse, Henrik; & Alm, Kristian(1999) Samfunnsverdier - i forfall og fremskritt Samfunnets Og Dets Verdier [Society and Its Values]. : (59–69).
Tunander, Ola(1999) NATOs upphävande av den suveräna nationalstaten? : (96–98).
Tunander, Ola(1999) Norway, Sweden and Nordic Cooperation The European North: Hard, Soft and Covic Security. : (39–48).
Tunander, Ola; & Ola Tunander (1999) NATOs upphävande av den suveräna nationalstaten?, in (96–98).

Non-refereed Journal Article

Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Why are the Russian "Power Structures" Falling Apart So Slowly?, Perspectives (13): 91–104.
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1999) External Interventions in Secessionist Conflicts in Europe, European Security 8(2): 22–51.
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1999) Russia’s Stance Against Secessions: From Chechnya to Kosovo, International Peacekeeping 6(3): 73–94.
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1999) Russia's Stance Against Secessions: From Chechnya to Kosovo, International Peacekeeping 6(3): 73–94.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1999) The Taliban Threat: Feature Review , Third World Quarterly 20(4): 861–870.
Lumpe, Lora (1999) The Global Arms Bazaar at the Century's End , Global Dialogue 1(2): 1–13.
McDermott, Anthony; & Anthony McDermott (1999) Japan's Financial Contribution to the UN System: In Pursuit of Acceptance and Standing, International Peacekeeping 6(2): 64–88.
McDermott, Anthony; & Anthony McDermott (1999) Review of George Giacaman & Dag Jørund Lønning, After Oslo: New Realities, Old Problems, International Peacekeeping 6(2): 201–203.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1999) Debatten om positiv særbehandling i USA , Internationella Studier (3): 39–48.
Syse, Henrik (1999) Rettferdig krig om Kosovo? , Humanist 412–19.
Syse, Henrik (1999) Review of Kai Ingolf Johannessen, Christian Commitment and Reasonable Consensus in Pluralist Societies, Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 100(3): 193–198.
Tunander, Ola (1999) Drømmen om det empiriske grundfjell , Kritik 32(141): 67–69.
Tunander, Ola (1999) Nordic Cooperation , Odin (Norwegian MFA) .
Tunander, Ola; & Ola Tunander (1999) Krever demokratiet dødseskvadroner? 'Suveränens' ansvar og demokratiets 'letsind', Kritik 32(138): 50–57.

PRIO Report

Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1999) To Cultivate Peace - Agriculture in a World of Conflict, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
McDermott, Anthony (1999) Sovereign Intervention, PRIO Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Skjelsbæk, Inger (1999) Sexual Violence in Times of War. An Annotated Bibliography, PRIO Report, 4. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Baev, Pavel K. (1999) Russian military development: 'Muddle through' from 1992 to 1998 and beyond, FFI Rapport, : .
Tank, Pinar (1999) Understanding Turkey's Kurdish Dilemma, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7. Oslo.

Book Review

Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1999) Review of Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power (Anatol Lieven), in Slavic Review 58(3): 707–708.