Locations

India

Select a country in the map above or list below to find relevant staff, as well as publications, projects, news or events relevant to that region.

People

Åshild Kolås

Åshild Kolås

Research Professor

Elida K. U. Jacobsen

Elida K. U. Jacobsen

Senior Researcher

Halvard Buhaug

Halvard Buhaug

Research Professor at PRIO; Professor of Political Science, NTNU

Jason Miklian

Jason Miklian

Senior Researcher

Kristian Berg Harpviken

Kristian Berg Harpviken

PRIO Director

Kristian Hoelscher

Kristian Hoelscher

Senior Researcher

Scott Gates

Scott Gates

Research Professor. Editor, International Area Studies Review

Stein Tønnesson

Stein Tønnesson

Research Professor

Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Hoelscher, Kristian & Rumi Aijaz (2016) Challenges and Opportunities in an Urbanising India, International Area Studies Review 19(1): 1–9.
Brekke, Torkel (2015) Bridging the gap between ancient and modern in the study of religion and violence in India, Journal of Religion and Violence 3(3): 327–333.
Miklian, Jason & Scott Carney (2013) Corruption, Justice and Violence in Democratic India, SAIS Review 33(1): 67–49.
Kolås, Åshild (2015) Framing the tribal: Ethnic violence in Northeast India, Asian Ethnicity. DOI: 10.1080/14631369.2015.1062050 : 1–16.
Kolås, Åshild (2014) Mothers and Activists in the Hills of Assam, Economic and Political Weekly 49(43): 41–48.
Wischnath, Gerdis & Halvard Buhaug (2014) Rice or riots: On food production and conflict severity across India, Political Geography 43: 6–15.
Samaddar, Ranabir & Anjuman Ara Begum (2014) New Fault Line in Conflict? Women's Emergence as the Subject of Peace in the North-East, Economic and Political Weekly 49(44): 74–83.
Moral, Rakhee Kalita (2014) The Woman Rebel and the State, Economic and Political Weekly 49(44): 66–73.
Banerjee, Paula (2014) New Conundruns for Women in North-East India. Nagaland and Tripura, Economic and Political Weekly 49(44): 57–65.
Deka, Arunima (2014) Of Pills and Politics: Contraceptives and Women in Assam, Social Change and Development 11(1): 118–130.
Miklian, Jason (2014) The Past, Present and Future of the 'Liberal Peace', Strategic Analysis 38(3): 493–507.
Miklian, Jason & Kristian Hoelscher (2014) A Tale of New Cities, Harvard International Review 36(1): 13–18.
Deka, Arunima (2013) Indigenous People and the International Discourse: Issues and Debates, Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) 17(1): 87–99.
Miklian, Jason & Scott Roecker (2012) Fire in the Sky, Foreign Policy.
Kolås, Åshild (2011) Naga Militancy and Violent Politics in the Shadow of Ceasefire, Journal of Peace Research 48(6): 781–792.
Kolås, Åshild (2011) GAVI and Hepatitis B Immunisation in India, Global Public Health 6(1): 28–40.
Kolås, Åshild (2010) The 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks: (Re-)Constructing Indian (Counter-)Terrorism, Critical Studies on Terrorism 3(1): 83–98.
Kolås, Åshild & Jason Miklian (2009) Managing Intractable Conflict: Indian Strategies, Journal of Conflict Management and Development 3(3): 1–20.

PhD Thesis

Lidén, Kristoffer (2014) Between Intervention and Sovereignty: Ethics of Liberal Peacebuilding and the Philosophy of Global Governance. PhD thesis, Department of Philosophy, Classics, History of Art and Ideas, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Bathari, Uttam (2014) Memory, History and Polity. A Study of Dimasa Identity in Colonial Past and Post colonial Present. PhD thesis, Department of Folklore Research , Gauhati University, Guwahati, India.

Monograph

Roy, Kaushik (2016) Sepoys against the Rising Sun: The Indian Army in Far East and South-East Asia, 1941–45. Leiden: Brill.
Roy, Kaushik (2016) India and World War II: War, Armed Forces and Society, 1939–1945. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Roy, Kaushik & Sourish Saha (2016) Armed Forces and Insurgents in Modern Asia. Abingdon: Routledge.
Roy, Kaushik (2015) Warfare in Pre-British India - 1500 BCE to 1740 CE. Abingdon: Routledge.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh (2016) A Rock Between Hard Places: Afghanistan as an Arena of Regional Insecurity. New York: Oxford University Press.

Book Chapter

Kolås, Åshild (2016) Sovereignty at the Frontiers: Contests and Contradictions, in Dilip Gogoi, ed., Unheeded Hinterland: Identity and Sovereignty In Northeast India. New Delhi: Routledge India (17–29).
Roy, Kaushik (2016) Indian Society and the Soldier: Will the Twain Ever Meet?, in Harsh V. Pant, ed., Handbook of Indian Defence Policy: Themes, Structures and Doctrines. New Delhi: Routledge (64–76).
Roy, Kaushik (2016) Artillery of the Army in India in World War I, in Sanders Marble, ed., King of Battle: Artillery In World War I. Leiden: Brill (299–323).
Brekke, Torkel (2016) Gun & Guru: Religious Teachers in the Indian Army, in Brekke, Torkel; & Vladimir Tikhonov, eds, Military Chaplaincy: Comparative Perspectives. Dehli: Oxford University Press .
Brekke, Torkel (2015) The Indian Tradition, in James Turner Johnson, ed., Ashgate Research Companion to Military Ethics. London: Ashgate (415–427).
Brekke, Torkel (2015) Indian Shia Muslims and ideas of home around Partition in the fiction of Rahi Masoom Reza, in Özdalga, Elisabeth; & Daniella Kuzmanovic, eds, Novel and Nation In the Muslim World. London: Palgrave Macmillan (201–215).
Brekke, Torkel (2014) Secularism and the market for religion in Scandinavia and India, in Loconzsci, Peter; & Walter Van Herck, eds, Secularism, Politics and Religion: Contexts and Concepts In India and Europe. New York: Routledge (158–176).
Brekke, Torkel (2014) The Sikh Tradition, in Reichberg, Gregory M.; & Henrik Syse, eds, The Comparative Ethics of War. New York: Cambridge University Press (672–701).
Brekke, Torkel (2012) Hinduism and Security, in Seiple, Chris; Dennis R. Hoover; & Pauletta Otis, eds, Routledge Handbook of Religion and Security. New York: Routledge (80–94).
Brekke, Torkel (2012) Breaking the Thigh and Breaking the Warrior Code, in Aquil, Raziuddin; & Kaushik Roy, eds, Warfare, Religion, and Society In Indian History. Dehli: Manohar (43–63).
Brekke, Torkel (2012) The Dharam Yudh or Just War in Sikhism, in Kaushik Roy, ed., Warfare and Politics In South Asia from Ancient to Modern Times. New Dehli: Manohar (387–414).
Roy, Kaushik (2015) British-India and Afghanistan: 1707-1842, in Kaushik Roy, ed., Chinese and Indian Warfare - from the Classical Age to 1870. Abingdon: Routledge (91–120).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2015) Heart or Periphery? Afghanistan's Complex Neighbourhood Relations, in Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, War and State-Building In Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury (245–279).
Roy, Kaushik (2016) British-India and Afghanistan: 1707–1842, in Kaushik Roy, ed., Chinese and Indian Warfare – from the Classical Age to 1870. London: Routledge (91–120).
Roy, Kaushik (2014) Learning through Conflicts: How have India's External Conflicts Shaped its Strategic Culture?, in Does India Think Strategically? Institutions, Strategic Culture and Security Policies. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers & Distributors (83–112).
Kolås, Åshild (2014) Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: Ideas, Approaches and Debates , in Upadhyaya, Priyankar; & Samrat Schmiem Kumar, eds, Peace and Conflict - the South Asian Experience. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India (1–22).
Hoelscher, Kristian & Jason Miklian (2013) The violence of migration from Bangladesh to India, in Miklian, Jason; & Åshild Kolås, eds, India's Human Security: Lost Debates, Forgotten People, Intractable Challenges. London: Routledge (103–121).
Kolås, Åshild & Jason Miklian (2013) Facing the future: Responding to human security in India, in Miklian, Jason; & Åshild Kolås, eds, India's Human Security: Lost Debates, Forgotten People, Intractable Challenges. London: Routledge (227–235).
Kolås, Åshild & Jason Miklian (2013) Introduction, in Miklian, Jason; & Åshild Kolås, eds, India's Human Security: Lost Debates, Forgotten People, Intractable Challenges. London: Routledge (1–12).

Edited Volume

Kolås, Åshild (ed.) (2017) Women, Peace and Security in Northeast India. New Delhi: Zubaan Books.
Roy, Kaushik (ed.) (2015) Chinese and Indian Warfare - From the Classical Age to 1870. Abingdon: Routledge.
Reichberg, Gregory M.; & Henrik Syse, eds, (2014) Religion, War, and Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Miklian, Jason; & Åshild Kolås, eds, (2013) India's Human Security: Lost Debates, Forgotten People, Intractable Challenges. London: Routledge. Routledge Studies in South Asian Politics.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Baruah, Sanjib (2016) Naga peace: Road ahead still uncertain, The Seminar 677: 64–68.
Kolås, Åshild (2012) What's up with the territorial council?, Seminar New Delhi): a Monthly Symposium(640): 2–7.
Miklian, Jason (2011) The General's Luck Runs Out, Foreign Policy.
Kolås, Åshild & Camilla Buzzi (2010) India-Burma Relations Hitting a Dead End?, The Irrawaddy 18(3).
Kolås, Åshild (2010) Theories of Conflict Resolution: Lessons for Northeast India?, Politeia: Annual Journal of North-East India Political Science Association 2009(1): 32–53.

Popular Article

Miklian, Jason & Kristian Hoelscher (2016) En beretning om fremtidens byer [On the Future of Cities], Ny Tid.
Aijaz, Rumi (2015) Smart Moves, Smart Cities, The Pioneer.
Mistelbacher, Jochen (2015) Smart cities no panacea for urban future, Deccan Herald.
Kolås, Åshild (2009) Veien etter Indias 9/11 [In the Aftermath of India's 9/11 ], Ny Tid, 6–12 March.

Conference Paper

Sahoo, Niranjan (2015) Understanding the Processes and Patterns of Exclusion in Urban Space: A Case of Three Indian Cities, presented at Conference on ‘Sustainable Urbanisation in India: Challenges and Opportunities’, organised by Institute of Development Studies Kolkata and IIT Bombay, Kolkata, India, 15–16 January.
Aijaz, Rumi (2014) Development of New Urban Centres in India, presented at ‘Sustainability through System of Settlements’, organised by School of Planning and Architecture and Institutional Systems Planning Centre, Delhi, India, 17–18 January.
Manchanda, Rita (2013) Changing Dynamics of Gender, Power and Peace: Challenges in Building a Transformative Peace in South Asia , presented at AISC-JNU Conference on Gender and Peacebuilding: Recasting Women's Agency, New Delhi, 12 December 2013.
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Anthony Amicelle (2013) Disciplinarization by Technology? Anti-Money Laundering in Europe and India, presented at 54th International Studies Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, 03.04.13 – 06.04.13.

PRIO Policy Brief

Miklian, Jason & Niranjan Sahoo (2016) Supporting a More Inclusive and Responsive Urban India, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Miklian, Jason (2013) Exposing and Limiting the Global Trade in Conflict Diamonds, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Kolås, Åshild (2015) Women's Empowerment in India: From participation to political agency, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Behera, Navnita Chadha (2013) Conflict, governance and peacebuilding in Kashmir, CORE Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.
Amin, Imran & Amit Prakash (2013) Conflict, governance and development, CORE Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
DasGupta, Sumona & Priyanka Singh (2013) Village council elections in Jammu and Kashmir, CORE Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo.
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Priyanka Vij (2013) India's national biometric ID scheme, CORE Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Ghosh, Atig (2013) Governing conflict and peacebuilding in India’s northeast and Bihar, CORE Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Upadhyaya, Anjoo Sharan; Priyankar Upadhyaya & Ajay Kumar Yadav (2013) Interrogating peace in Meghalaya, CORE Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Meitei, Leitanthem Umakanta (2016) Voyages of Women in Manipur: Towards a peaceful society, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Tadjbakhsh, Shahrbanou (2016) Regional Responses to Radicalization in Afghanistan: Obstacles, Opportunities and an Agenda for Action, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Horst, Cindy; Jørgen Carling & Rojan Ezzati (2010) Immigration to Norway from Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, India, Morocco and Ukraine, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Kolås, Åshild (2012) Gender, Empowerment and Conflict: Experiences from Northeast India, Workshop on Gender, Empowerment and Conflict. Oslo: PRIO.
Tønnesson, Stein; & Åshild Kolås (2006) Energy Security in Asia: China, India, Oil and Peace, Report to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Miklian, Jason; & Devika Sharma (2016) India’s global foreign policy engagements – a new paradigm?, NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre, 2016. Oslo: NOREF.
Miklian, Jason; & Jayashree Vivekanandan (2016) Bringing the region back in? Deciphering India’s engagement with South Asia, NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre, 2016. Oslo: NOREF.
Miklian, Jason; & Atul Mishra (2016) The evolving domestic drivers of Indian foreign policy, NOREF Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre, 2016. Oslo: NOREF.
Gopinath, Meenakshi; & Nidhi Bhatnagar (2015) Women and Peacebuilding: Engendering Policy, WISCOMP Policy Dialogue, 3. New Delhi: WISCOMP - Foundation For Universal Responsibility.

Newsletter

Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2016) Women Engaging in Islamic Charity as ‘Development Agents’, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2016: PRIO.

Blog Posts

India’s Membership of the Missile Technology Control Regime

Posted by Rajiv Nayan & Åshild Kolås on Thursday, 18 August 2016

India became the 35th member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) on 27 June 2016. The MTCR is an informal and voluntary association of suppliers of ballistic and cruise missiles capable of delivering Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), and other unmanned aerial vehicles. It was established in 1987 with merely seven countries. Though the MTCR does not force any of its members to take ‘legally binding obligations’, in reality, members normally incorporate decisions taken in the informal body. During the Cold War, as more countries joined the MTCR, there were frequent struggles among its members over harmonization. In 1992, ...

India’s Nuclear Behavior

Posted by ​Kanica Rakhra on Wednesday, 30 March 2016

India’s Nuclear Policy has been the subject of debate for many decades now. A non-signatory to the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty, the country has pursued an atomic bomb amid regional tensions and precarious relations with its neighbors. India has also used its nuclear weapon to bolster its national identity tied to the concept of ‘security’. Despite all this, the state has been provided tacit support for its nuclear program and given back door entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group. As a recognized nuclear weapons state, India has been integrated economically as well as politically into the international system.This text explores the different ...

The Child Welfare Services in Norway and Migration

Posted by Marta Bivand Erdal on Wednesday, 17 June 2015

The recent demonstrations against Norway’s Child Welfare Service (Barnevernet), in Oslo and outside Norwegian embassies abroad, express the deep frustration and fear felt by some parents with immigrant background. In recent years this frustration has received increased attention both in Norway and internationally. The international diplomatic repercussions of this crisis of confidence between the Child Welfare Service and families with immigrant background reveal how this is not purely a domestic matter, although it concerns children in Norway. Frode Forfang, director general of the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration, is concerned about the involvement of the Child Welfare Service with asylum seekers, ...

Women’s Empowerment in India

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Monday, 11 May 2015

From participation to political agency Women’s empowerment and equal participation in political life is important at all levels of Indian society. Despite benefitting from reservations, women frequently experience obstacles when they participate in politics. However, to address women’s aspirations for political agency we should explore the emerging opportunities, and not only the challenges. We should also keep in mind that there are multiple aspects of identity, and huge differences in the economic and political status of women, within India as in the rest of the world. ‘Women’ is not a homogenous category that can be defined merely by the need ...

Peace for the Next Generation

Posted by Arne Strand on Friday, 10 October 2014

The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to two people, from two countries with shared challenges. But the award raises questions: Does India have the will to abolish child labour? And can Malala Yousafzai influence Pakistani women and girl’s rights from abroad? The two candidates who were awarded this year’s Nobel Peace Prize are of different ages and experience. What they have in common, however, is the importance they attach to children’s, young people’s and girls’ rights, and the hope that this will contribute to a more peaceful world in the longer term. At the same time, the awarding of ...

A Tale of New Cities: The Future of Urban Planning in the Developing World

Posted by Jason Miklian & Kristian Hoelscher on Friday, 27 June 2014

The global shift from rural to urban living will be the most important demographic transformation of the 21st century. All great shifts create the opportunity for great fortunes, especially for those with audacious visions who are positioned to capitalize on them. Indian industrialist Ajit Gulabchand runs Hindustan Construction Company (HCC), which is responsible for some of the country’s most iconic infrastructure projects. In what might be the single biggest bet in the history of Indian real estate, Gulabchand has staked HCC’s future – and his own family fortune – on a cluster of five planned cities perched along artificial fjords ...

Electing India's Future

Posted by Jason Miklian & Kristian Hoelscher on Monday, 12 May 2014

In April, 800 hundred million people began casting their ballots all across India in the largest election the world has ever seen. When we think of voting in India, we often picture a poor elderly villager showing a big ink-stained thumb and boasting a wide smile as proof of democracy in action. But elections in today’s India mean big money, big ideas and a growing focus on big urban centers as the drivers of development that will continue to catapult it from a 20th century agrarian laggard to a 21st century global power. ​India’s electorate is bigger than all of ...

Digital India: Less Cash, but not Cashless

Posted by Åshild Kolås & Elida Kristine Undrum Jacobsen on Wednesday, 30 November 2016

The past month has seen historic events in India. On Tuesday 8 November 2016, the Modi government announced without prior warning that all 500 and 1000 Indian rupee notes would be rendered valueless more or less overnight. In effect, this meant immediate withdrawal of the largest bank notes in circulation, and issuance of new notes within a few days, renewing 86 percent of India’s cash economy. Is this another step towards a cashless economy? What has the cash withdrawal done to the black economy, and networks based on corruption? And what are the implications for the use of cash, especially ...