Select a country in the map above or list below to find relevant staff, as well as publications, projects, news or events relevant to that region.


Ayla Gürel

Ayla Gürel

Senior Research Consultant

Giorgos Charalambous

Giorgos Charalambous

Senior Research Consultant

Harry Tzimitras

Harry Tzimitras

Director. PRIO Cyprus Centre

Jørgen Carling

Jørgen Carling

Research Professor

Kristian Berg Harpviken

Kristian Berg Harpviken

Research Professor (former Director)

Mete Hatay

Mete Hatay

Senior Research Consultant

Olga Demetriou

Olga Demetriou

Senior Research Consultant

Pavel K. Baev

Pavel K. Baev

Research Professor

Pinar Tank

Pinar Tank

Senior Researcher


Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Gürel, Ayla & Harry Tzimitras (2015) Beyond Energy: Remarks about the Direction of Turkish-Russian Relations and Their Implications for the Cyprus Problem, Euxeinos: Governance and Culture in the Black Sea Region(18): 28–38.
Gürel, Ayla & Laura Le Cornu (2014) Can Gas Catalyse Peace in the Eastern Mediterranean?, The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs 49(2): 11–33.
Tank, Pinar (2012) “Tilbake til pragmatismen: Tyrkias Syria-politikk” [A return to pragmatism: Turkey's Syria policy], Internasjonal Politikk 70(4): 513–519.
Tank, Pinar (2010) Tyrkias militære og "den dype staten" [Turkey's Military and "The Deep State"], Babylon: Nordisk tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier 8(1): 70–80.
Tank, Pinar (2006) Dressing for the Occassion: Reconstructing Turkey's Identity, Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 6(4): 463–478.
Tank, Pinar (2005) The Effects of the Iraq War on the Kurdish Issue in Turkey, Journal of Conflict, Security and Development 5(1): 69–86.
Tank, Pinar (2005) Political Islam in Turkey: A State of Controlled Secularity, Turkish Studies 6(1): 3–19.
Tank, Pinar (2001) Turkey as a 'Special Case' for the EU: Will the Generals Retreat from Politics?, Security Dialogue 32(2): 217–231.
Tunander, Ola (1995) A New Ottoman Empire? - The Choice for Turkey: Euro-Asian Centre vs National Fortress, Security Dialogue 27(4): 413–427.


Salehyan, Idean (2009) Rebels Without Borders: Transnational Insurgencies in World Politics. New York, NY: Cornell University Press.

Book Chapter

(2007) Turkey’s Ambiguous Identity: The Symbolic Significance of EU Membership, in Kjell A. Eliassen, ed., Are We Captives of History? Historical Essays on Turkey and Europe. Oslo: Fagbokforlaget (129–148).

Non-refereed Journal Article

Gürel, Ayla & Harry-Zachary Tzimitras (2016) Cyprus Settlement Negotiations: From Euphoria to Reality, Turkish Policy Quarterly 15(1): 51–63.
Baev, Pavel K. (2014) Russia and Turkey find a common course in confronting the specter of revolution, Turkish Policy Quarterly 12(4): 45–53.
Tank, Pinar (2005) Er Tyrkia USAs nye modell i midtøsten? [Is Turkey the USA's New Model in the Middle East?], Babylon 3(1): 50–55.

Popular Article

Tank, Pinar & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2016) Flyktningavtalen mellom EU og Tyrkia er kostbar - særlig for flyktningene [The EU-Turkey Deal is Costly - Especially for the Refugees], Aftenposten, 26 March.
Hatay, Mete (2015) Antropoloji ve Arkeoloji'nin Sömürgeci ve Irkçı Çalışmaları [Colonialist and Racist Politics of Anthropology and Archaeology], Poli, Havadis Newspaper, 11.10.2015, 11 October.
Hatay, Mete (2015) Anadolu İşgali, Kurtuluş Savaşı ve Kıbrıslılar [Occupation of Anatolia, Turkish Independence War and Cypriots], Poli, Havadis Newspaper, 26.7.2015, 26 July.
Hatay, Mete (2015) Celal Hordan Dosyası [The Celal Hordan File], Poli, Havadis Newspaper, 05/04/2015., 5 April.
Hatay, Mete (2014) Kıbrıslı Türkler ve Ermenilerin Magduriyetini Anlamak [Turkish Cypriots and Understanding Armenian Victimhood], Gazete 360, 14 May.
Tank, Pinar (2002) Det turbulente Tyrkia ser mot Europa [The Turbulent Turkey looks to Europe], Aftenposten, 4 October.

PRIO Report

Mason, Michael; & Rebecca Bryant (2017) Water technology and sustainability in north Cyprus: Climate change and the Turkey-north Cyprus water pipeline, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 1. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Mason, Michael; & Rebecca Bryant (2017) Kuzey Kıbrıs’ta su teknolojisi ve sürdürebilirliği [Water technology and sustainability in north Cyprus], PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 1. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Gürel, Ayla; Harry Tzimitras; & Hubert Faustmann, eds, (2016) Global Energy Debates and the Eastern Mediterranean, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 1. Cyprus: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Bryant, Rebecca; & Mete Hatay (2015) Turkish Perceptions of Cyprus: 1948 to the Present, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 1. Cyprus : PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Bryant, Rebecca; & Mete Hatay (2013) Soft Politics and Hard Choices: An Assessment of Turkey’s New Regional Diplomacy, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 2. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Atli, Mine; Olga Demetriou; Umut Bozkurt; Maria Hadjipavlou; Biran Mertan; Yiouli Taki; Magda Zenon; & Rana Zincir Celal (2012) Women's Peace in Cyprus: Recommendations of the Gender Advisory Team (GAT) on Implementing UNSCR 1325 Provisions on Women, Peace and Security, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 3. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Gürel, Ayla; Mete Hatay; & Christalla Yakinthou (2012) An Overview of Events and Perceptions, Displacement in Cyprus - Consequences of Civil and Military Strife, 5. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Demetriou, Olga (2012) Life Stories: Greek Cypriot Community, Displacement in Cyprus - Consequences of Civil and Military Strife, 1. Nicosia : PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Bryant, Rebecca (2012) Life Stories: Turkish Cypriot Community, Displacement in Cyprus - Consequences of Civil and Military Strife, 2. Nicosia : PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Trimikliniotis, Nicos; & Corina Demetriou (2012) Legal Framework in the Republic of Cyprus, Displacement in Cyprus - Consequences of Civil and Military Strife, 3. Nicosia : PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Gürel, Ayla (2012) Turkish Cypriot Legal Framework, Displacement in Cyprus - Consequences of Civil and Military Strife, 4. Nicosia : PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Mullen, Fiona (ed.) (2012) Property in the Cyprus Peace Process - Proceedings of the PCC-CEPS Conference, 20-21 May 2010 (Brussels), Displacement in Cyprus - Consequences of Civil and Military Strife, 6. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Trimikliniotis, Nicos; & Bozena Sojka, eds, (2012) Envisioning a Future: Towards a Property Settlement in Cyprus, Displacement in Cyprus - Consequences of Civil and Military Strife, 7. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Bozkurt, Umut; & Christalla Yakinthou (2012) Legacies of Violence and Overcoming Conflict in Cyprus: The Transitional Justice Landscape, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 2. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Faustmann, Hubert; Ayla Gürel; & Gregory M. Reichberg, eds, (2012) Cyprus Offshore Hydrocarbons: Regional Politics and Wealth Distribution, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 1. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Trimikliniotis, Nicos (ed.) (2010) Free Movement of Workers in Cyprus and the EU, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 1. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Christophorou, Christophoros ; Sanem Sahin; & Synthia Pavlou (2010) Media Narratives, Politics and the Cyprus Problem, PRIO Report, 1. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Papadakis, Yiannis (2008) History Education in Divided Cyprus: A Comparison of Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot Schoolbooks on the "History of Cyprus", PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 2. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Theophanous, Andreas (2008) The Political Economy of a Cyprus Settlement: The Examination of Four Scenaria, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 1. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Sitas, Ari; Dilek Latif; & Natasa Loizou (2007) Prospects of Reconciliation, Co-Existence and Foregiveness in Cyprus in the Post-referendum Period, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 4. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Hatay, Mete (2007) Is the Turkish Cypriot Population Shrinking? An Overview of the Ethno-demography in Cyprus in the Light of Preliminary Results of the Turkish Cypriot 2006 Census, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 2. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Platis, Stelios (2006) The Property Regime in a Cyprus Settlement, PRIO Report, 2. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Gürel, Ayla; & Kudret Özersay (2006) The Politics of Property in Cyprus: Conflicting Appeals to 'Bizonality' and 'Human Rights' by the Two Cypriot Communities, PRIO Cyprus Centre Report, 3. Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.
Hatay, Mete (2005) Beyond Numbers: An Inquiry into the Political Integration of the Turkish 'Settlers' in Northern Cyprus, PRIO Report, 4. Oslo/Nicosia: PRIO Cyprus Centre.

Conference Paper

Tank, Pinar (2005) Turkey’s Ambiguous Identity: The Symbolic Significance of EU Membership, presented at Turkey and Europe – are we Captives of History?, Blindern, Oslo, 11 April.

PRIO Policy Brief

Baev, Pavel K. (2015) Partnership of Contrarians, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Baev, Pavel K. (2013) Russia and Turkey in conflict (mis)management in the Caucasus, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Naftalin, Mark & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2012) Rebels and Refugees: Syrians in Southern Turkey, PRIO Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Ellinas, Charles ; Harry-Zachary Tzimitras; & John Roberts (2016) Hydrocarbon Developments in the Eastern Mediterranean The Case for PragmatismUSA: Atlantic Council, Global Energy Center and Dinu Patriciu Eurasia Center.
Tank, Pinar (2012) Turkey as an International Mediator: Opportunities and Pitfalls, Report for Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (NOREF). .
Tank, Pinar (2001) Turkey 2001: A Year of Struggle. Report for the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Report - External Series

Tank, Pinar (1999) Understanding Turkey's Kurdish Dilemma, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7. Oslo.
Tanchum, Michael (2015) A New Equilibrium: The Republic of Cyprus, Israel and Turkey in the Eastern Mediterranean Strategic Architecture, Occasional Paper Series , 1. Cyprus : PRIO Cyprus Centre and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
Tank, Pinar (2012) The Syria crisis: Challenges to Turkey’s role in the new Middle East, NA. IKOS, New Middle East Project - University of Oslo.
Tank, Pinar (2012) The AKP’s foreign policy challenges after the Arab Spring, IKOS, 3. University of Oslo: Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages (IKOS).

Blog Posts

Turkey’s Turn Toward Russia

Posted by Pinar Tank on Monday, 29 May 2017

Despite tensions over Syria, Turkey is increasingly turning to Russia to secure its foreign and domestic policy needs. Though anticipated, the May 9 announcement by the Donald Trump administration that the United States would arm fighters of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in preparation for an advance on the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa in Syria brought a swift and angry response from Turkey. Demanding a policy reversal, Minister of Foreign Affairs Mevlut Cavusoglu noted ominously that any arms obtained by the YPG were a direct threat to Turkey — strong words from one NATO ally to another. This ...

The EU-Turkey Refugee Deal is Costly – Especially for the Refugees

Posted by Pinar Tank & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Thursday, 7 April 2016

The agreement reflects the EU’s self-interest just as much as Turkey’s, but takes little account of the interests and rights of the refugees. On Friday 18 March, Turkey and the EU concluded a deal designed to put an end to refugees’ use of the sea route to travel from Turkey to Greece, because the route is costing too many lives, and because the EU and Turkey want to get the flood of refugees under control. The majority of the refugees and migrants who have arrived in Europe in recent months have travelled via this route. The EU’s website claims that ...

Russia Breaks the Partnership with Turkey – but Builds a New One with Iran

Posted by Pavel Baev & Joakim Brattvoll on Thursday, 26 November 2015

De-escalation of the crisis between Russia and Turkey, caused by the first ever air fight between them resulting in a destruction of a Russian Su-24, has suddenly become the hottest issue in global affairs. What has been overshadowed by this clash of military missions and political ambitions is the strengthening of ties between Russia and Iran achieved in the course of President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Tehran on 23 November 2015. This partnership-building may be of importance for the Syrian war, for the wider Middle East and beyond. All war trails lead to Damascus Since the start of Russian military ...

The “Sunnification” of Turkey´s Foreign Policy

Posted by Pinar Tank on Monday, 17 August 2015

Two months is a long time in politics – even more so in Turkish politics. At the beginning of June, the Turkish election brought a wave of hope across the country with results that broke the majoritarian (and authoritarian) rule of the reigning Justice and Development Party (AKP). The pro-Kurdish People´s Democratic Party (HDP), winning 13% of the vote, managed to cross the 10% threshold so gaining representation in mainstream politics for Kurds – as well as liberals desperate for a new democratic force in Turkey´s staid political landscape. It was a political victory that promised a continued normalization in ...

Turkey's Critical Election

Posted by Pinar Tank on Friday, 5 June 2015

With only days to go before legislative elections in Turkey on Sunday, 7 June, the political uncertainty of its possible outcomes are filling newspaper columns. This is a change from the past two elections where a victory for the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) was almost a foregone conclusion. As Turkey goes to the polls, two issues dominate. The first is the question of changes to Turkey´s constitutional order, replacing the present parliamentary system with a presidential one. Official polls closed ten days prior to the election (as is custom) and predictions indicated that while the ruling Justice and ...

The Victory of Mustafa Akıncı in Northern Cyprus gives Hope to Turkish Cypriots of a Better Future

Posted by Rebecca Bryant on Monday, 18 May 2015

Northern Cyprus held the second round of its presidential election on 26 April, with Mustafa Akıncı defeating the incumbent President, Derviş Eroğlu. Rebecca Bryant writes on what the result of the election might mean for the people of northern Cyprus and future negotiations with the Greek Cypriot-controlled Republic of Cyprus. She notes that while Akıncı’s victory has been met with euphoria on both sides of the island, all indications are that he will not only work toward a federation, but will also seek to defend the interests of Turkish Cypriots. Entrenched political parties are crumbling these days in the Eastern Mediterranean. The ...

Recognising and Denying Armenian Losses in Cyprus

Posted by Olga Demetriou on Friday, 24 April 2015

Cyprus was one of the first countries to recognise the Armenian genocide, but the relationship that the country has with its own Armenian population is more complicated than it seems. The centenary of the Armenian Genocide on 24 April this year comes amidst heightened speculation about a resumption of peace negotiations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots. The timing is coincidental and yet it is telling of how, in Cyprus, the Armenian issue (more so than others) has been mired in the Greco Turkish dispute. Against this backdrop, the question of Cyprus’ official recognition of the events that almost exterminated the ...

Partnership of Contrarians

Posted by Pavel Baev on Wednesday, 18 February 2015

Russia connects with Turkey seeking opportunities in the Middle East. Violent conflicts in the Middle East gained new momentum in 2014, and the forceful multilateral efforts to contain them yielded far from satisfactory results. Both Russia and Turkey have remained aloof from these efforts, and often oppose US-led endeavors but they have major stakes in the overlapping regional conflicts and so are exploring opportunities to claim a key role in pro-active conflict management. Russia’s best opportunity to boost its role in the Middle East is by launching joint initiatives with Turkey. Energy ties are a less solid foundation for this ...

Turkey’s Ambitions in Africa

Posted by Pinar Tank on Thursday, 5 June 2014

In August 2011 Turkish Prime Minister Erdoğan took his family, his foreign minister, and an entourage of cabinet members to visit Somalia as part of a humanitarian mission to highlight the plight of 12 million Somali victims of drought. The visit was symbolically important, as Erdoğan travelled to Mogadishu, the first visit to the Somali capital by a leader from outside Africa in 20 years. Also symbolic was the timing, coming as it did during the holy month of Ramadan in which Turkey alone raised 201 million USD in humanitarian relief. The magnitude of the Somali tragedy – with the ...

The Soma Mining Disaster: A Tragedy Foretold

Posted by Pinar Tank on Friday, 23 May 2014

As the rescue operation into Turkey´s worst industrial accident came to end on Saturday, 17 May, the number of dead was confirmed at 301 (of 787) with scores still unaccounted for. PRIO researcher Pinar Tank has published a post the New Middle East Blog 23 May 2014.

The True Cost of Turkey´s Crisis

Posted by Pinar Tank on Friday, 7 March 2014

One of the foundational concepts of good democratic governance is that of a separation of powers. French Enlightenment philosopher Baron de Montesquieu´s argument for the separation of political power between the three branches – executive, legislative and judiciary – hinges on the notion that power should not be centralized in a single sovereign to prevent rulers from usurping complete control. To these three branches can be added the Fourth Estate, the media. Independent from the state, it serves as a watchdog over the three branches. Finally, there is what Yochai Benkler (2006) refers to as the “Networked Fourth Estate” which ...